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  • Meningioma

    In this operative video, the author demonstrates the extended middle fossa approach with anterior petrosectomy to resect an upper petroclival meningioma extending into Meckel's[] Abbreviations FLAIR fluid-attenuated inversion recovery Cyproterone acetate is a synthetic progestin with a powerful antiandrogen property, which is indicated for the treatment[] BACKGROUND: Falcotentorial meningiomas (FTM) stand out for their rarity, inconsistent definition, and surgical complexity.[] In subsequent magnetic resonance images, the mass grew to the posterior nasopharyngeal wall, and compression to the medulla, and a suspicious enhancement of both distal vertebral[] Brain tumors have more than 120 different types, according to the National Brain Tumor Society.[] We present the case of a dyslipidemic male patient, previously diagnosed with coronary artery disease for which he previously underwent percutaneous coronary intervention[] posterior approach.[] Adeberg S 1, 2, 3, 4 , Harrabi SB 5, 6, 7, 8 , Verma V 9 , Bernhardt D 5, 7, 8 , Grau N 5, 8 , Debus J 5, 6, 7, 8 , Rieken S 5, 7, 8 .[] For the past five years, UT Southwestern Medical Center neurosurgeons have operated on more than 60 meningioma patients per year.[] The thoracic spine was the predominant site (38.09%), followed by the cervical spine (33.33%).[]

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  • Methylene Blue

    Four of the nodules were located on the left (2 upper lobes, 2 lower lobes), and seven of them were on the right (four lower lobes, two upper lobes, one middle lobe).[] Methylene blue was the first synthetic drug ever used in medicine, having been used to treat clinical pain syndromes, malaria, and psychotic disorders more than one century[] The purpose of this study was (1) to assess methylene blue-guided surgical debridement as a novel technique in PJI using quantitative microbiology and (2) to evaluate clinical[] The present research has indicated that the development of this formulation for the control of MB aggregations may result in more effective clinical protocols.[] For some, the use of total parenteral nutrition with insertion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tubes is the only alternative.[] […] this study was to investigate the effects of methylene blue (MB) on preventing postoperative pain and improving QOL in patients with throracolumbar fractures undergoing posterior[] J Clin Anesth. 2012 Jun;24(4):324-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2011.10.010.[] Are you planning to see a doctor about switching your medication?[] Copyright 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[] Recently, methylene blue dye has been advocated as a safe, efficacious and cost-effective substitute for isosulfan blue in sentinel lymph node mapping.[]

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  • Fusobacterium Nucleatum

    CASE: A woman with pregnancy-associated gingivitis experienced an upper respiratory tract infection at term, followed by stillbirth a few days later.[] A synthetic peptide derived from this region of E-cadherin abolishes FadA-induced CRC cell growth and oncogenic and inflammatory responses.[] Pathology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. 7 Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology and Science, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine[] Her back pain was diagnosed as vertebral osteomyelitis. Magnetic resonance images of the lumbar spine revealed decreased T2 signal in the L3 and L4 vertebral bodies.[] […] is a strictly anaerobic, Gram negative bacterial species that has been associated with dental infections, pre-term labor, appendicitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and, more[] The infectious nature of the lung nodule was disclosed by ultrasound-guided percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) with Liu's stain.[] Immunol Cell Biol. 2013 Sep;91(8):503-10. doi: 10.1038/icb.2013.35. Epub 2013 Jul 30.[] , Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.[] Abstract Actinomyces spp. are considered rare pathogens in today's medicine, especially with thoracic vertebral involvement.[] Cysteine-to-alanine substitution abrogated FAD-I's ability to induce hBD-2.[]

