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113 Possible Causes for 3-4-Hz Spike and Multispike-and-Slow-Waves, Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The most common signs and symptoms in descending order are: asymmetric limb rigidity (100%), upper limb apraxia (91%), gait difficulties (89%), stimulation-sensitive focal[neuroweb.us] Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[reference.medscape.com] […] myoclonus (88%), eye movement abnormalities (particularly in later stages supranuclear horizontal or vertical gaze saccadic palsy) (78%), limb dystonia (77%), pyramidal signs[neuroweb.us]

  • Absence Seizure

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[emedicine.com]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Epilepsy

    Jerome Engel, Timothy A. Pedley, Jean Aicardi Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008 - 3056 Seiten Written and edited by world-renowned authorities, this three-volume work is, to quote a reviewer, "the definitive textbook about seizures and epilepsy". This Second Edition is thoroughly updated and gives you a complete print[…][books.google.com]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Childhood Absence Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic–clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 34Hz spike and multispikeslow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[doi.org]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy mainly characterized by myoclonic jerks, but affected individuals may also experience generalized tonic-clonic seizures and absence seizures. Symptom onset typically occurs around puberty and although the disease persists into adulthood, patients do respond[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • West Syndrome

    IARS2 encodes isoleucine-tRNA synthetase, which is aclass-1 amino acyl-tRNA synthetase. IARS2 mutations are reported to cause Leigh syndrome or cataracts, growth hormone deficiency, sensory neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and skeletal dysphasia syndrome (CAGSSS). To our knowledge, IARS2 mutations and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[reference.medscape.com]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb
  • Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy

    Abstract The EEG of 38 patients suffering from primary generalized myoclonic astatic epilepsy since early childhood is studied in late stages of the disease. Spectral analysis shows that parietal 4-7 cps rhythms (theta rhythms) which are typical of the EEG in the early stages of the disorder can still exist in the[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Focal Dystonia - Upper Limb

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