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  • Anticholinergic

    Abstract Difficulty clearing upper airway secretions (death rattle) is a frequent problem at the end of life. Treatment often includes the use of anticholinergic drugs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] NMBAs are direct anticholinergics and can be used to produce paralysis when required under surgical anaesthesia.[blog.nus.edu.sg] Fifteen patients (93%) not prescribed anticholinergic medications were on a single medication to treat dementia, whereas 9 patients (52%) prescribed anticholinergic medications[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] assess the association of the anticholinergic medication burden with hospitalization and mortality in nursing home elderly patients and to investigate the role of coronary artery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One extended release preparation versus another: there was less risk of dry mouth with oral extended release tolterodine than oxybutynin ( RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.95) but[cochrane.org] Anticholinergics and antispasmodics are also used in certain surgical and emergency procedures.[mayoclinic.org] procedures. [2] [3] Recreational uses [ edit ] When a significant amount of an anticholinergic is taken into the body, a toxic reaction known as acute anticholinergic syndrome[en.wikipedia.org] Quick-relief medications -- also called rescue medications -- relax the muscles around your airway.[webmd.com] Abstract Anticholinergic medications are associated with adverse cognitive effects in cognitively normal and impaired individuals, with a greater magnitude of effect observed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] clinically succinylcholine is used as an indirect anticholinergic to block the action of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at the NMJ causing paralysis when required under surgical[blog.nus.edu.sg]

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  • Balamuthia Mandrillaris

    He then developed gradually progressive weakness in the right upper limb which progressed to involve the right lower limb and slurring of speech.[ijmm.org] All three patients suffered acute clinical deterioration, with radiological or clinical evidence of intracranial hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Postmortem examination of the brain revealed massive areas of necrosis and microscopic findings like those in the surgical specimen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The American Medical Student Research Journal was created by medical students to give future physician-scientists the opportunity to develop the critical thinking skills needed[amsrj.org] MRI demonstrated multiple brain masses and an aneurysm of the cavernous and supraclinoid carotid artery. Autopsy of the donor's brain revealed Balamuthia encephalitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We conclude that B. mandrillaris induces HBMEC signalling pathways, which lead to IL-6 release.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Free-living ameba are ubiquitous; that is, they are found in fresh or frozen vegetables, heating and air conditioning units, dental and surgical instruments, dialysis units[ajnr.org] All four cases were characterized by focal neurologic signs, increased intracranial pressure, and cerebral hyperdense lesions in computed tomography scans of the head.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] neurological deficits (e.g. double vision has been commonly reported) symptoms of meningeal irritation (e.g. neck stiffness, intolerance to bright light) symptoms of increased intracranial[dermnetnz.org] To better understand the mechanisms of B. mandrillaris cytopathogenicity, an assay for measuring amebic cytolytic activity was adapted that is based on the release of a reporter[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion

    We report a rare case of a patient who developed choreic movement in the right upper extremity associated with a contralateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] a wider application of extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass in this therapeutic setting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The authors performed emergent surgical embolectomy for left middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, and the patient experienced marked neurological recovery without focal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients who underwent EDAS (n 60) were compared with those treated medically (n 65).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stagnant flow in front of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion sites may contribute to the intra-arterial, high-intensity signal on arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] activation marker CD69 and produce proinflammatory cytokines such as IFN-γ, accompanied with a sustained increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory cytokines release[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurological examinations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were carried out at regular post-operative course. hMSCs were infused 1 hour after reperfusion (clip release[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient improved to an NIHSS of 7, regaining movement of his left upper and lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The interventional recanalization of the occlusion under direct surgical control has not been reported in the literature so far.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 7491 Trondheim (Norway) E-Mail [email protected] Article / Publication Details Received: March 01, 2017 Accepted: March 03, 2017 Published online: April 24, 2017 Issue release[karger.com]

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  • Non-Compliance

    ., the patient with previous upper premolar extraction and excessive overijet, or a skeletal Class III patient with previous upper premolar extraction needed upper anterior[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A case of extensive intracranial tuberculoma is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Searches for reports of trials involving at least one surgical procedure and published in 2010 were carried out in the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The failure to take medication is referred to as medication noncompliance or medication nonadherence ; the latter is a better term.[healthyplace.com] Lower limb and coronary artery CT angiography were provided before surgery; physical examination and laboratory tests were performed at baseline and every month after TFA[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The drug-released profile showed that 80% of donepezil hydrochloride was released within 1 min.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other bleedings (intracranial, spontaneous, hematuria, and gastrointestinal) appear sporadic, lacking expected dose-dependent impact of CT and LT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When the sponsor fulfills or is otherwise released from the requirement to conduct the study(ies), FDA will add the date the requirement is fulfilled or released to the last[fda.gov] Author information 1 Wingate University School of Pharmacy, Wingate, NC, USA. [email protected] Abstract A 34-year-old woman presented with acute and progressive pain in the upper[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] five time points, and receipt of surgical intervention in the control arm may occur at any time.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Dog Bite

    Abstract A 70-year-old woman who attempted suicide lay unconscious on her floor for an unknown time period while her 2 pet dachshunds chewed her upper face and bilateral periorbital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial injury after dog bite should be suspected in any child with scalp lacerations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Several surgical procedures were required; M kansasii was recovered. He received isoniazid and rifampin for 1 year and prolonged rehabilitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: The medical records from 20 patients were included and reviewed. More than one half (60%) of the patients were younger than 12 years old.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Twenty-two cases in the literature detailed axillobrachial artery damage (65%), 24% radial artery, 3% ulnar artery, and 9% combined.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The breed with the next-highest number of attributed deaths was the Rottweiler and mixes thereof, with 44 fatalities. [14] The American Veterinary Medical Association released[en.wikipedia.org] The patient required intensive care treatment, intravenous antibiotic therapy, and multiple surgical procedures including amputation of the affected finger.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We stress the need to consider the possibility of penetration into the intracranial compartment occurring in cases of dog bites of the scalp, because these wounds on the scalp[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although introduced in plastic and reconstructive surgery, its use has extended to orthopedic and cardiothoracic surgical practice in the treatment of infected joint replacement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] IMPORTANCE: Upper lip avulsion after traumatic dog bite is a serious cause of facial disfigurement for which there is no consensus on management in the acute setting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Traffic Accident