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  • Irrigation

    Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, performed at a local hospital, showed 2 gastric bezoars in the stomach, and 1 of them impacted at the pylorus.[] Abstract Surgical site infections (SSI) are common complications after open ventral hernia repair (OVHR), potentially requiring further intervention.[] […] present a modification of this technique, which they call "apical laminectomies" to allow for irrigation and drainage of an extensive SEA spanning the entire length of the vertebral[] This became more difficult and took more than 2 h three times a week with reflex stimulation after a chlysma.[] OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic debridement and irrigation for thoracic infections and to make an appropriate choice according[] PURPOSE: To study the effect of capsular bag irrigation of trypan blue dye (0.06%) on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in eyes undergoing phacoemulsification.[] Microsurgery. 2011 Nov;31(8):655-8. doi: 10.1002/micr.20932. Epub 2011 Sep 14.[] Meta-regression revealed that region and class of irrigation medication completely explained the variance among studies and implied that effects of region were masked by medication[] RESULTS: The duration of treatment was 15 days in the first group, with 7 device's substitutions, while in the second group it was about 10 days with 4 substitutions At the[] Arthroscopy was performed in the lateral decubitus position without traction to debride the peripheral joint compartment. The irrigation pressure was set at 40 mm Hg.[]

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  • Bacteroides Fragilis

    Abstract A case is reported of Bacteroides fragilis bacteremia from an obstructed upper urinary tract.[] We found that the mature 76-amino-acid synthetic protein has very potent activity, confirming that BfUbb mediates the activity.[] Approximately 500,000 cardiac surgical procedures are performed annually in the United States at a cost exceeding five billion dollars ( 1 ).[] STUDY DESIGN: A case report of anaerobic vertebral osteomyelitis after anal dilatation.[] Moxifloxacin was more active than the two carbapenems in monocultures and mixed cultures, reducing the numbers of CFU more drastically and more rapidly.[] STUDY DESIGN: A case report of anaerobic vertebral osteomyelitis after percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis.[] The endophthalmitis presented in a 95-year-old man following extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.[] […] a systemic predisposing factor for infection; the most common associated illness was rheumatoid arthritis (8 patients).[] Considering taking medication to treat skin infection due to bacteroides fragilis bacteria?[] The case of a 66-year-old man with an intramedullary spinal cord abscess complicating thoracic spondylodiscitis is presented.[]

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  • Fracture

    KEYWORDS: geriatric; neck of femur fracture; perioperative; upper gastrointestinal bleeding[] […] consist of any of the following: • exploration of fracture site and repositioning of bone • release of trapped tissue from fracture site • covering of fracture site with synthetic[] Surgical treatment is often recommended with different techniques such as tension band fixation or lag screws stabilization.[] Some patients with vertebral fractures report that they felt no back pain or other symptoms.[] There were 64 confirmed infected nonunions (one or more confirmatory criteria: pus, sinus, and bacterial growth in two or more samples), 66 aseptic nonunions (no confirmatory[] He was treated with emergent percutaneous fixation of the fracture segment without interbody or posterolateral fusion.[] Abstract Talus fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process is rare.[] The prevalence of TDI in 8 to 10-year-old schoolchildren was 14% but only 2.8% of other trauma/trauma sequelae.[] Passion for medical informatics and medical education/textbooks .[] Low-dose thoracic CT was feasible for the auxiliary diagnosis of rib fractures using Bone Reading software (P   .05).[]

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  • Eikenella Corrodens

    Abstract Eikenella corrodens is part of the normal flora of the mouth and upper respiratory tract and is usually associated with dental and head and neck infections.[] Specifically, 16 of the 20 patients with successful recovery had undergone 1 surgical procedure.[] […] and physical examination, radiographs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and open biopsy of the L3 vertebral body.[] This phenomenon was more frequently observed for strains isolated from patients with chronic periodontitis (36.4%), than those from healthy subjects (20.6%) and those with[] Therefore echo-guided percutaneous drainage with pigtail catheter was installed. Fever subsided 5 days later.[] A 72-yr-old man came to the hospital with pain in his posterior neck and both shoulders for 2 months. He also was experiencing weakness on his right side for 3 days.[] In a reverse transcriptase PCR, significant interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-6 mRNA levels were induced in response to exposure to this bacterium.[] Author information 1 Department of Medicine/Division of Dermatology, Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at Camden, USA.[] A bulging thoracic subcutaneous lesion waxes and wanes with respiration suggest the possibility of a pleruo-cutaneous fistula.[] In a few cases, Arachnia species were substituted for Actinomyces and gram-negative anaerobes for E corrodens.[]

