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  • Fibrous Dysplasia

    CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a case of a 14-year-old female who suffered from pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma secondary to fibrous dysplasia of the left lower[] They present a small series of three adult patients with complex FD that highlights the surgical complexity required in some adult patients with FD.[] Abstract We present a 70-year-old man with lymphoma who presented with a right eye movement disorder.[] The radiographs were evaluated in the coronal plane for neck-shaft angle, varus deformity in the proximal femoral shaft, and distal juxtaarticular valgus deformity.[] Especially in bones with small diameter and flat bones, fibrous dysplasia frequently expands the bone.[] PURPOSE: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an established side effect of intravenous bisphosphonates and other antiresorptive medications.[] Femoral neck angle was increased from 127 to 130. Donor site of strut cortical fibula showed good regeneration with β-tricalcium phosphate.[] Given the extent of the tumour, open craniectomy was performed for surgical extirpation. Histological analysis identified multiple osteomas.[] Quality of life was lower in patients with higher disease burden, as reflected by high skeletal burden scores (p   0.003) and high levels of P1NP (p   0.002).[] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[]

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  • Surgical Procedure

    Higher volume hospitals had shorter length of stay and the odds of re-admission were 15% lower in the highest hospital volume quintile compared with the lowest quintile.[] To discuss effective surgical procedures for refractory CSDH, we analyzed our surgical procedures and outcomes for refractory CSDH.[] Abstract We describe a new surgical procedure for the scimitar syndrome using the walls of the right atrium and inferior vena cava as a flap to prevent kinking and stenosis[] PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this procedure, the penis was subdivided into 2 anatomic subunits: the penile shaft and the glans penis.[] The purpose of this study was to present and assess the accuracy of a virtual orthognathic positioning system (OPS), based on the use of bone-supported guides for placement[] We bring you common bedside Medical and Surgical procedures in a very simple and easy way. The app is designed for medical students and doctors.[] We report a case of recurring femoral hydatid disease in a trisomic-21 patient 5 years after a primary surgery.[] Types: show 137 types... hide 137 types... catheterisation , catheterization the operation of introducing a catheter into the body ablation , cutting out , excision , extirpation[] Also, operation costs were significantly lower in the NEWS group.[] Our group invented 'extended left hepatic lobectomy', a new surgical procedure for hepatic hilar bile duct cancer, in which we isolate the liver and transect the right hepatic[]

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  • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

    Lesions were located in the thigh (n   5), knee (n   1), lower leg (n   1), lower arm (n   1), perineum (n   1), gluteal (n   1) and thoracic wall (n   1).[] Traditionally these lesions were treated surgically (curettage or resection and bone grafting) with a relapse rate of about 20%.[] All rights reserved.[] The improved shoulder abduction was closely related to the mean correction of the neck shaft angle.[] Abstract Aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare, non-neoplastic lesion that mostly involves the long bone and the spine, and is characterized by its expansile, vascular, and multi-cystic[] University Dongsan Medical Center; Daegu, Republic of Korea. 3 Department of Pathology, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center; Daegu, Republic of Korea. 4 Department[] Neoplasms/blood* Femoral Neoplasms/complications Femoral Neoplasms/diagnosis* Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/blood* Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/complications Giant Cell Tumor of Bone[] A tumor mass with the whole II metatarsal bone was extirpated and a resected part of fibula was transplanted.[] We report a proximal femur aneurysmal bone cyst, which resulted in the amputation of the lower extremity, even though all available classic methods of treatment were applied[] Written by more than 30 internationally distinguished physicians, Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck, Second Edition now contains: over 1045 photographs, micrographs,[]

