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8,901 Possible Causes for , Assessment, Head, Muscle, Neck, Neurological, Orthosis, Performance, System, and, of, using

  • Spinal Trauma

    , particularly when the neurologic deficit is incomplete.[nature.com] The patient sits erect with the head straight and is instructed to clasp the hands behind the head above the cervical spine.[chiro.org] Yet a 2001 Cochrane review found that despite increasing use of spinal immobilization, no prospective, randomized controlled trial of the appropriate use of spinal immobilization[mdedge.com] J Neurosurg Spine . 2009 , 11 , 3 : 295 – 303 . 28. , Orthosis versus no orthosis for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurologic injury: a multicenter[academic.oup.com] Are you up to the task of assessing and managing spinal trauma in the emergency department? Questions Q1. Which major trauma patients should have c-spine precautions?[lifeinthefastlane.com] At UPMC, we typically begin treatment with rest, analgesics and muscle-relaxing agents until swelling and pain have subsided.[upmc.com] Spinal decompression is performed by two procedures microdiscectomy and laminectomy.[newwestsportsmedicine.com] “The body’s repair systems are put on hold, circulation to the digestive system is reduced, myofascial circulation is altered, immune system function is compromised, the adrenals[integrativepractitioner.com] This guideline covers the assessment and early management of spinal column and spinal cord injury in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments[nice.org.uk] Sometimes, thoracic fractures can be treated with a TLSO brace (Thoracolumbosacral Orthosis) to limit motion and/or to facilitate healing.[ana-neurosurgery.com]

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  • Torticollis

    Author information 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Veteran's General Hospital Taipei, Taiwan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her family reported that for the past 5 months, she consistently tilted her head to the left while twisting her chin toward the right shoulder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes).[icd9data.com] The orthosis functions to support the head after surgery then slowly adjusts into the proper position.[fillauer.com] She does a great job with providing information on the assessment and treatment of the child with torticollis with evidence based practice in mind!"- Roxana Santaella, PT[educationresourcesinc.com] Selective denervation of this muscle is possible through the same posterior triangle incision used for denervating the sternocleidomastoid muscle of its accessory nerve branches[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Torticollis Torticollis, or wry neck, is a twisted neck.[patient.info] Initial imaging was performed in 48 patients, of whom 44 were identified as having a diagnosis other than torticollis or a significant clinical finding as the indication for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes of nonparoxysmal torticollis include congenital muscular; osseous; central nervous system/peripheral nervous system; ocular; and nonmuscular, soft tissue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: The patient was initially assessed in a teaching clinic of a university medical health center for acute meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Muscle Spasticity

    Tests and Diagnosis Thorough physical and neurological testing from a multidisciplinary team will determine the cause and the extent of the spasticity.[columbiaspine.org] The tibial nerve lay 44.57 /- 5.45% and 56.30 /- 4.73% from the lateral margins of the epicondyle and the fibular head, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Side effects are often seen when using oral drug treatment for spasticity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orthosis/equipment/ aids – an orthosis or splint is an external device designed to apply, distribute or remove forces to or from the body in a controlled manner to control[bjmp.org] The Ashworth Scales are not reliable for the assessment of muscle spasticity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: This study suggests that focal muscle vibration may be an adjuvant therapy during gait rehabilitation in patients with calf muscle spasticity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It can also be helpful in patients suffering from chronic neck and/or lower back pain who have a myofascial component to their pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Effects of object affordances on movement performance: A metaanalysis. Scandinavian J. of Occupational Therapy , 5:83–92.[doi.org] OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of whole-body vibration on spasticity among people with central nervous system disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For treating back or neck pain from muscle spasms, muscle relaxants are typically used on an as-needed, short-term basis.[consumerreports.org]

