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  • Hemangioblastoma

    Established as the leading textbook on imaging diagnosis of brain and spine disorders, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine is now in its Fourth Edition.[books.google.ro] Author information 1 Departments of 1 Neurosurgery and. 2 Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical and neuroimaging follow-up was obtained for all patients between 0.5 and 9 years (mean, 4 years) after radiosurgery. Results.[springerlink.com] Therefore, pediatric neuro-oncology was granted its own, book-like section.[books.google.ro] Abstract An effective therapy for multifocal central nervous system hemangioblastoma (CNS HB) is needed. Here, we report a case of multifocal CNS HB.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hemangioblastomas are most commonly composed of stromal cells in small blood vessels and usually occur in the cerebellum, brain stem or spinal cord.[en.wikipedia.org] PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcomes and toxicity in patients receiving fractionated external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has become a treatment option for intracranial hemangioblastomas, especially in patients with poor clinical status and also high-risk[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These lesions are so rarely found arising from peripheral nerves that only four published cases exist in literature today.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Federal Republic of Germany Rhoton Anatomy Links Abstract The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central[dx.doi.org]

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  • Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

    My life was literally changed overnight by brain tumors.[braintumor.org] […] of Korea. 5 Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemoon-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. 6 Department of Radiation Oncology, Inha[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The authors report a case of post-transplant primary central nervous system lymphoma after liver transplantation that was treated successfully by gamma knife radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology July 2015, Volume 13, Issue 7 Tracy Batchelor, MD, MPH Executive Director Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology[hematologyandoncology.net] […] primary central nervous system lymphoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High-dose chemotherapy (HDC) with autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT) may provide an alternative to address chemoresistance and overcome the blood-brain barrier.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Primary Central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is most frequently a diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which is confined to the Central nervous system (CNS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition to our previous study with BEAM, a number of trials have examined the use of HDC-ASCT in newly diagnosed PCNSL ( Table 5 ).[doi.org] BACKGROUND: Here we describe a case of PCNSL which was located peripherally as a single lesion and showed no evidence of pathological findings of lymphoma at the first biopsy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Classical neurosurgical teaching suggests that corticosteroid administration reduces the diagnostic yield of stereotactic brain biopsy for primary central nervous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor

    Commonly misdiagnosed over the decades as primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the brain, it has dramatically different biological behavior.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As most patients with AT/RT present as infants or young children, radiation therapy has been a less than standard treatment option.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hernandez L, Zamorano L, Sloan A et al (2002) Gamma knife radiosurgery for renal cell carcinoma brain metastases.[doi.org] , Psycho-Oncology , 22 , 2 , (447-458) , (2012) .[doi.org] Extracranial metastases of the central nervous system tumors are rarely seen.[doi.org] KEYWORDS: Central Nervous System; Child; Drug Therapy; Radiotherapy; Rhabdoid Tumor; Stem Cell Transplantation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical and morphological features of an apparently unique, biologically aggressive central nervous system tumor in 32 infants and children are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] therapy or photon-beam radiosurgery for WHO grade I meningiomas?[doi.org] Giving high-dose chemotherapy before an autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them.[clinicaltrials.gov] There was inadequate response to the antituberculosis therapy; so we performed stereotactic brain biopsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Central Neurocytoma

    Compared with other brain tumor (NCN), Patients with CN (CNs) were more likely to be female, young, and non-white race. Surgery was the primary treatment of CN.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One-mortality case due to radiation necrosis and one radiation-induced malignancy occurred.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Central neurocytoma; Gamma Knife; Linear accelerator; Radiosurgery; Stereotactic radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pediatric Hematology/Oncology § Neurology Radiation Oncology ¶ Neurosurgery # Radiology, Boston Children ’s Hospital ** Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital[journals.lww.com] However, as more information was gathered the name benign central neurocytoma was started to be seen as a double misnomer because these tumors are not always benign nor centrally[en.wikipedia.org] Abstract The authors describe a 9 month old female with recurrent atypical central neurocytoma and leptomeningeal spread treated with high dose chemotherapy, autologous stem[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] histological grading system [ 25 , 52 ].[doi.org] We report our experience in managing CN with proton beam therapy (PBT) when radiation therapy was used.[scholar.harvard.edu] KEYWORDS: Central neurocytoma; Gamma Knife; Stereotactic radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] choroid plexus Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor Autoimmune thrombocytopenia Autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia Autosomal thrombocytopenia with normal platelets Benign peripheral[se-atlas.de]

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  • Meningioma

    Television icon Mary Tyler Moore is undergoing surgery today to remove a tumor from the protective lining around her brain.[web.archive.org] The controversy today involves the efficacy of postoperative radiation therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Cyberknife; Meningiomas; fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy; stereotactic radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] & GROW School for Oncology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands. 3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Catalan Institut of Oncology, Hospital Germans Trias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] General Information About Adult Central Nervous System Tumors Key Points An adult central nervous system tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of[cancer.gov] This review presents the accumulating evidence of the presence of tumour stem cells within meningioma and the stem cell markers being used to characterise this putative primitive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PMID 2888021 - Russell DS, Rubinstein LJ Pathology of Tumors of the Nervous System,. 1989.[atlasgeneticsoncology.org] KEYWORDS: Glioma; Ion beam radiation therapy; Meningioma; Proton beam therapy; Radiotherapy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Meningioma is the most frequent benign tumor treated with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS); however, the assessment of its efficacy and safety in slow-growing tumors is an ongoing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sometimes cancerous tumours called malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours may grow along the nerves.[cancer.ca]

