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359 Possible Causes for 3-4 Hz Spikes, Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia, Parietal Focal Spikes

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    […] childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spike -childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms Generalized epilepsies & synd.[enotes.tripod.com] hypoplasia-hydranencephaly syndrome Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, mild type Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency[orpha.net] Childhood absence epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispike-slow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[reference.medscape.com]

  • West Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed mild cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, high-signal-intensity areas in the white matter, and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    […] to 8 years of age, in an otherwise apparently healthy child. 3 The classic electroencephalogram (EEG) shows generalized spike-wave bursts (of 3 Hz) with normal background[doi.org] Hz Spike and Wave Discharges, Epilepsia, 31, 5, (557-566), (2007).[doi.org] […] childhood-onset epilepsy, making it the most common form of pediatric epilepsy. 1,2 The syndrome is characterized by daily frequent but brief staring spells, typically beginning at 4[doi.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    The EEG shows generalised spike and wave discharges of 3 to 4 Hz and some with photic sensitivity. This is potentially a lifelong epilepsy.[pennsw.com.au]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) in JME shows interictal epileptiform discharges such as generalized spikes, polyspikes, bilateral-synchronous 4-6/s spike-wave complexes[go.galegroup.com] Myoclonic jerks appear to be time-locked to generalized 3-5 Hz spike-and wave complexes [8]. Photoparoxysmal response was seen in 40% of patients.[go.galegroup.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    4 Hz spikes and waves in all regions of the brain 1 st -line : valproic acid Avoid triggers : sleep deprivation, alcohol, drugs, flickering lights 60% are seizure -free under[amboss.com] Her EEG showed 34 Hz spike and wave discharges. She had a daughter with childhood absence epilepsy, and two sisters and a cousin with seizures (fig 2 , family 1).[jnnp.bmj.com] The EEG usually shows asymptomatic 3 to 4 Hz generalized spike/polyspike discharges, but often video-EEG after partial sleep deprivation with recording in sleep and awakening[medlink.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Diagnostic methods Diagnosis relies on the clinical features and on electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded awake and during sleep, that displays a generalized 3-4 Hz spike-and-slow-wave[orpha.net] Generalized 3-4 Hz spike or polyspike slow-wave complexes. Neuro Imaging: Not usually required. Mainly from other IGEs such as CAE or Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME).[pennsw.com.au] Childhood absence epilepsy with tonicclonic seizures and electroencephalogram 3-4-Hz spike and multispikeslow wave complexes: linkage to chromosome 8q24.[books.google.es]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia

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