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80 Possible Causes for 3-4-Hz Spike and Multispike-and-Slow-Waves, 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI, Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[reference.medscape.com] T2 weighted brain MRI shows an ”eye of the tigersign corresponding to pallidal hypointensity with a high signal center.[neuroweb.us] […] cortical spikes detected by the jerk-locked back-averaging) ( Ikeda et al., 1990 ).[academic.oup.com]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    premyoclonus spikes Hand tremor Neuronal loss in central nervous system Cutaneous photosensitivity Hyperreflexia Heterogeneous Weight loss Dystonia Splenomegaly Thrombocytopenia[mendelian.co] […] callosum Muscular hypotonia Infantile onset Intellectual disability, moderate Intention tremor Progressive neurologic deterioration Absence seizures Nevus EEG abnormality Jerk-locked[mendelian.co]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI
  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Iron deposition in conjunction with destruction of the globus pallidus gives rise to the characteristic eye-of-the-tiger sign in MRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the tiger" sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It has been postulated that pantothenate kinase 2 mutations underlying all cases of classic Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome are always associated with the eye-of-the-tiger sign[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: 3-4-Hz Spike and Multispike-and-Slow-Waves Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Absence Seizure

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[emedicine.com]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Epilepsy

    Focal cortical dysplasia is a common cause of medically refractory epilepsy in infancy and childhood. We report a neonate with seizures occurring within the first day of life. Continuous video-EEG monitoring led to detection of left motor seizures and a right frontal EEG seizure pattern. Brain MRI revealed a lesion[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Childhood Absence Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic–clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 34Hz spike and multispikeslow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[doi.org]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Full‐Length Original Research Corresponding Author E-mail address: marsyv@vestreviken.no Department of Neurology, Drammen Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Drammen, Norway Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo,[…][doi.org]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • West Syndrome

    2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 345.6 Infantile spasms There are 2 ICD-9-CM codes below 345.6 that define this diagnosis in greater detail. Do not use this code on a reimbursement claim. Clinical Information A rare autosomal recessive inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the pla2g6 gene. It is[…][icd9data.com]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[reference.medscape.com]

    Missing: 'Eye of the Tiger' Sign on MRI Jerk-Locked Premyoclonus Spikes