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  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    This is a unique case of an anomalous artery and its accompanying vein causing direct compression to the upper brachial plexus causing TOS.[] […] embolectomy, systemic anticoagulation endovascular stent placement mild stenotic disease vascular resection /- primary repair, /- saphenous vein graft, /- arterial autograft, /- synthetic[] Arteriography demonstrated occlusion of the left vertebral artery only when her head was rotated to the left.[] This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes and compares the outcomes and major complications of the surgical procedures for the 3 types of TOS: arterial, venous,[] Abstract Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) describes a variety of symptoms caused by the compression of the neurovascular structures in the cervicoaxillary region as they leave[] OBJECTIVE: To attempt to clearly define anatomical anomalies causing TOS.[] Abstract The Nuss procedure is a minimally invasive surgical repair technique for pectus excavatum with fewer delayed complications compared to open procedures.[] Diagnosis Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome is diagnosed by physical examination, with supplemental imaging studies obtained at times, to confirm the diagnosis.[] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[] Find a vascular specialist near you The information contained on is not intended, and should not be relied upon, as a substitute for medical advice or treatment[]

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  • Sinusitis

    BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), including the common cold and rhinosinusitis, are common afflictions that cause discomfort and debilitation and[] More and more I find persons are allergic to certain man-made fibers and synthetic products.[] Image studies show complete opacification of the left frontal sinus, left sphenoid sinus, and the left maxillary sinus.[] CONCLUSIONS: This novel method shows promise as a safe and reliable surgical procedure for patients with invasive fungal sinusitis infiltrating into the orbit, with no postoperative[] OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the first case of invasive fungal sinusitis caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum occurring in a young immunocompetent patient from a non-endemic region[] The coexistence of anatomic variations with sinusitis was statistically investigated.[] Cilia move mucus to the opening of the sinuses into the nose. Unfortunately that opening is located at the top of the sinuses.[] Sinusitis" as a supplement to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.[] Most sinus infections can be cured with self-care measures and medical treatment.[] Common pathogens Images Disclaimer The authors make no claims of the accuracy of the information contained herein; and these suggested doses are not a substitute for clinical[]

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  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome

    He subsequently underwent staged left upper extremity arterial thromboembolectomy followed by definitive revascularization via carotid-subclavian bypass.[] In our patient, we preferred carotico-subclavian bypass with a synthetic Dacron graft, because this technique is more suitable for an elderly patient.[] Of note, he had undergone coronary bypass surgery 12 years earlier utilising the left internal mammary artery.[] PURPOSE: To analyze the immediate and long-term outcomes of endovascular stenting vs. extrathoracic surgical bypass for subclavian steal syndrome.[] Identification of the myocardial ischemic region is crucial because it guides revascularization interventions to improve symptoms and myocardial ischemia.[] The role of hybrid therapy, angioplasty and extra-anatomical bypass grafting for revascularization of symptomatic ischemia in this disease is reviewed.[] A number of open surgical techniques exist for management of subclavian artery stenosis, although a paradigm shift in the 21st century has led to the introduction of minimally[] […] occlusion of the mid-right coronary artery with right dominance, patent LIMA to mid-LAD and patent saphenous venous graft to posterior descending artery grafts (Figure 3) (Supplemental[] , Harvard Medical School Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical[] The patient was put on heparin that was substituted by warfarin to prevent cardiogenic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation and mitral valvopathy.[]

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  • Humerus Fracture

    Contusions A biceps contusion is a bruising of the Biceps Brachii muscle in the upper arm.[] Oblique cuts were made in synthetic humeri at the level of the coronoid and olecranon fossae to simulate a humeral supracondylar fracture with coronal medial obliquity.[] He fell from bicycle and injured his left shoulder region. X-ray revealed mildly displaced fracture of the surgical neck of left humerus.[] […] treatment, avoiding surgical complications and decreasing the hospital stay.[] Patients were grouped according to anesthesia type: regional interscalene brachial plexus block, with or without general anesthesia, or general anesthesia alone.[] We hypothesized that anatomic reconstruction with 3-D models would be anatomically accurate and reproducible.[] When in doubt there should be no hesitation to perform open surgery and vascular repair.[] In this Supplemental Digital Content 1 (see video, ), we discuss the care of a 63-year-old active, healthy female with a 2-part PHF.[] The risk is highest for complications in patients with multiple-part fracture types and those with medical comorbidities that disrupt bone healing.[] INTRODUCTION: Conservative treatment is exceptional in fracture of the distal extremity of the humerus in patients over 65 years of age.[]

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  • Radiculopathy

    Centre, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. [email protected] Abstract This report describes the case of an elderly gentleman who presented with sudden onset bilateral upper[] A related procedure is an artificial disc replacement, in which a damaged cervical disc is replaced with a synthetic disc, and the vertebrae are not fused.[] Abstract A 57-year-old woman presented with a fever and left-sided hip and back pain.[] There are three surgical procedures commonly performed to treat cervical radiculopathy.[] region M54.12 …… cervical region M54.13 …… cervicothoracic region M54.14 …… thoracic region M54.15 …… thoracolumbar region M54.17 …… lumbosacral region M54.18 …… sacral and[] Athletic trainers and physicians need to be aware of the anatomic variations of the brachial plexus when evaluating and caring for patients with suspected brachial plexus[] Open resection of the ganglion via surgical hip subluxation was performed.[] Muscle relaxants can be used as supplemental treatment.[] In the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) December 8, 2018 issue ( 3 ), editors provided a 2018 update of “medical overuse”, that is medical treatments that[] Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) was recently noted as a substitute for glucocorticoids.[]