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  • Congenital Torticollis

    We believe that every child with torticollis, regardless of age, should undergo neurologic and radiologic evaluation before any form of physical treatment is instituted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, group 2 showed superior results to group 1 in terms of the deficits of movement, surgical scarring and degree of head tilt.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Fine-needle aspiration biopsy, used extensively for evaluating head and neck masses in adults, also provides an excellent minimally invasive means of evaluating infants[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our results indicated that in children older than 7 years, surgical release combined with appropriate orthosis and a structured physiotherapy regime can lead to satisfactory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] anatomic basis of the facial asymmetry resulting from untreated congenital muscular torticollis is discussed, and an objective system for both clinical and cephalometric assessment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Absence of the sternocleidomastoid muscle is a rare cause of congenital torticollis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The soft lump in their neck can be self-resolving.[healthhub.sg] Initial imaging was performed in 48 patients, of whom 44 were identified as having a diagnosis other than torticollis or a significant clinical finding as the indication for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No difference was observed in the frequency of referral for further neurological diagnosis between the group with functional asymmetry and that without asymmetry.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pay Per Article - You may access this article (from the computer you are currently using) for 2 days for US 25.00 Regain Access - You can regain access to a recent Pay per[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]

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  • Neck Pain

    It is important to consider spinal DAVFs in the differential diagnosis based on clinical history and neurologic examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Cervical proprioception is a common term used in neck rehabilitation, and it is examined using neutral head position (NHP) and target head position (THP) tests[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] significant validity testing, and in particular, there has been minimal assessment using Item Response Theory.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Assessment; Diagnosis; Dissection; Doppler velocimeter; Neck pain; Neurological tests; Stenosis; Vertebrobasilar insufficiency; stroke[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Pain sensitivity and muscle activity, during arm movements, were assessed in neck pain patients and controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PAIN/ or exp NECK INJURIES/ or exp NECK/ or exp NECK MUSCLES/ or neck.mp.or WAD.mp. or exp WHIPLASH INJURIES/ or whiplash.mp.][bestbets.org] OBJECTIVE: To correlate the range of movement and functional performance of the shoulder with pain measures in inactive individuals with and without neck pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Multiwave locked system (MLS) laser therapy utilizes the synchronized emission of an 808 nm continuous laser and a 905 nm pulsed laser.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, clinical experience shows that patients may also have pain in the head or neck in the weeks after this procedure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This pilot study investigated changes in cervical kinematics between asymptomatic control, NP and VP subjects using a Virtual Reality (VR) system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Vertebral Artery Dissection

    Learn about Ataxia diagnosis, symptoms, causes and treatments at Northwell Health Institute for Neurology and Neurosurgery's Nerve Disorders Center.[northwell.edu] We determined the prevalence of VAD and impact on outcome of patients with head and neck trauma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The association in this case warrants careful consideration because trampoline use could pose a significant risk to pediatric users.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On latest follow-up, the patient is weaning off the thoraco-lumbosacral orthosis and ambulating with a cane.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI was superior for the assessment of wall thickening as an intramural hematoma in 76% of the cases. However, wall thickening was detected in 44% of cases using CBCT-A.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twenty-seven days later, the patient's physical function gradually improved and discharged but still left neurological deficit with muscle strength grade 3/5 and hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the present report we present a case of VAD following neck massage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, presumably imaging was performed within a few days of injury.[doi.org] Dissecting aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar system are a complex entity which requires a rapid and effective treatment to prevent rerupture.[doi.org] Two studies were assessed to be the most robustly designed, one indicating a strong association between stroke and various intensities of neck movement, including manipulation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    The American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale was used as our primary outcome measure to define neurologic impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: To explore the strategy of damage control in clinical treatment of multiple injuries headed by cervical spinal cord injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For participants with low-level tetraplegia, the use of word prediction software with frequency of use and automatic learning activated only decreased the number of errors[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] stabilization with a brace, such as a rigid collar (Miami J) for cervical fractures, a cervical-thoracic brace (Minerva) for upper back fractures, or a thoracolumbar-sacral orthosis[mayfieldclinic.com] We propose that the EPT is a sensitive tool to assess changes in sensory function over time after incomplete cervical SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SIGNIFICANCE: The EIM provides a quick and convenient tool for examination of muscle alterations after SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] LESSONS: This study shows that pain at the neck-to-shoulder area can occur following unexpected causes such as PE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: The Spearman's ρ between predicted and actual total Prehension Performance scores was 0.84.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Now, modest systemic hypothermia can be one of many tools considered in the treatment of acute SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A wrist-hand orthosis (tenodesis splint) can be used to facilitate these abilities.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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  • Essential Tremor

