Appendizitis (Blinddarmentzündung)

Appendizitis ist eine Entzündung der Appendix vermiformis. Sie beginnt meist mit Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Appetitlosigkeit und Oberbauchschmerzen, erst nach Stunden kommt es zu Schmerzen im rechten Unterbauch.

Appendizitis betrifft den folgenden Prozess: infektiös.

Symptome

Diagnostik

Therapie

Prognose

Ätiologie

Epidemiologie

Geschlechtsverteilung
Altersverteilung

Pathophysiologie

Prävention

Zusammenfassung

Die Appendizitis ist eine Entzündung der Appendix vermiformis und die häufigste Ursache für das akute Abdomen. Der Altersgipfel der Erkrankung liegt zwischen dem 10. und dem 30. Lebensjahr.

Typische Symptome sind:

Die klinische Diagnose der akuten Appendizitis ist schwierig, weshalb immer bildgebende Untersuchungen wie die Sonografie, Computertomographie oder Magnetresonanztomographie eingesetzt werden.

Die Therapie erfolgt in dem meisten Fällen durch sofortige offene oder laparoskopische Appendektomie.

Patientenhinweise

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Quellen

  • A review of the results of laparoscopic versus open appendectomy. - W Richards, D Watson, G Lynch, GW Reed - Surgery, gynecology , 1993 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • A prospective study of 1152 hospital autopsies: II. Analysis of inaccuracies in clinical diagnoses and their significance - HM Cameron, E McGoogan - The Journal of pathology, 1981 - Wiley Online Library
  • Abdominal pain resembling acute appendicitis in Rocky Mountain spotted fever - AE Davis Jr, WD Bradford - JAMA: The Journal of the American , 1982 - Am Med Assoc
  • A review of the results of laparoscopic versus open appendectomy. - W Richards, D Watson, G Lynch, GW Reed - Surgery, gynecology , 1993 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Abdominal pain evaluation - Z Toufaili - Primary Care Clinical Guide - wwwlb.aubmc.org.lb
  • Appendectomy in the surgical staging of ovarian carcinoma - T Beşe, D Kösebay, S Kaleli, AU Öz - International Journal of , 1996 - Elsevier
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  • ABC of diseases of liver, pancreas, and biliary system: Liver abscesses and hydatid disease - JEJ Krige, IJ Beckingham - BMJ: British Medical Journal, 2001 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • A practical score for the early diagnosis of acute appendicitis - A Alvarado - Ann Emerg Med, 1986 - anorexianervosabulimia.org
  • Current medical diagnosis & treatment 2010 - SJ McPhee, MA Papadakis, MW Rabow - 2010 - media.matthewsbooks.com.s3.
  • Acute appendicitis during pregnancy: diagnosis and management - MD Horowitz, GA Gomez, R Santiesteban - Archives of , 1985 - Am Med Assoc
  • Acute ovarian torsion in children - ER Kokoska, MS Keller, TR Weber - The American journal of surgery, 2000 - Elsevier
  • Abdominal Surgery: Advances in the Use of Ultrasound-Guided Truncal Blocks for Perioperative Pain Management - J Børglum, K Jensen - 2012 - cdn.intechopen.com
  • Acute appendicitis in the elderly: a 5-year retrospective study - J McCALLION, GP CANNING, PV KNIGHT - Age and , 1987 - Br Geriatrics Soc
  • A chance of misdiagnosis between acute appendicitis and renal colic - H Paajanen, H Tainio, M Laato - Scandinavian journal of , 1996 - informahealthcare.com
  • Acute appendicitis in children - ET BOLES Jr, RJ IRETON - Archives of , 1959 - Am Med Assoc
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  • Aids in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis - J Hoffmann, OØ Rasmussen - British journal of surgery, 2005 - Wiley Online Library
  • Acute appendicitis: a prospective study of 54 cases. - AR Adesunkanmi - West African journal of medicine, 1993 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • A clinical decision rule to identify children at low risk for appendicitis - AB Kharbanda, GA Taylor, SJ Fishman, RG Bachur - Pediatrics, 2005 - Am Acad Pediatrics
  • Acute appendicitis in children: emergency department diagnosis and management - SG Rothrock, J Pagane - Annals of emergency medicine, 2000 - sygdoms.com
  • Acute appendicitis in children with leukemia and other malignancies: still a diagnostic dilemma - CA Angel, BN Rao, E Wrenn, TE Lobe - Journal of pediatric , 1992 - Elsevier
  • Acute mesenteric lymphadenitis: a clinical syndrome in children simulating appendicitis - SL Goldberg, IT Nathanson - The American Journal of Surgery, 1934 - Elsevier
  • Appendicitis at the Millennium1 - BA Birnbaum, SR Wilson - Radiology, 2000 - radiology.rsna.org
  • Diagnosis of acute flank pain: value of unenhanced helical CT. - RC Smith, M Verga, S McCarthy - American Journal of , 1996 - Am Roentgen Ray Soc
  • Acute appendicitis: MR imaging and sonographic correlation. - L Incesu, A Coskun, MB Selcuk - American Journal of , 1997 - Am Roentgen Ray Soc
  • Acute Appendicitis: Effect of Increased Use of CT on Selecting Patients Earlier1 - V Raptopoulos, G Katsou, MP Rosen, B Siewert - , 2003 - radiology.rsna.org