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  • Shoulder Fracture

    […] arm ( ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S48 S48 Traumatic amputation of shoulder and upper ar...[] Simultaneous treatment of both the shoulders by 2 different surgical teams in bilateral shoulder fracture dislocations that need surgical treatment has the advantages of reduced[] The majority of all fractures within these regions can be corrected with a brace or sling.[] The Anatomical Shoulder Fracture System treats complex 3- and 4-part fractures of the proximal humerus.[] 812.11 Fracture of surgical neck of humerus open 812.12 Fracture of anatomical neck of humerus open 812.13 Fracture of greater tuberosity of humerus open 812.19 Other open[] Eat a balanced diet that includes the recommended amount of calcium, and consider taking supplements that provide nutrients for bone-building.[] The risk is highest for complications in patients with multiple-part fracture types and those with medical comorbidities that disrupt bone healing.[] […] our website is for educational purposes only . the information provided is not a substitution for seeing a medical doctor. for the treatment of a medical condition, see your[] It is important that you not try to use the broken arm. Moving a broken arm would also cause more damage to blood vessels, nerves and other tissues.[] Postoperatively active (A) and passive (P) ranges of motion (ROMs) were restricted extremely in the right and left shoulder respectively.[]

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  • Elbow Fracture

    Fractures of the Upper Forearm (Radial Head Fractures) Upper forearm fractures can occur in the top (head) of the larger forearm bone (radius), which is part of the elbow[] The graft can be obtained from another area of your or a donor’s body or synthetic bonegraft can be used.[] We describe a 40 year old lady involved in a polytrauma who had head injury, pnuemothorax and an open fracture dislocation of the left elbow.[] Forty-eight of 1320 patients (4%) had a surgical site infection develop. Thirty-four of 1113 patients with a closed fracture (3%) had a surgical site infection develop.[] Patients with elbow injury receiving radiographs and meeting enrollment criteria were enrolled between June 2006 and March 2007 at 4 emergency departments in the local region[] Anatomic fixation of all injury components and avoidance of complications where possible can lead to a good outcome in these challenging injuries.[] What is elbow fracture open reduction and internal fixation? Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a type of surgery used to stabilize and heal a broken bone.[] Failure of the fracture to unite is uncommon (5% of cases) and is usually fixable with further surgery (with or without supplemental bone grafting).[] A fracture may also be the result of a medical condition that causes weak or brittle bones. What are the symptoms?[] Full Medical Disclaimer “The materials on this website are not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.[]

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  • Coarctation of the Aorta

    She presented with haemoptysis, and imaging confirmed an aneurysm of the Dacron graft at the proximal anastomosis with the aorta, eroding into the right upper lobe, as well[] In older persons, either the constricted section of artery is replaced with a section of tubing made from a synthetic fibre such as Dacron , or the defect is left but is bypassed[] Congenital left ventricular diverticulum (LVD) is a rare abnormality of the myocardium which has been detected previously in the fetus.[] Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during surgical procedures on the thoracoabdominal aorta. IV. Clinical observations and results.[] Levels at different focal regions were compared to the conventional measure of average circumferential shear stress to enable localized quantification of coarctation-induced[] We performed extra-anatomic bypass from the ascending aorta to the descending thoracic aorta through a median sternotomy and incision in the posterior pericardium.[] KEYWORDS: blood loss; cardiac anesthesia; cardiac surgery; cardiopulmonary bypass surgery; children; congenital heart disease; hemorrhage; postoperative care; thoracic surgery Supplemental[] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[] Acta Horticulturae 756: 251-258, 2007 The effect of substituted amides of pyrazine-2-carboxylic acids on flavonolignan production in Silybum marianum culture in vitro .[] A trend to increasing systolic blood pressure (SBP) differentials between the right and left arms was noted (11 mmHg [prior to]; 16 mmHg [follow-up], p   0.09).[]

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  • Lymphedema

    Purpose: To examine the effect of a progressive upper-body exercise program on lymphedema secondary to breast cancer treatment.[] Don’t negate these positive effects by wearing tight pants or synthetic panties. In hot and humid weather, skirts and cotton panties (or none!) are the way to go.[] […] arm ratios between left- and right-handers.[] We review the efficacy and limitations of these contemporary surgical procedures for lymphedema.[] […] transferred it to the left groin region.[] Lateral-based scrotal flaps (with or without mid-raphe Z-plasty) permit anatomic reconstruction.[] And the cars can get out and get away from the traffic into open road. Jacquetta says her oncologist recommended she see Dr. Chang.[] REDUCTION THERAPY involves compression wrapping with low-stretch bandages worn 24 hours a day, supplemented with massage therapy and exercise.[] Author information 1 Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. 2 Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Innsbruck,[] These amino acid substitutions affect well-conserved residues in the prodomain and in the peptidase domain of ADAMTS3.[]

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  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of nerve decompression for the symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome that developed after upper-extremity surgery.[] He complained of weakness, sensory changes, and pain in his left lower extremity. The patient also demonstrated swelling and hyperesthesia of the left foot and ankle.[] Abstract Two patients with causalgia associated with allodynia and finger contracture were treated surgically with a bioresorbable nerve guide tube made from polygycolic acid[] Complex regional pain syndrome type II in the past was also known as causalgia.[] We have organized symptoms and conditions anatomically and included separate sections for spinal deformity including Scoliosis and Kyphosis as well as systemic pain conditions[] Lateral photograph taken 1 year after open reduction and internal fixation with a plate showing good clinical results (D).[] Medications.[] Physical therapy The goal of physical therapy is the restoration of the function by eliminating the guarding postures and substitute movements, restoration of normal range[] A 52 year old woman presented with lower extremity CRPS due to positioning after a craniotomy. Copyright 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[] BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of a new surgical technique for the treatment of severe chronic pain stages was evaluated.[]

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