    BACKGROUND: Upper extremity fractures (UEFs) associated with road traffic accidents (RTAs) may result in long-term disability.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Maternal pelvic injury resulting from road traffic accidents may cause fetal intracranial haemorrhage. A case is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical treatment of buried penis achieves marked aesthetic and functional improvement, and benefits the majority of patients, resulting in satisfactory erection and successful[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Instead, she accepted the unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in a hospital affiliated to a medical college.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral stenosis of the vertebral arteries was disclosed, but no injuries or hemorrhage of the brain and spinal cord were detected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression and release may play a role in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Intracranial bleeding (31.7%) was the most common associated intracranial finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A man, who had a medical history of surgical neck clipping 30 years previously, died of traffic accident.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MotoGP released the following statement in response to his passing: "Spanish motorcycling giant Angel Nieto has passed away at hospital in Ibiza, sadly succumbing to injuries[motorsport.com] The objective of this study was to examine the injury profiles of open upper extremity fractures (UEFs) in all modes of injury related to road traffic accidents (RTAs) in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Infancy

    KEYWORDS: Infancy; Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor; Upper arm[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: The survival rate and prognosis in infants with giant intracranial tumors are significantly worse than in older children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Successful surgical treatment of AAAs in infants and young children requires careful execution of a diverse group of surgical techniques based on the etiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Author information 1 Divisions of Pediatric Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. 2 Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: CT; Idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy; arterial calcification of infancy; arterial calcifications; arteries; autosomal recessive; cardiomyopathy; polyhydramnios[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Your baby may be a candidate for muscle-release surgery, a procedure that cures most cases of torticollis that don't improve.[kidshealth.org] From the mother's perspective, it probably releases oxytocin .[scientificamerican.com] A study released last year found that a 1 increase in the minimum wage in various states between 1980 and 2011 corresponded with a 1 to 2 percent decrease in low birth weight[thenation.com] Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a highly enhancing tumor with intracranial and extracranial development extending mainly at the level of the right parietooccipital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient experienced disease recurrences after multiple surgical resections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Arterial Thrombosis

    During her hospital stay, the patient developed signs consistent with acute right upper extremity ischemia resulting from occlusion in the distal right subclavian, axillary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The outcome indexes including early major neurological improvement (MNI), excellent recovery, good recovery, recanalization at 24 hours-complete or partial, symptomatic intracranial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HA reconstruction was performed using surgical loupes in 737 adults (male:female, 526:211) and 4 pediatric patients (male:female, 3:1).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thrombosis is the medical term for clot or the presence of a clot.[nmihi.com] artery duplication has been described to date.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These are as a result of an uncontrolled release of catecholamines.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This report describes an index case of a patient without known renal disease who presented with spontaneous arterial thrombosis of an upper extremity as the initial manifestation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: Thrombosis of the cerebral arteries is one of the complications of microsurgical operations for partially thrombosed intracranial aneurysms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The expressed rADAMTS13 is released on stimulation with thrombin and collagen, but less with 2MesADP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In contrast, in the same murine model, one-third of mice treated with tissue plasminogen activator died of intracranial hemorrhage. 9 Second, SLK caused minimal thrombocytopenia[bloodjournal.org]

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  • Salmonella Enteritidis

    He was readmitted 15 months later with right upper quadrant pain, fever, and dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both the intracranial abscess and the coxitis were evacuated and drained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All of them recovered after medical treatment. A later investigation demonstrated Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) in the gratin from the box lunch.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the right coronary artery, as well as an occluded vein graft to the diagonal.[interventions.onlinejacc.org] In order to prevent further spread of disease, public advice was released immediately after the first epidemiological indication and a warning sign was placed at the incriminated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] are subject to descending infections from colonized ovarian tissue, ascending infections from colonized vaginal and cloacal tissues, and lateral infections from colonized upper[iai.asm.org] This press release is also available in: [ PRINTABLE VERSION ][neogen.com] The upper stage, which was the source of the Falcon 9 failure last June, must fire twice to reach this mission's high orbit.[eu.floridatoday.com] University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Intracranial infections are unusual manifestations of salmonellosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Blister

    Abstract A male baby was presented with sucking blisters on the upper and lower lips developed immediately after the birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Intracranial blister aneurysms are difficult to treat cerebrovascular lesions that typically affect the anterior circulation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: The authors reviewed the charts, cerebral catheter angiograms, surgical reports, and intraoperative videos of all ICA blister aneurysms treated surgically at the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether blister packing medications would improve prescription medication adherence in psychiatric patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three patients required bypass: 1 superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass, 1 external carotid artery to middle cerebral artery bypass, and 1 ICA to middle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Zinc sulfate reduced (p   0.031) the release of lactate dehydrogenase from cultured gel-treated keratinocytes isolated from the blister roofs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fluid collects between the upper layers of Skin (the epidermis ) and the layers below (the dermis ).[en.wikipedia.org] OBJECTIVE: Intracranial blood blister-like aneurysm (BBA) is a rare type of aneurysm that lacks all layers of the arterial wall.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (See below for which stages tend to release the most virus particles.)[animated-teeth.com] We report our institution's experience with BAs with an emphasis on the use of extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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