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  • Hemangioblastoma

    Abstract Spinal cord hemangioblastomas account for about 10% of spinal cord tumors.[] Author information 1 Departments of 1 Neurosurgery and. 2 Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.[] Clinical and neuroimaging follow-up was obtained for all patients between 0.5 and 9 years (mean, 4 years) after radiosurgery. Results.[] Therefore, pediatric neuro-oncology was granted its own, book-like section.[] Abstract An effective therapy for multifocal central nervous system hemangioblastoma (CNS HB) is needed. Here, we report a case of multifocal CNS HB.[] KEYWORDS: hemangioblastoma; intraoperative video; spinal cord neoplasms; surgical procedure[] These lesions are so rarely found arising from peripheral nerves that only four published cases exist in literature today.[] None of the VHL gene mutations and chromosome 3p deletion was detected in the tumor.[] Freiburg, Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany Abstract The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central[] None of our patients had significant neurological deterioration after surgery.[]

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  • Meningioma

    Our scientists are dedicated to building a foundation for future advancements in the treatment of brain and spinal cord tumors.[] The controversy today involves the efficacy of postoperative radiation therapy.[] KEYWORDS: Cyberknife; Meningiomas; fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy; stereotactic radiosurgery[] & GROW School for Oncology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands. 3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Catalan Institut of Oncology, Hospital Germans Trias[] General Information About Adult Central Nervous System Tumors Key Points An adult central nervous system tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of[] PMID 2888021 - Russell DS, Rubinstein LJ Pathology of Tumors of the Nervous System,. 1989.[] This approach provided an unobstructed lateral view toward the spinal cord.[] Sometimes cancerous tumours called malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours may grow along the nerves.[] 10 65 II 1 66 70 Resection 2, RT/temozolomide None 7.0 Ongoing None 11 42 Unknown 1 59 80 Resection 2; RT; SRS None 7.0 Toxicity None 12 19 I 1 20 90 Resection; SRS; RT Temozolomide[] Isointense and inhomogeneous tumor without peripheral edema indicates a more fibrous and harder character (ie, a fibroblastic meningioma).[]

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  • Central Neurocytoma

    In total, 24 cases of neurocytomas located in the spinal cord have been reported in English journals.[] One-mortality case due to radiation necrosis and one radiation-induced malignancy occurred.[] KEYWORDS: Central neurocytoma; Gamma Knife; Linear accelerator; Radiosurgery; Stereotactic radiosurgery[] Pediatric Hematology/Oncology § Neurology Radiation Oncology ¶ Neurosurgery # Radiology, Boston Children ’s Hospital ** Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital[] However, as more information was gathered the name benign central neurocytoma was started to be seen as a double misnomer because these tumors are not always benign nor centrally[] […] histological grading system [ 25 , 52 ].[] (MPNST) Nervenscheidentumor, maligner peripherer melanotischer (MPNST) Maligner peripherer melanotischer Nervenscheidentumor (MPNST) Nervenscheidentumor, maligner peripherer[] None of the previous cases with dissemination had histological atypia but most did have a high MIB-1 labeling index (MIB-1 LI).[] Although stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is effective for central neurocytoma (CN), the long-term outcome of SRS remains unclear.[] , Conflict of Interest: None DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.149414 How to cite this article: Gunawat PV, Patil SS, Karmarkar VS, Deopujari CE.[]

