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25 Possible Causes for (HDR), @, @, @, @, @, Brachytherapy, Brain, Central, Dose, HIGH, Isotope, Nervous, Oncology, Other, Peripheral, Radiation, Rate, Stem, System, and

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  • Radiation Therapy

    KEYWORDS: Brain; Cognition; Radiosensitivity; Radiotherapy; Toxicity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dose to PTV SIP was required to be as high as possible within the constraints to avoid local relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nuclear Medicine Radioisotopes Radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes of an element.[omicsonline.org] The 3-, 5- and 7-year local relapse-free survival rates were 100%, 100% and 95%, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] " radiation.[en.wikipedia.org] The Department of Radiation Oncology is part of Heidelberg University's Faculty of Clinical Medicine .[umm.uni-heidelberg.de] PURPOSE: To examine safety and efficacy of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (CL-HCC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brachytherapy may be performed with low dose rate (LDR) or high dose rate (HDR) applications.[emedicine.medscape.com] The cancer stem cells are left behind. Plus, the radiation actually turns normal cells into cancer stem cells.[thetruthaboutcancer.com] This paper presents a magnetic position tracking system for radiation therapy. The proposed system uses only four transmitting coils and an implantable transponder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Breast Irradiation

    With a median follow-up of 38.5 months (range: 8 - 49 months), no patients had a local recurrence, but one patients with triple negative disease had a distant metastases in brain[degruyter.com] KEYWORDS: Breast cancer; Conserving surgery; High-dose-rate brachytherapy; Interstitial multi-catheter partial breast irradiation; Long-term outcome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The therapy team then delivers radiation treatment (in the form of radioactive isotopes) directly to the tumor site via catheters within the balloon.[mvhealthsystem.org] One of the nation’s first and most experienced intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) programs, pioneering same-day surgery and radiation treatment.[stanfordhealthcare.org] The Department of Radiation Oncology offers a partial breast treatment technique sometimes referred to as MammoSite Breast Brachytherapy.[nyp.org] SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Breast Cancer Group Specialized Register (4 May 2015), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2015, Issue 5[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2014, 114 patients received adjuvant APBI using multicatheter HDR-IBT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cancer cells are generally less differentiated and more stem cell -like; they reproduce more than most healthy differentiated cells, and have a diminished ability to repair[en.wikipedia.org] Set-up accuracy was comparable with other prone systems; residual errors need further investigations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS AND MATERIALS: The American Brachytherapy Society Board appointed an expert panel with clinical and research experience with breast brachytherapy to provide guidance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Spinal Cord Irradiation

    Malignant tumors are classified as brain cancer when they originate in the brain.[sccaprotontherapy.com] Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells.[clinicaltrials.gov] X-ray examination of lymph glands and lymphatic vessels after an injection of contrast medium medical discipline that uses radioactive isotopes in the diagnosis and treatment[quizlet.com] […] year(s) guaranteed for 5 years Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use read more Subcription rates[karger.com] The completely revised 2nd Edition of CLINICAL RADIATION ONCOLOGY provides the most comprehensive, authoritative, and up-to-date information available for treating patients[books.google.de] […] the center of spinal cord injury. view more Credit: Neural Regeneration Research The glial scar is the main inhibitor of axon regeneration and functional recovery in the central[eurekalert.org] Beitler JJ, Garg MK, Ahn A, Owen R, Smith R: “ High Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy plus Neck Dissection for Nodal Disease” Head Neck. 2008 Mar 7; [Epub ahead of print] 9.[einstein.yu.edu] In the laboratory his team investigates molecular and cellular approaches for improving brain tumor treatment, as well as the use of stem cell biology for spinal regeneration[books.google.de] Several neurologic side effects have been reported previously with total-body hyperthermia — most commonly peripheral neuropathy, but not myelopathy. 1 2 3 The mechanism of[nejm.org] The department consists of 7 linear accelerators and two tomotherapy units, intraoperative radiotherapy, brachytherapy as well as particle therapy with protons and carbon[heidelberg-university-hospital.com]