    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences ISSN: 0317-1671 EISSN: 2057-0155 URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-neurological-sciences[doi.org] Why did Katharine Hepburn's head shake? A.[nytimes.com] Practice guidelines advocate the use of propranolol or primidone as first-line agents to treat essential tremor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] McKeown and Carlo Menon , Controlling a motorized orthosis to follow elbow volitional movement: tests with individuals with pathological tremor , Journal of NeuroEngineering[doi.org] […] demonstrate that for practical purposes, such as routine clinical situations and therapeutic trails, the effect of essential tremor upon upper limb function can be usefully assessed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] muscles.[doi.org] A relatively common disorder characterized by a fairly specific pattern of tremors which are most prominent in the upper extremities and neck, inducing titubations of the[curlie.org] The Performance-Based Test was internally consistent (Cronbach alpha .92).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twelve patients with ET and twelve patients with PD were tested to establish system algorithms, and six additional patients were tested with the developed system to evaluate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bain PG, Findley LJ, Atchison P, Behari M, Vidailhet M, Gresty M, Rothwell JC, Thompson PD, Marsden CD (1993) Assessing tremor severity.[doi.org]

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  • Meningitis

    The Current Research tab contains information on current NINDS-supported research on Neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders and basic neuroscience.[ninds.nih.gov] Head to head comparisons in 654 patients showed a higher yield of in-house PCR (32.3%) compared to culture (15.6%, P 0.01).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe the first successful use of the FilmArray MEP assay in detection of N. meningitidis in that context.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We assessed the overall quality of evidence using the GRADE (Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia Fever, cold hands and feet Vomiting Drowsy, difficult to wake Confusion and irritability Severe muscle pain Pale, blotchy[meningitisnow.org] See How Neck Pain and Headache Can Occur Together Stiff neck.[spine-health.com] How Should the Procedure Be Performed?[doi.org] This article reviews the common infectious etiologies of central nervous system infections, especially bacterial meningitis and brain abscess, and their subsequent management[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Topics discussed in the issue will include: Primary vasculitis of the central nervous system; Neurologic manifestations of primary Sjogren Syndrome; Neurologic manifestations[books.google.it] Other tests that may be done include: Blood culture Chest x-ray CT scan of the head Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial meningitis.[nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Cervical Myelopathy

    After decompression surgery of spine and comprehensive rehabilitation, the patient's neurological symptoms subsided and her neurological functions improved leading to a good[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The authors present a rare case of cervical myelopathy caused by dropped head syndrome. This 68-year-old woman presented with her head hanging forward.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of cigarette use may attenuate the benefit of early decompression and results in lower improvement in Nurick score regardless of symptom duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] laminectomy with fusion 3 C4 to C7 laminoplasty with plate fixation 4 Multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion and stabilization 5 Immobilization in a halo orthosis[orthobullets.com] However, the development of multiple techniques for assessing the same feature, such as cord compression, has also resulted in a number of challenges, including introducing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical muscle alterations have been reported in patients with chronic neck pain, but the assessment of cervical muscle morphology has been overlooked[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, as our neck becomes arthritic this curve flattens out (our neck starts to bend forward), and this change in architecture causes the spinal cord to press up against[bonetalks.com] AIMS: In this prospective observational study, we investigated the time-dependent changes and correlations of upper arm performance tests (ten-second test and Simple Test[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other medications that affect the immune system are also sometimes used. Prevention It is difficult to prevent this condition.[uvahealth.com] After surgery, no complication was found, and his neurological function had improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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