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  • Ependymoma

    KEYWORDS: ependymoma; intramedullary; spinal cord; video[] Recent advances in neuroimaging, neurosurgery and radiation therapy have improved disease control and functional outcomes for children with ependymoma, including children[] Radiosurgery resulted in significant brainstem toxicity and one death (median dose, 18 Gy).[] This was a prospective, multicenter Phase II trial conducted through the Children's Oncology Group ( Identifier NCT01462695 ).[] Abstract We present the first case of central neurocytoma with a component suggesting ependymal-like differentiation as an unclassified glioneuronal tumor.[] VENTRICLE, CEREBELLUM) / CEREBELLUM ICD-Morpho 9391/3 Ependymoma, NOS Atlas_Id 5016 Phylum Central Nervous system::Ependymoma WHO/OMS Classification Central Nervous system[] Abstract Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system is a syndrome caused by deposition of hemosiderin in the subpial layers of the central nervous system, occurring[] KEYWORDS: MRI; conus medullaris; ependymoma; spinal tumour[] Due to the presence of giant cells, the differential diagnosis of other primary neoplasias at that site were considered, including paraganglioma, malignant peripheral nerve[] None of the patients got further treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or second surgery).[]

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  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    Recanalization in 16% of patients embolized with particulate agents and treated with radiosurgery has also been reported. 126 Most centers recommend the use of more permanent[] Radiotherapy has seldom been used in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) involving the spinal cord because of the cord's limited radiation tolerance.[] Radiation-induced tumor was confirmed in only 1 patient (0.17%). CONCLUSIONS: An increased nidus size and lobar location are risk factors for CF/EH.[] Therefore, continuous follow-up after radiosurgery is required for early detection of cyst formation.[] Luke’s Radiation Oncology Centre Dublin The St.[] KEYWORDS: arteriovenous malformation; central lobe; microsurgery; radiosurgery; video[] The cause of vascular anomalies of the central nervous system is not yet well understood.[] BACKGROUND: Spinal vascular malformations as a group are rare, and coexistence of a spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in or around the spinal dysraphism is extremely[] Endovascular coils and vascular plugs have a limited role in the treatment of peripheral AVMs.[] None of our patients, and none of the other reported cases of iris AV malformations, 18 - 23 had evidence of intracranial AV malformations or other signs suggestive of Wyburn-Mason[]

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  • Anaplastic Ependymoma

    Spinal cord ependymoma: Radical surgical resection and outcome. Neurosurgery. 2002;51:1162-1174. Kahan H, Sklar EML, Post JD, Bruce JH.[] BACKGROUND: In patients after treatment for malignant brain tumors, a clear distinction between tumor recurrence and radiation necrosis can be challenging.[] No complication occurred as a side effect of radiosurgery.[] Author information 1 Medical Oncology 1, Veneto Institute of Oncology - IRCCS, Padua, Italy. Abstract Anaplastic ependymomas are rare tumors in adult patients.[] INTRODUCTION: Ependymoma is a central nervous system neoplasm that is often managed with surgery and radiotherapy.[] Coverage includes state-of-the-art information on image-guided surgery, local delivery systems, intraoperative imaging, proton beam therapy, conformal systems, radiosurgery[] Further imaging showed a second lumbar spinal tumor.[] The patient was a 48-year-old woman with a solid and cystic, peripherally enhancing, 7-cm right frontal mass lesion.[] Eight patients died during the observation period, five of dissemination, but none of uncontrollable local recurrence.[] Author information 1 Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Holcombe Boulevard, Room FC7.3000, Unit 431, Houston, TX 77030,[]

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  • Neuralgia

    RESULTS: In all three cases, MRI revealed a new high-intensity area in the cervical cord at the C1-C3 level of the spine, which was diminished in two of the three cases after[] She received proton beam radiation with significant improvement. However, she developed radiation necrosis and hydrocephalus.[] In this study, we report 3 patients with SLN who were treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) at the time of diagnosis.[] Hospital, Washington, DC, USA (3) Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA (4) Department of Radiation Oncology, Georgetown University[] Torebjork HE, Schady W, Ochoa JL (1984) A new method for demonstration of central effects of analgesic agents in man.[] Google Scholar Hammond, W.A. , A Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System ( New York : D.[] ) (see also Radiculitis) 729.2 root (spinal) (see also Radiculitis) 729.2 spinal root (see also Radiculitis) 729.2 Perineuritis NEC 729.2 Policeman's disease 729.2 Radiculitis[] Abstract A variety of mechanisms may generate pain resulting from injury to the peripheral nervous system.[] […] advanced statistical and computational methodology in evaluating the impact of anatomical and technical variables on normal tissue dosimetry of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) stereotactic[] OBJECTIVE: To assess effectiveness of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) in improving quality of life (QoL) in patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN).[]