  • Acute appendicitis during pregnancy: diagnosis and management - MD Horowitz, GA Gomez, R Santiesteban - Archives of , 1985 - Am Med Assoc
  • Acute appendicitis during pregnancy: diagnosis and management - MD Horowitz, GA Gomez, R Santiesteban - Archives of , 1985 - Am Med Assoc
  • Acute appendicitis is rarely the initial presentation of cecal cancer in the elderly patient - LS Bizer - Journal of surgical oncology, 1993 - Wiley Online Library
  • A child with fever, hip pain and limp - C Atkinson, SK Morris, V Ng - Canadian Medical , 2006 - canadianmedicaljournal.ca
  • A revised concept of acute regional enteritis. - FE Gump, M Lepore, HG Barker - Annals of surgery, 1967 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Diagnosis and treatment of prostatic abscess - P Oliveira, JA Andrade, HC Porto - International braz j , 2003 - SciELO Brasil
  • Escherichia coli O157: H7 - PS Mead, PM Griffin - The Lancet, 1998 - Elsevier
  • Ascaris lumbricoides infestation as a cause of intestinal obstruction in children: Experience with 87 cases - E Villamizar, M Mendez, E Bonilla, H Varon - Journal of pediatric , 1996 - Elsevier
  • Development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in critically ill patients with perforated viscus: predictive value of APACHE severity scoring - PS Barie, LJ Hydo, E Fischer - Archives of Surgery, 1996 - Am Med Assoc
  • A case of mumps complicated by meningo-encephalomyelitis and appendicitis - MN Lucas, S Dias - Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2007 - cjs.lk
  • Acute scrotum: an exceptional presentation of acute nonperforated appendicitis in childhood - R Mendez, M Tellado, M Montero, J Rios, D Vela - Journal of pediatric , 1998 - Elsevier
  • Acute appendicitis in a femoral hernia: an unusual presentation of a groin mass - LE Isaacs, CH Felsenstein - The Journal of emergency medicine, 2002 - Elsevier
  • "" fil - ONI DYSMKNORRHKA - Mass Medical Soc
  • A randomized, double-blind clinical trial comparing cefepime plus metronidazole with imipenem-cilastatin in the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal - PS Barie, SB Vogel, EP Dellinger, OD Rotstein - Archives of , 1997 - Am Med Assoc
  • Complications of Meckel's diverticulum - T Moore, AOB Johnston - British Journal of Surgery, 1976 - Wiley Online Library
  • Acute appendicitis simulating right ureterolithiasis: a case report. - RE BERRY, GH HARDIE - Medical bulletin (Ann Arbor, Mich.), 1956 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • A 25-year review of adenocarcinoma of the appendix - MA Cerame - Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 1988 - Springer
  • Appendiceal abscess - DL Paull, GP Bloom - Archives of Surgery, 1982 - Am Med Assoc
  • 'Simple'ulcers of the cæcum, colon, and rectum - D Barlow - British Journal of Surgery, 1941 - Wiley Online Library
  • Case-fatality in teaching and non-teaching hospitals, 1956-1959 - L Lipworth, JAH Lee, JN Morris - The Challenge of , 2004 - ingentaconnect.com
  • Acute appendicitis as a sign of a colorectal carcinoma - E Arnbjörnsson - Journal of Surgical Oncology, 2006 - Wiley Online Library
  • Acute appendicitis - DJ Humes, J Simpson - Bmj, 2006 - bmj.com
  • Acute female pelvic pain: ultrasound evaluation - A Bau, M Atri - Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MRI, 2000 - Elsevier
  • Acute appendicitis in patients with AIDS/HIV infection - SR Binderow, AA Shaked - The American journal of surgery, 1991 - Elsevier
  • Amyand's hernia: prospective CT diagnosis - JS Luchs, D Halpern, DS Katz - Journal of computer assisted , 2000 - journals.lww.com
  • Abdominal-wall tenderness: a useful sign in the acute abdomen - H Thomson, DMA Francis - The Lancet, 1977 - Elsevier
  • Catheter-directed thrombolysis with transjugular access in portal vein thrombosis secondary to pancreatitis - C Aytekin, F Boyvat, A Kurt, Z Yologlu - European journal of , 2001 - Elsevier
  • Active observation in management of acute abdominal pain in childhood. - PF Jones - British medical journal, 1976 - bmj.com
  • A case of blunt abdominal trauma and posttraumatic acute appendicitis - I Karavokyros, E Pikoulis - Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi , 2004 - journalagent.com
  • Abstracts of Papers Presented before the Central Surgical Association: THE PATHOGENICITY OF THE BACTERIA OF APPENDICITIS PERITONITIS - WA Altemeier - Annals of Surgery, 1941 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Acute Nontraumatic Abdominal Pain in Adult Patients: Abdominal Radiography Compared with CT Evaluation1 - SH Ahn, WW Mayo-Smith, BL Murphy, SE Reinert - , 2002 - radiology.rsna.org
  • Accuracy of five different diagnostic techniques in mild-to-moderate pelvic inflammatory disease - H Gaitán, E Angel, R Diaz, A Parada - Infectious diseases in , 2002 - hindawi.com
  • An address on surgical aspects of subphrenic abscess - HL Barnard - British medical journal, 1908 - bmj.com

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