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20 Possible Causes for 3-4 Hz Spikes, Apnea, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to 8 years of age, in an otherwise apparently healthy child. 3 The classic electroencephalogram (EEG) shows generalized spike-wave bursts (of 3 Hz) with normal background[doi.org]

  • Absence Seizure

    In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[thebarrow.org] Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[mayoclinic.com] In electroencephalography (EEG), generalized 3-4 Hz spike and slow wave complexes indicate an absence seizure.[symptoma.com]

  • Generalized Motor Seizure

    Movements of hands, like wringing, playing with buttons or objects in hands, waving Non-purposeful movements, called automatisms, involve the face, arms or legs, such as lip[epilepsytalk.com] But there is mental illness in my family as well as sleep apnea. I took Dilantin, then Phenytoin, then Tegretol for my seizures.[epilepsy.com] The EEG usually shows asymptomatic 3 to 4 Hz generalized spike/polyspike discharges, but often video-EEG after partial sleep deprivation with recording in sleep and awakening[medlink.com]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ., fumbling, lip smacking , chewing, swallowing) Confusion Anterograde amnesia Aphasia Fatigue , possibly short phase of coma Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache[amboss.com] As an infant, he experienced periods of apnea that resolved at 6 months of age. He has a history of developmental delay and ataxia.[clinicaladvisor.com] The EEG shows generalised spike and wave discharges of 3 to 4 Hz and some with photic sensitivity. This is potentially a lifelong epilepsy.[pennsw.com.au]

  • Neonatal Seizures

    smacking etc. c) Limb movements - cycling, paddling, boxing etc. d) Autonomic phenomena-tachycardia or bradycardia. e) Apnea may be a rare manifestation of seizure. 10.[slideshare.net] At 2 days, he began to have frequent episodes of apnea accompanied with generalized tonic posture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the lips, excessive drooling, bicycling movements in the lower extremities, swimming or rowing movements in the upper extremities, and apnea.[injuryfrombirth.com]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    A multidisciplinary team of leading authorities presents the latest on sleep breathing disorders (including obstructive sleep apnea), neuropharmacology, parasomnias, neurologic[books.google.de] […] for a few tens of seconds epigastric aura, déjà-vu, etc. ② complex partial seizure : lasts for a few minutes unaware of surroundings motionless stare automatisms (such as lip[uoeh-neurology.org] Her EEG showed 34 Hz spike and wave discharges. She had a daughter with childhood absence epilepsy, and two sisters and a cousin with seizures (fig 2 , family 1).[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Early Myoclonic Encephalopathy

    smacking.[uoflphysicians.com] When associated with electro-clinical features, progressive lethargy and hypotonia occur in the first days of life, progressing to apnea and often death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A male infant started to exhibit erratic myoclonus several days after birth and apnea attacks lasting for seconds with desaturation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Jacksonian Seizure

    An example of a focal ( partial ) seizure would be rhythmic muscle contractions in one area of the body: lip smacking, mouth movements , drooling, head turning, eye movements[biology-online.org] I have known people who sleep alot during the day to have sleep apnea and develop seizures from lack of oxygen during the night...[healthquestions.medhelp.org] In absence seizures, spikes and slow waves appear at a rate of 3/sec.[meta-religion.com]

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    Outward signs of a child who is experiencing this type of epilepsy include making strange faces, swallowing, lip-smacking, chewing and muttering while being apparently awake[web.archive.org] The VNS has few side effects but it can cause dysphagia , increased drooling, or exacerbation of obstructive sleep apnea.[childneurologyfoundation.org] Hz theta and G PSW Rarely M Dravet/SIME Febrile, other seizures at 2–3 years Slow with irregular spike wave Rare Rare Yes M AA GTC Focal West Usually Hypsarrhythmia Yes Yes[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

  • Postictal State

    smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com] 4-Hz spike and wave discharges Myoclonic Patients can present with quick and repetitive jerks Tonic-clonic Typically begins with a tonic phase contraction of all muscles for[medbullets.com]

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