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  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    The subcortical gray matter–white matter pattern of nodule distribution reflects the filtration of intravascular particulate material in the region, where vessels branch and[] Abstract Drop metastases from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to the spinal cord are extremely rare in clinical practice.[] Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 32(4): 931–941 PubMed Google Scholar 64.[] KEYWORDS: Dural metastasis; Glioblastoma multiforme; High grade glioma; Stereotactic radiosurgery[] Li , Downregulated miR‐17, miR‐29c, miR‐92a and miR‐214 may be related to BCL11B overexpression in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia , Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology[] Chicago, IL: Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States; 1997–2001. Google Scholar 2. Landis SH, Murray T, Bolden S, Wingo PA: Cancer statistics .[] We report a case of massive PE treated with systemic thrombolysis in a patient with recent neurosurgery for an intracranial neoplasm.[] nervous system (CNS) in humans.[] KEYWORDS: CNS cancer; cancer intervention; neurooncology; neurosurgery; spinal cord[] Cranial computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained, showing a heterogeneous lesion in the cingulate gyrus, with peripheral and central areas[]

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  • Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

    Carcinomatous meningitis (CM) and spinal cord compression in PCNSL are very rare and usually present in advanced stages of the disease.[] […] of Korea. 5 Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemoon-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. 6 Department of Radiation Oncology, Inha[] The authors report a case of post-transplant primary central nervous system lymphoma after liver transplantation that was treated successfully by gamma knife radiosurgery[] Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology July 2015, Volume 13, Issue 7 Tracy Batchelor, MD, MPH Executive Director Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology[] Abstract Primary Central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is most frequently a diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which is confined to the Central nervous system (CNS).[] KEYWORDS: CSF cytology; PCNSL; Spinal cord[] BACKGROUND: Here we describe a case of PCNSL which was located peripherally as a single lesion and showed no evidence of pathological findings of lymphoma at the first biopsy[] None had RT as a first-line treatment. One patient had a local relapse and received RT and salvage chemotherapy, without success.[] Abstract Classical neurosurgical teaching suggests that corticosteroid administration reduces the diagnostic yield of stereotactic brain biopsy for primary central nervous[] Abstract A 45-year-old man who developed brain radionecrosis in the right frontal and left temporoparietal lobes after receiving whole brain radiotherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery[]

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  • Astrocytoma

    METHODS: This study included 14 consecutive patients with primary spinal cord astrocytoma treated from 1998 to 2014.[] Alterations in the methylation profiles of cell cycle regulating genes may control cell response to radiation.[] The dosage of radiation is not as high as with radiosurgery, and the targeting is not as precise as with radiosurgery.[] From Wikibooks, open books for an open world Radiation Oncology This page may need to be reviewed for quality.[] Abstract Central nervous system tumors are relatively common in the United States, with more than 40,000 cases annually.[] VENTRICLE, CEREBELLUM) / CEREBELLUM ICD-Morpho 9400/3 Astrocytoma, NOS Atlas_Id 5007 Phylum Central Nervous system::Glioma WHO/OMS Classification Central Nervous system Note[] CONCLUSIONS: The present case underscores the significant role of a molecular genetic analysis in the differential diagnosis of intramedullary spinal gliomas.[] On magnetic resonance imaging, a contrast-enhanced tumor in the left occipital lobe with peripheral edema was noted.[] An individual may experience some of these, all of these or none.[] Stereotactic radiotherapy , which uses high-energy radiation to treat the tumor.[]

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