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  • Prostatic Irradiation

    […] healthy brain tissue that control important body functions.[proton-therapy.org] OBJECTIVES: To determine whether high-dose radiation delivered to a subvolume of the prostate gland (peripheral zone) using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-guided[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Johns Hopkins has developed a small molecule that targets prostate cancer cells with radioactive isotopes .[hopkinsmedicine.org] […] whole-pelvic radiation).[news.cancerconnect.com] HDR brachytherapy was initially used as a “boost” treatment after regional external beam radiotherapy. 20 As transrectal ultra- sound image guidance improved, HDR as monotherapy[gotoper.com] Based on the 10th International Symposium on Special Aspects of Radiotherapy held in Berlin in 2006, this volume highlights key advances in surgical, radiooncological and systemic[books.google.com] The probability of correct target dosage: Dose-population histograms for deriving treatment margins in radiotherapy. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol.[degruyter.com] CONCLUSIONS: An increased frequency of rectal cancer after prostatic irradiation, apparent on crude analysis, could be attributed to age confounding and other unmeasured confounders[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The high prevalence of faecal urgency in patients after RTH may be related to alterations in rectal perception of stool. anorectal function radiotherapy motility manometry[gut.bmj.com] Radioactive seeds (LDR or low dose rate) or catheters (HDR or high dose rate) are inserted directly into the prostate while you are asleep under anesthesia.[pcf.org]

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  • Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

    During her work up, an MRI of the brain was performed which demonstrated a homogeneously enhancing extra-axial mass consistent with a meningioma.[dx.doi.org] This is particularly true in case of high-grade sarcomas of specific histological subtypes, as demonstrated by the largest surveys of the last decade.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] received preoperative, intraoperative or postoperative external beam radiation, radioisotopes, radioactive implants, or a combination of beam radiation with implants or isotopes[jamanetwork.com] The 30-day mortality rate was 1·4 per cent (5 patients), the 30-day morbidity rate was 15·7 per cent (57 patients), and 27 patients required a return to theatre.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In particular, the role of radiation therapy, treatment-related side effects and the use of modern radiation treatment techniques will be discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] c Department of Radiology d Department of Pathology e Department of Medical Oncology, Sarcoma Unit, The Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK[journals.lww.com] Consideration should be given to further centralization of RPS care. 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alektiar KM, Hu K, Anderson L, Brennan MF, Harrison LB (2000) High-dose-rate intraoperative radiation therapy (HDR-IORT) for retroperitoneal sarcomas.[link.springer.com] Summary of the guidelines for preventing opportunistic infections among hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. Clin Infect Dis 2001;33:139–44.[link.springer.com] The type of systemic therapy used is guided by the histological subtype.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Uterine Radium Implant

    It can be used to treat many types of cancer, including breast, lung, colorectal, prostate and brain cancers.[health.costhelper.com] Reirradiation with high-dose-rate remote afterloading brachytherapy implant in patients with locally recurrent or residual cervical carcinoma Dr.[cancerjournal.net] Four radium isotopes occur naturally and have different atomic masses: 223, 224, 226, and 228. The isotope with atomic mass 226 is the most abundant.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The basic facts about internal radiation therapy. When Is Internal Radiation Therapy Used?[caregiverslibrary.org] Devlin, a leading world authority on brachytherapy, has assembled other leaders in the field from world-renowned radiation oncology programs to enrichthis comprehensive text[books.google.com] […] plane  Mean central /peripheral dose  Volumes: Treated/ point A/ reference volume  Dose to Organs at Risk : bladder, rectum 15.  the dose should be prescribed & assessed[de.slideshare.net] Twice-daily HDR in 5 fractions over 3 days. Pts received EBRT HDR or HDR alone (favorable pts). Rotte applicator.[en.wikibooks.org] How does cancer occur and where does it stem from?[drjohnbergman.com] […] implant system 10 .[encrypted.google.com] Fatal central nervous system hemorrhage or massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage can occur when the platelet count is less than 10,000 cells/mm3.[nclexpinoy.com]

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  • Bone Radiation

    This treatment is useful for treating bone tumours in hard-to-reach areas such as near the spinal cord or brain.[cancer.ca] Although no definite audiometric pattern was seen, most of the patients had a predominately high frequency SNHL in the poorer hearing ear, and fluctuant hearing in the better[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They also make the findings reported in this week’s NEJM particularly exciting: treating bone metastases with radium-223 dichloride, a radioactive isotope, can significantly[blogs.nejm.org] Dose rate 15-45 rad/min.[en.wikibooks.org] Radiation Pathology is an up-to-date compendium of the effects of ionizing radiation on human tissues.[books.google.de] […] anatomy; and economics of radiation oncology.[books.google.de] During 3-6 weeks marrow cellularity is replaced by central fat predominantly surrounding the basivertebral veins. Promoted articles (advertising)[radiopaedia.org] Temporary (high dose rate, or HDR) Brachytherapy : This is a newer technique.[news.cancerconnect.com] For special oral care during high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant , see the Managing Oral Complications of High-Dose Chemotherapy and/or Stem Cell Transplant section[cancer.gov] Enneking Staging system AJCC Staging system 4. OSTEOSARCOMAS 5.[slideshare.net]