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  • Bone Necrosis

    Two weeks later, teeth number 27 (lower right canine) and 28 (lower right first premolar) had class III mobility, flow of purulent exudate from the gingival sulcus, and deep[] Abstract Bone necrosis of the jaws is often related to head and neck radiotherapy, to surgical procedures at maxillary or mandibular level but also to various local and systemic[] Bone lesions are characteristically multiple and bilateral, occurring frequently in the shafts of the femora or tibiae and the heads of the humeri or femora.[] Necrotic bone shows an altered fluorescence pattern (pale or no fluorescence).[] You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history.[] (WC/Nephron) Sign out FEMORAL HEAD, RIGHT, HIP ARTHROPLASTY: - AVASCULAR NECROSIS OF THE FEMORAL HEAD.[] Dentists should employ appropriate local anaesthetic techniques for pulp extirpation instead of relying on toxic necrotizing agents.[] When a dead area affects the shaft of a bone it causes no symptoms, but there is still cause for concern because bone necrosis can change to a form of bone cancer.[] […] disinfectant and a fixative recommended in low concentration as an intracanal medicament. [12] Commonly used pulp devitalizer, used when anesthesia is not sufficient for pulp extirpation[] The serum phosphorus level two months postoperation was significantly lower in the group with avascular necrosis (p less than 0.01).[]

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  • Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

    Clinical examination revealed a firm, irregularly surfaced, fixed, painless, child-head-sized tumor located in her lower abdomen.[] However, retained foreign bodies in the abdomen after surgical procedures are important causes of intra-abdominal infections.[] While operating on the patient, we found a sessile tumor that originated exclusively from the moderator band of the right ventricle.[] The tumor involved the distal humerus in 3 patients, the proximal humerus in 8 patients and the mid-shaft humerus in 4 patients.[] Abstract Transformed sarcomas rarely arise from bone infarct lesions, although the majority of bone sarcomas are primary in origin.[] Jiangsu Clinical Medical Center of Digestive Disease Nanjing 210008, China ; Jiangsu Province's Key Medical Center for Liver Surgery Nanjing 210008, China ; Institute of[] Radiographs showed substantial enlargement of the femoral lesion and extraosseous extension; biopsy results and review of previous histopathologic findings led to a diagnosis[] The extirpated specimen demonstrated the pleomorphic type of MFH with myxoid stroma of the vulva.[] Noninfused T1-weighted MRI reveals a low signal intensity mass posterior to the femoral diaphysis (same patient as in the previous image).[] However, head and neck tumors were more frequently a smaller size (P .0001) and lower grade (P .0001).[]

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  • Osteosarcoma

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old man of African descent presented to our center complaining of shortness of breath, awareness of heart beats, easy fatigability, swelling of lower[] The case opens new considerations as to whether surgical interventions, such as incomplete trephination, might have been used already in the Middle Ages as a therapeutic approach[] We report the case of a 13-year-old girl in whom the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma of bone localized on the shaft of left femur was made 2 years after successful treatment without[] & JOINTS ICD-Morpho 9180/3 Osteosarcoma, NOS Atlas_Id 5043 Phylum Bones::Osteosarcoma Note Osteosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of bone.[] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[] This paper describes a staged surgical technique for the reconstruction of large distal femoral defects due to tumor resection in skeletally immature patients.[] After surgery, a hemorrhagic brain metastasis appeared; this tumor was extirpated to prevent bleeding into the brain, after which additional chemotherapy was administered.[] The disease recurred in the neck and spine 3 months after the second surgical procedure, and a final unsuccessful attempt at reducing the tumor mass was performed.[] Location Age Xray Xray CT Bone scan MRI Histo Case A Proximal tibia 13 Case A Prox. tibia 14 Case B Distal femur 17 Case C Distal femur 11 Case D Pelvis 15 Case E Femoral shaft[] It affects the long bones especially the lower end of femur and the upper ends of tibia and humerus, a distribution similar to the conventional osteosarcoma.[]

