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  • Surgical Procedure

    Higher volume hospitals had shorter length of stay and the odds of re-admission were 15% lower in the highest hospital volume quintile compared with the lowest quintile.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Because of compression of the main pulmonary artery, the left main coronary artery was reconstructed using interposition of a short artificial graft.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To discuss effective surgical procedures for refractory CSDH, we analyzed our surgical procedures and outcomes for refractory CSDH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrode array insertion was manually achieved under microscope visualization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this procedure, the penis was subdivided into 2 anatomic subunits: the penile shaft and the glans penis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The purpose of this study was to present and assess the accuracy of a virtual orthognathic positioning system (OPS), based on the use of bone-supported guides for placement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We bring you common bedside Medical and Surgical procedures in a very simple and easy way. The app is designed for medical students and doctors.[play.google.com] We report a case of recurring femoral hydatid disease in a trisomic-21 patient 5 years after a primary surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also, operation costs were significantly lower in the NEWS group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The technique involves the use of specially designed rotary instruments that plane away the bone in thinner layers, with less chance of excess bone removal and membrane perforation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Fibrous Dysplasia

    CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a case of a 14-year-old female who suffered from pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma secondary to fibrous dysplasia of the left lower[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They present a small series of three adult patients with complex FD that highlights the surgical complexity required in some adult patients with FD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Then, the titanium implant was inserted onto the bone defect and fixed with mini-screws. Patients were followed up by periodic CT scans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The radiographs were evaluated in the coronal plane for neck-shaft angle, varus deformity in the proximal femoral shaft, and distal juxtaarticular valgus deformity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Especially in bones with small diameter and flat bones, fibrous dysplasia frequently expands the bone.[atlasgeneticsoncology.org] PURPOSE: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an established side effect of intravenous bisphosphonates and other antiresorptive medications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Femoral neck angle was increased from 127 to 130. Donor site of strut cortical fibula showed good regeneration with β-tricalcium phosphate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Quality of life was lower in patients with higher disease burden, as reflected by high skeletal burden scores (p   0.003) and high levels of P1NP (p   0.002).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If the condition is affecting your skull, we can treat you using a minimally invasive procedure called the Expanded Endonasal Approach (EEA) It lets doctors insert a thin,[aurorahealthcare.org] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[medlineplus.gov]

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  • Fracture

    This advantage in bone microarchitecture seems to contribute to a lower fracture risk compared to subjects without arcuate foramen as no coexistence in the same vertebra of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old man had been previously treated with balloon-expandable stents for severe stenotic lesion in the LCIA and left external iliac artery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical treatment is often recommended with different techniques such as tension band fixation or lag screws stabilization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This patient had suffered a simultaneous avulsion fracture of both the femoral and tibial insertion sites of the anterior cruciate ligament without suffering any other injuries[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RATIONALE: Retrograde femoral nailing was one of the most important treatment means for distal femoral shaft fracture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] "Broken bones" redirects here. For other uses, see Broken Bones .[en.wikipedia.org] Passion for medical informatics and medical education/textbooks .[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] to recover the femoral head sphericity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of 57 patients treated surgically between 2002 and 2016 in a single spine surgery institution.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We report an avulsion fracture at the base of the third metacarpal involving the extensor carpi radialis brevis insertion and a resulting complication of attritional[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Alendronate

    Conclusion: Alendronate use was associated with a lower risk of nonvertebral fracture, including hip fracture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Upon persistence of pain on left thigh, plate fixation was performed for the nonunion in June 2012.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] for surgically treated ONJ.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complications of fracture fixation include non-union, mal-union, and difficulty in intramedullary nail insertion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of an atraumatic femoral shaft fracture in an elderly woman on long-term alendronate therapy admitted to a UK Hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] removing) and osteoblast (bone forming) cells in bone remodeling has been applied to clinical data from women (n   1,379) receiving different doses and treatment regimens[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Your doctor should check your mouth before you start this medication. Tell your dentist that you are taking this medication before you have any dental work done.[webmd.com] Both femoral fractures united well.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] previous a hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy) with unsubstantiated evidence of her pretreatment, bone-mineral-density measurements (BMD), for a 10-year prior episode of left[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The package insert says this should not be done but it was allowed in the FIT study and the medication still worked.[courses.washington.edu]

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  • Cysticercosis

    The patient's motor weakness in the lower limbs and urinary function were improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ptosis and restricted elevation of the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical exploration of the superior oblique muscle was performed, and the cyst was removed from the eye and confirmed by histopathological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For this procedure, a local anesthetic is given and a needle is inserted in the space between the bones (vertebrae) in the lower back.[clinicaltrials.gov] KEYWORDS: Bone-saving orbitomoty; neurocysticercosis; optic nerve cysticercosis; orbitotomy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[medlineplus.gov] A Doppler study of the femoral vein showed thrombosis of the right common femoral vein.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Using parallel interpretation of the two tests showed lower levels of observed prevalence of T. solium in rural production settings (10.8%) compared to urban (17.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cysts with then ventricular system Lateral, 3 rd and 4 th ventricles Differential Diagnosis Coccidiomycosis Toxoplasmosis Tumor Trichinosis TB Treatment Anti-helminthic medications[learningradiology.com] Here we report a patient with intracranial cysticercosis in the left CPA; the initial diagnosis of the lesion was epidermoid cyst or cystic glioma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Staphylococcus Aureus