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  • Orbital Rhabdomyosarcoma

    ., Wilmington, Del.) device loaded with radioactive iodine seeds delivered localized high-dose radiation, 6000 cGy over 6 days, to the orbit without irradiating the brain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Given the high cure rates achieved, future treatments must aim to maintain the good results but to reduce the high incidence of late effects of treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Presented herein is the first evaluation of the nitrogen and carbon isotope ratio using isotope ratio mass spectrometry in the two major rhabdomyosarcoma histologic types.[cancerindex.org] The 2-year estimated survival rate reached 86.1%, the 3-year estimated survival rate was 77%, and the 5-year estimated survival rate was 70.6%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Radiation therapy is still essential for local control of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma, however radiation side effects have to be carefully considered together with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiation Oncology: Rationale, Technique, Results, by James D. Cox, MD and K.[books.google.de] Dose-volume histograms (90%, 50%, 10%) were generated and compared for important orbital and central nervous system structures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the external sphincter and one 17-year-old boy with an anal canal cancer), were treated by an chemoradiation scheme including percutaneous radiation (45 Gy) and ERS-guided HDR-boost[de.glosbe.com] Clinical presentation, management, complications, and ocular and systemic outcomes were reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In 1 patient, brachytherapy was incorrectly withheld after delayed surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Abdominal Radiation

    Survivors were excluded who had a known diagnosis of diabetes and/or previous radiation treatment to the brain.[oncnursingnews.com] […] tolerated dose (MTD) and feasibility of weekly cisplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy administered concurrently with whole abdominal radiation therapy (WART) in women with high-risk[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiation oncologists are also evaluating placement of different isotopes in attempts to improve brachytherapy.[texasoncology.com] Abstract Because the use of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for ovarian carcinoma has not significantly improved 5-year survival rates compared with either whole-abdominal radiation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The combined radiation and chemotherapy may have, by additive or synergistic action, caused the early appearance of radiation nephritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A Gynecologic Oncology Group Phase I study was designed to evaluate the toxicity of whole abdominal radiation therapy with concurrent weekly cisplatin in patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eur J Cancer 2001, 37: 597-604. 10.1016/S0959-8049(00)00444-5 View Article PubMed Google Scholar Copyright Das et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006[ro-journal.biomedcentral.com] I received 25 broad external abdominal radiation treatments along with 4 Cysplastin chemo treatments, followed by 5 HDR internal brachytherapy radiation treatments.[csn.cancer.org] Analysis of 96 patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma treated with high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation.[cancerjournal.net] […] by external compressive fibrosis of soft tissue and ischemia from fibrosis. - Central Nervous System (CNS): Autonomic Nervous System can be affect resulting in orthostatic[physio-pedia.com]

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  • Skin Cancer

    At autopsy, the brains of the 44 yr XP-A and the 45 yr XP-D patients were profoundly atrophic and characterized microscopically by diffuse neuronal loss, myelin pallor and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To evaluate interventions for preventing NMSC in people at high risk of developing NMSC.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Isotopes commonly used in the treatment of bone metastasis are radium-223 , [74] strontium-89 and samarium ( 153 Sm) lexidronam . [75] In 2002, the United States Food and[en.wikipedia.org] The age-standardized annual rate was 56.2/100,000 with no statistically significant differences in the rates for males and females.[doi.org] Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the major etiologic agent in the development of skin cancers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Don’t be afraid to ask friends, family, support groups and your radiation oncology team for help.[southeastradiation.com] CASE SUMMARY: Seven patients with locally advanced skin cancer were seen in the adult oncology unit at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre (QECH), Malawi between[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Although it is known that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) survivors are at risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), there is limited literature on the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Talimogene also appears to improve the immune system’s response to cancer.[cancercare.org] How does skin brachytherapy work?[centrastatecancercenter.com]

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