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  • Ovariectomy

    The OVX-DEXA group showed lower compressive strength and lower stiffness compared with the other groups at M2 and M3.[] Just as for other veterinary medical and surgical procedures, veterinarians should use their medical judgment in deciding the best surgical approach.[] CT scan: solid right adrenal mass (diam. 2 cm). An anterior transperitoneal approach was used to perform the right adrenalectomy.[] When they reached 22 weeks in age, each group was further divided into two groups and a 5-mm defect was made in both fibular mid-shafts of each rat.[] […] with relative uncoupling of bone resorption from bone formation.[] The reversible "medical ovariectomy" attained with this agonist suggests that it may be an effective and rational treatment for this distressing syndrome in the short term[] BMD at the spine, femoral neck and femoral condyle was determined 6 months (group 1) and 12 months (group 2) post-OVX.[] With the aid of pelviscopic operative processes, a cystic ovarian tumour cannot be extirpated in toto with the necessary certainty.[] KEYWORDS: GnRH analogues; adjuvant therapy; breast cancer; medical ovariectomy; testosterone[] Ovariectomy or “spaying” in cattle is a surgical procedure performed to avoid unwanted pregnancy of animals in areas where females cannot be segregated from males and where[]

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  • Chondroma

    A case of cartilage choristoma occurring in the lower lip of an 8-year-old child is reported.[] Surgical removal improved his hearing with normalization of the postoperative air conduction threshold by reduction of the pressure of the internal auditory meatus, suggesting[] The patient underwent a right C5 hemi-laminectomy, with complete en-bloc removal of the lesion.[] Definition / general Rare Usually 3 cm or less Surface of long bone or small bones of hand / feet Usually teens to twenties, more common in males Sites: metaphysis or shaft[] It is found mostly in the small bones of the hand and/or feet, although it can also occur in long, tubular bones, primarily the humerus, femur and ribs.[] General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. 2 Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, White Building[] A 54-year-old female patient consulted with progressive low back pain and left femoral numbness.[] Click here to view Figure 3: The extirpated specimen of case 1.[] Abstract A 54-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of a slow-growing subcutaneous nodule of the medial right lower eyelid adjacent to the inferior canaliculus.[] (liquid nitrogen), phenol (a chemical) or cauterization (burning the tumor bed) — which are used to remove microscopic tumor cells Bone grafting , a surgical procedure to[]

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  • Parathyroid Carcinoma

    Positive lymph nodes and older age predict lower OS and an increased risk of death. Copyright 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[] The primary outcome was overall survival stratified by surgical procedure.[] Doppler ultrasound localized an irregular mass at right lower gland. SESTAMIBI scan showed probability of adenoma in the region of right lower thyroid pole.[] We report the case of a 23-year-old man who presented with poorly united mid-shaft fracture of the left femur with severe hypercalcaemia in the setting of 99 mTc sestamibi-avid[] Both required intravenous calcium replacement, thus revealing hungry bone syndrome (HBS).[] Your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about your medical history.[] A month before he was referred, radiographs obtained at another hospital showed bilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE).[] En bloc surgical extirpation of the tumor with clear margins remains the best curative treatment.[] Most of the humeral shaft demonstrated a mottled multicystic appearance with prominent trabeculations. A fracture was seen on the middle third of the humerus.[] A 14-year-old girl presented with pathologic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE).[]

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  • Hemifacial Spasm

    Patients with psychogenic HFS were significantly younger and had more frequently tonic muscle contractions, bilateral asynchronous hemifacial involvement, isolated lower facial[] KEYWORDS: Cranial nerves; Hemifacial spasm; Microvascular decompression; Neurovascular conflict; Surgical techniques; Vascular anatomy[] All rights reserved.[] The endoscope was fixed with a pneumatic holding system, and a bimanual technique using single-shaft instruments was performed.[] Abstract We present a very rare case of hemifacial spasm in a 58-year-old patient who was predisposed by focal temporal bone hyperostosis.[] Reviewed for medical accuracy by faculty at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. Web site: Developed by RelayHealth. Published by RelayHealth.[] In this index case, tumor extirpation with mastoid segment facial nerve decompression provided immediate and durable resolution of symptoms.[] The neuroradiology and clinical response suggest that the patient's hemifacial spasm was due to hyperexcitability of the facial nerve nucleus induced by a haematoma in the lower[] The surgical findings, intraoperative lateral spread response results, and clinical outcomes were compared.[] The petrosal vein was also seriously stuck to petrous bone.[]

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