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6,364 Possible Causes for , MRI, Thoracic, WO, contrast, left, outlet

  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Thoracic outlet syndrome is a well-described disorder caused by thoracic outlet compression of the brachial plexus and/or the subclavian vessels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI and MR angiography are useful in this process.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Arteriography demonstrated occlusion of the left vertebral artery only when her head was rotated to the left.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This article reviews thoracic outlet anatomy, disorders of the vascular component, and typical imaging findings by contrast-enhanced 3D MRA. Published by Elsevier Inc.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Advances in high-resolution MRI and tractography can confirm an nTOS diagnosis and identify the location of nerve compression, allowing tailored surgical decompression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] evaluation of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) that allows for a separate assessment of veins and arteries while using a single, simultaneous and bilateral (SB-MRA) single contrast[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: WO
  • Radiculopathy

    Southwick WO, Robinson RA. Surgical approaches to the vertebral bodies in the cervical and lumbar regions. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1957;39:631. White AA, Panjabi MM.[uscspine.com] However, thoracic OLF rarely causes radiculopathy. We report a rare case of thoracic radiculopathy caused by OLF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: Cervical spine injury, stinger/burner, peripheral nerve injury, spinal cord injury, thoracic outlet syndrome, brachial plexus radiculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Para-sagittal CT and MRI, rotational dynamic CT, and nerve root block were effective for diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 57-year-old woman presented with a fever and left-sided hip and back pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After the initial examination, the diagnosis of lumbar radiculopathy can be supported by electrodiagnosis, MRI, CT scans, and/or contrast myelography.[aanem.org]

  • Double Outlet Right Ventricle

    Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jan;99(1):312-4. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.02.074.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Echocardiography and other imaging studies of the heart and major vessels are used to confirm double outlet right ventricle.[symptoma.com] METHODS: From April to September 2015, six consecutive patients with DORV and remote VSD underwent CT/MRI scans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We describe a rare case of anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta with concomitant double-outlet right ventricle in a 2-year-old boy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In contrast to other major congenital heart defects, there are no systematic or comprehensive data regarding associations, aetiologies, and pathogenesis of DORV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this report, we present our experience with double outlet right ventricle with unilateral absence of left pulmonary artery in a 3-year-old female patient who underwent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: WO
  • Spinal Trauma

    Clin Orthop 1975; 109:85–95White, AA Johnson, RM Panjabi, MM Southwick, WO Johnson RM, Wolf JW: Stability, The Cervical Spine.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] Fracture-dislocations of the thoracic and lumbar spine are caused by very high-energy trauma.[orthoinfo.aaos.org] Several cervicotrhoracic syndromes fall in the class of neurovascular compression syndromes (also termed thoracic outlet or inlet syndromes), each of which may produce the[chiro.org] This article will review the use of MRI in acute spinal trauma.[appliedradiology.com] The global muscular strength of the left extensors was measured at 3/5. The right tibialis anterior muscle strength was measured at 2/5.[nature.com] […] adequately assessed with CT for surgical decision making by spine surgeons [ 1 ], due to its increased availability in the emergency settings and its inherently superior contrast[bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com]

  • Dysphagia Lusoria

    Steward JR, Kincaid WO, Edwards JE: An atlas of vascular rings and related malformations of the aortic arch.[link.springer.com] Abstract The case of a 36-year-old man with simultaneous dysphagia lusoria and thoracic outlet syndrome is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The exact location and course of ligamentum arteriosum have never been depicted by MRI in previously reported cases.[dx.doi.org] Figure 2: Postoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan.[dx.doi.org] However, this paralysis has also been attributed to other cardiovascular pathologies, such as thoracic aortic aneurysms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 47-year-old female with symptoms of progressive dysphagia diagnosed with dysphagia lusoria using barium swallow and contrast computed tomography and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients after AVSD correction and 25 controls underwent 4DFlow MRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even when the preoperative end-diastolic left ventricular volume is small, if the left ventricle chamber is at the apex, then the left ventricular performance can be expected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We hypothesised that, in contrast to those patients with an atrioventricular septal defect and common atrioventricular junction permitting only atrial shunting, those associated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cooper WO, Hernandez-Diaz S, Arbogast PG, et al. Major congenital malformations after first-trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors.[emedicine.medscape.com] Copyright 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The combination of double outlet right ventricle (DORV) and complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD) remains a surgical challenge for anatomical repair.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chest Trauma

    Wagner RB, Crawford Jr WO, Schimpf PP. Classification of parenchymal injuries of the lung. Radiology. 1988;167(1):77–82. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 60.[link.springer.com] RESULTS: Thoracic injuries were found in 97 (37.3%) patients following routine TCT. In 53 (20%) patients, thoracic injuries were found by selective CT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . • Thoracic Outlet… Connects thoracic cavity with the Abdomen. Closed by Diaphragm. 5. Thoracic Wall Posteriorly… Thoracic vertebrae 12.[slideshare.net] Patients in the control group all had normal MRI scans.[appliedradiology.com] The treatment was late myocardial revascularization with in situ left internal thoracic artery-to-left anterior descending coronary artery anastomosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A follow-up TTE with contrast ultrasonography revealed pericardial rupture in addition to tricuspid regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastric Volvulus

    […] upper     abdomen, multiple air fluid levels, Barium contrast studies :sensitive and specific Upper GI Endoscopy: both diagnostic and therapeutic USG CT scan abdomen and MRI[slideshare.net] The abdominal organs (stomach, spleen, splenic flexure of the colon) were in the left thorax and the entire left hemidiaphragm was absent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The upper GI contrast study was suggestive of gastric volvulus. The patient was operated and gastropexy was done.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Mar;89(3):e15-6. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2009.12.026.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Supine abdominal image shows a mesenteroaxial volvulus with gastric outlet obstruction.[emedicine.com] An electroencephalogram showed normal electrical activity and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was negative.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

    Missing: WO
  • Thoracic Duct Obstruction

    Each organ system chapter demonstrates imaging techniques, normal CT/MRI anatomy, and pathologic findings.[books.google.com] Abstract A case is presented in which intermittent swelling of the face, left upper limb and both lower limbs was associated with steatorrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In contrast, disease above this level usually leads to a left–sided effusion. 3. DURING DIGESTION THE THORACIC DUCT IS DISTENDED WITH CHYLE.[usmleforum.com] […] imaging (MRI) angiography performed with the patient with both arms raised above the head demonstrated a thoracic outlet syndrome with segmental occlusion (arrow) of the left[academic.oup.com] The technique consists in inserting the catheter in the cisterna, and then the thoracic duct is opacify with nonionic contrast medium.[austinpublishinggroup.com] It drains lymph from both lower limbs, abdomen (except the convex area of the liver ), left hemithorax, left upper limb and left face and neck.[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: WO
  • Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava

    CONCLUSION: Congenital anomalies of thoracic veins may complicate lead placement on the appropriate and stable position.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common concomitant CHD were ventricular septal defect, double outlet right ventricle (DORV), and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This finding was confirmed by cardiac MRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Persistent left superior vena cava Superior vena cava(on left) In anatomy , a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common variation of the thoracic venous[en.wikipedia.org] After admission, our patient experienced 2 new episodes of TIA while being injected with agitated saline contrast through the left arm, producing echocardiographic images[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The high incidence group included coarctation of the aorta (CoA) (23.7%) and double outlet right ventricle (DORV) patients (24.6%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: WO