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  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

    […] revealed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sepsis treated with intravenous vancomycin, and incision and drainage of abscesses at multiple sites (left parotid region, upper[] Patients referred from other hospitals, patients transferred from the surgical acute care unit, patients that had a surgical procedure within 3 months before admission, and[] Abstract BACKGROUND Native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO) is a common form of hematogenous osteomyelitis, with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) being the most commonly isolated[] Ultimately, 98% of patients with 1 or no risk factors had non-MRSA and 96% of patients with MRSA septic arthritis had 2 or more positive risk factors.[] However, it can be managed effectively with percutaneous catheter drainage and appropriate antibiotic therapy.[] Yunde A 1 , Inage K 2 , Orita S 3 , Yamauchi K 4 , Suzuki M 5 , Sakuma Y 6 , Kubota G 7 , Oikawa Y 8 , Sainoh T 9 , Sato J 10 , Fujimoto K 11 , Shiga Y 12 , Abe K 13 , Kanamoto[] CONCLUSIONS: Escherichia coli and MRSA are major pathogens of medical device-related infections.[] She developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and was found to have osteomyelitis on her thoracic spine level 7.[] Thirteen diverse RpoB amino acid substitutions were identified. Half of the strains harbored the H481N substitution, conferring low-level resistance.[] KEYWORDS: Bone; MRSA; Osteomyelitis; Prosthetic joint; Telavancin[]

    Missing: @ @ @ @ @ @ Endoscopic Posterior Synthetic and or
  • Lidocaine

    These findings should be kept in mind before administering topical anesthesia of the upper airway.[] A previously developed formulation showed a promising drug release profile in synthetic phosphate-buffered saline (PBS).[] procedures were included.[] Abstract Paravertebral block (PVB) is the technique of injecting a local anesthetic solution alongside the vertebral column, close to where the spinal nerves emerge, resulting[] NA: Information not available. more...[] Combined with the findings on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging, this episode was interpreted as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.[] No differences were detected in pain by mean FLACC score between intervention (8; 95% confidence interval, 7-9) and control (9; 95% confidence interval, 8-10) groups.[] No images are available for this medication.[] An 80-year-old female diagnosed with PHN presented with severe left intercostal allodynia and hyperalgesia up to the root of the fourth to tenth thoracic dermatome.[] CONCLUSIONS: The local 40 mg of 10% LS can be used to substitute for PB for pain control during LEEP of the cervix. It also resulted in fewer adverse effects.[]

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  • Cauda Equina Syndrome

    They are common in lower lumbar lesions but rare in upper lumbar lesions.[] […] and find a better surgical method for the disease.[] CONCLUSION: Steel bar penetrating injury of rectum and vertebral body can be severe and cause complex injuries.[] Keep reading to learn what symptoms the condition causes, how it’s managed, and more. CES symptoms can take a long time to develop and may vary in severity.[] KEYWORDS: Cauda equina syndrome; Endoscope; Lumbar disc herniation; Percutaneous discectomy[] […] circumstances of a patient with a cauda equina syndrome due to the development of a lumbar subdural CSF collection with ventral displacement of the cauda equina shortly following posterior[] INTERVENTIONS: The patient received the following emergent treatment: 75 mg pregabalin (oral) every 12 hours, 20 mg (8 drops) tramadol (oral) every 8 hours, and 4 mg dexamethasone[] When medical emergencies occur, most Americans have little choice but to place a great deal of trust in the training, knowledge and competence of the medical professionals[] A lateral horn is also present at thoracic and upper lumbar levels, containing autonomic neurones [6] .[] It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.[]

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