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  • Brain Irradiation

    Concerns of radiation effects on the brain tissue and neurocognitive function and quality of life increase as survival of patients treated for brain tumors improves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Ninety-eight patients receiving radiosurgery alone were retrospectively compared to 50 patients receiving radiosurgery plus whole-brain irradiation for local control[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] anatomy; and economics of radiation oncology.[books.google.de] BACKGROUND: Neurotoxicity after whole-brain irradiation remains a major problem in the treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After undergoing resection, high-dose chemotherapy was administered consisting of topotecan, melphalan, and cyclophosphamide with autologous peripheral stem cell rescue followed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] You will NOT be radioactive during and after external beam radiotherapy treatment.[eviq.org.au] BACKGROUND: Is Gamma Knife surgery alone as effective as surgery plus whole brain irradiation (WBRT) for patients with a single, small-sized brain metastasis?[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, estimated radiation doses to peripheral areas of the body were 1.9 times higher with IMRT than with 3D-CRT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Given the significant benefit of stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of 1 to 3 brain metastases, we evaluated the use of stereotactic radiosurgery boost after whole[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Intraparenchymal hemorrhage in the left frontal lobe suddenly occurred in a 7-year-old girl who had undergone partial removal of an undifferentiated brain stem glioma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Ependymoma

    Ependymomas can grow in different parts of the brain, and symptoms may relate to the area of the brain that is affected: A tumour of the frontal lobe of the brain may cause[melissasfightingfund.co.uk] Proton-beam radiation therapy (PRT) is used at some centers in an effort to decrease long-term toxicity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiosurgery resulted in significant brainstem toxicity and one death (median dose, 18 Gy).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This was a prospective, multicenter Phase II trial conducted through the Children's Oncology Group (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01462695 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We present the first case of central neurocytoma with a component suggesting ependymal-like differentiation as an unclassified glioneuronal tumor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] EMX2 promotes symmetric division (in embryonic stem cells) that distributes the apical membrane equally to the two daughter cells, resulting in stem cell proliferation.[doi.org] Abstract Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system is a syndrome caused by deposition of hemosiderin in the subpial layers of the central nervous system, occurring[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Central nervous system; Intracranial pediatric ependymoma; Pencil beam scanning proton therapy; Radiotherapy; Tumor local control[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery for ependymomas Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a painless procedure that uses hundreds of highly focused radiation beams to target tumors[upmc.com] Due to the presence of giant cells, the differential diagnosis of other primary neoplasias at that site were considered, including paraganglioma, malignant peripheral nerve[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Acoustic Neuroma

    Acoustic neuroma (also known as a vestibular schwannoma) is a low grade brain tumour accounting for 8% of all primary brain tumours.[thebraintumourcharity.org] Salvage surgery of radiation-failed tumors is more difficult and will have a higher risk of postoperative complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gamma Knife radiosurgery was administered in 82.85% of patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Author information 1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. [email protected] Abstract[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: Wrong diagnosis in case of central nervous system disorder associated with hyponatremia can have fatal consequences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Small perforating arteries supply blood to the brain stem.[emedicine.com] Gamma surgery was the primary treatment modality in 96 cases and followed microsurgery in 57 cases. Tumors ranged in volume from 0.02 to 18.3 cm(3).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both patients had neurofibromatosis type 2 and were treated with a peripheral tumor dose of 21 Gy delivered in three fractions (7 Gy each) with a minimum interfraction interval[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Management options include observation with neuroradiological follow-up, microsurgical resection and stereotactic radiotherapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Currently Browsing: Neuroscience Institute Brain Tumor (Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology) The Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology[massgeneral.org]

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  • Glioblastoma Multiforme

    Glioblastomas belong to a group of brain tumours known as gliomas, as they grow from a type of brain cell called a glial cell.[thebraintumourcharity.org] The median survival in the radiation-plus-temozolomide group was 14.6 months compared to 12.1 months in the radiation-alone group.[web.archive.org] KEYWORDS: Dural metastasis; Glioblastoma multiforme; High grade glioma; Stereotactic radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This means that specialist in Neurology, Neuro-Surgery, Radiation Oncology, Neuro-Radiology, Pathology and Neuro-Oncology are all involved when formulating your treatment[web.archive.org] Chicago, IL: Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States; 1997–2001. Google Scholar 2. Landis SH, Murray T, Bolden S, Wingo PA: Cancer statistics .[doi.org] One reason for this is the heterogeneity of GBM including the presence of glioblastoma cancer stem cells (GSCs).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of massive PE treated with systemic thrombolysis in a patient with recent neurosurgery for an intracranial neoplasm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Nervous System From: Kleihues P, Cavenee WK, eds.[web.archive.org] Despite additional conventional external-beam radiation to the temporal lobe, the GBM has progressed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cranial computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained, showing a heterogeneous lesion in the cingulate gyrus, with peripheral and central areas[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Radiation Therapy

    CONCLUSIONS: Optimal setups for brain treatments with synchrotron radiation micro- and minibeam combs depend on the brain displacement due to cardiosynchronous pulsation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy radiation to damage cancer cells' DNA and destroy their ability to divide and grow.[radiologyinfo.org] KEYWORDS: Cyberknife; Inverse planning; Stereotactic radiation therapy; Stereotactic radiosurgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The Department of Radiation Oncology is part of Heidelberg University's Faculty of Clinical Medicine .[umm.uni-heidelberg.de] PURPOSE: To examine safety and efficacy of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (CL-HCC).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The cancer stem cells are left behind. Plus, the radiation actually turns normal cells into cancer stem cells.[thetruthaboutcancer.com] This paper presents a magnetic position tracking system for radiation therapy. The proposed system uses only four transmitting coils and an implantable transponder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Schwannomas and meningiomas are relatively common tumors of the nervous system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In external beam radiotherapy, radiation beams are directed towards the treatment site in the patient’s body.[rpop.iaea.org] (However, the precision is much greater with Gamma Knife surgery than with conformal radiation.)[irsa.org]

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