    Slightly lower S. aureus survivals were observed at the maximum concentration of Z. tenuior EO.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, osteomyelitis changes at left sacroiliac and hip joint were seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: Pre-operative S. aureus colonization status, diabetes mellitus, BMI, and type of surgical procedure moderately predicted the risk of S. aureus SSI and/or bacteremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Removal of the nail used for a comminuted tibial shaft fracture repair followed by a 6-week treatment course with oritavancin resulted in clinical response. 2017 Pharmacotherapy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Similarly, low virulent EDCC 5464 was isolated from chronic implant-associated bone infections infection whereas EDCC 5458 was obtained from acute implant-associated bone[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Medical laboratory staff are a high-risk population for colonization of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) due to direct and dense contact with the pathogens; however[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The present article reports on the performance of self-expanding covered stents in 3 patients who experienced acute rupture of the femoral artery caused by Staphylococcus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: Cefazolin was associated with lower nephrotoxicity and similar treatment failure rates compared to nafcillin suggesting that cefazolin is an appealing first line[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both the 30-day mortality rate (1.3% vs. 13.6%; p   0.035) and the rate of re-interventions (12.0% vs. 31.8%) were significantly lower in the treated group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] short prodrome of fever followed by rapid onset of respiratory distress; prominent GI symptoms may also occur Thrombophlebitis: Fever, pain, and occasionally erythema at the insertion[emedicine.medscape.com]

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  • Down Syndrome

    BACKGROUND: Youth with Down syndrome are characterized by motor delays when compared to typically developing (TD) youth, which may be explained by a lower postural control[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three months later, the keratoconus in the left eye progressed (K(max) 50.2 D, thinnest location 424 μm), and CXL was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common additional surgical procedures were revision adenoidectomies (n   8) and lingual tonsillectomies (n   13).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Persistent TM perforation in children with Down syndrome was associated with a history of COME/ETD, and multiple prior TT insertions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neck-shaft angle and femoral version were measured in the patients with Down syndrome only.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We conclude that low bone mass is an extremely prevalent condition in adult patients with DS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results Significant differences were observed between pre- and post-application of FES regarding cheek appearance (flaccidity and arching), tongue mobility (right and left[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] syndrome patent ductus arteriosus tetralogy of Fallot Many children with heart defects also develop pulmonary hypertension, a condition that can cause lasting lung damage if left[childrenshospital.org] […] the linguistic abilities of individuals with DS, in order to allow the elaboration of strategies that stimulate their communicative abilities as to promote greater social insertion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Irrigation

    […] this report we describe a case of a massive adverse reaction to the irrigation of surgical wound dehiscence with 10 percent povidone-iodine solution after deep-impacted, lower[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, she experienced a recurrence in the left neck region 1 year later.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Surgical site infections (SSI) are common complications after open ventral hernia repair (OVHR), potentially requiring further intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first case described involved an 88-year-old woman undergoing pacemaker insertion to correct bradycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We used a long shaft irrigation device connected to an infuser pump to water test mitral valve repair in 104 consecutive patients with severe mitral regurgitation due to type[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the maxilla, the bone loss was 1.04 0.63 mm in group A and 0.71 0.36 mm in group B (p 0.05), while bone loss in the mandible was 0.59 0.80 mm in group A and 0.69 0.77 mm[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Meta-regression revealed that region and class of irrigation medication completely explained the variance among studies and implied that effects of region were masked by medication[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A total of nine patients with groin infections were identified, with two aortobifemoral bypasses, two axillofemoral bypasses, three femoral-femoral bypasses, one femoral artery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Which surgical treatment for open tibial shaft fractures results in the fewest reoperations? A network meta-analysis.[healio.com] Abstract We herein report a case of a renal pelvic tumor that developed in the residual left renal pelvis after right nephroureterectomy, left ureterectomy and total cystectomy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Bone Tumor

    Their quality of life was significantly lower than the norm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Intercalary reconstructions typically result in superior function compared to other limb-sparing procedures as the patient's native joints above and below the reconstruction are left[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgical bone reconstruction was performed using a tumor-bearing frozen autograft. Bone union was achieved at 7 months after the first surgical procedure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the related factors affecting infection risk caused by peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) for bone tumor patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Bone malignant tumor; Pseudoaneurysm; Tibial shaft[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In fact, malignant bone tumors (bone sarcomas) account for only 0.2% of all cancers.[symptoma.com] Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.[nlm.nih.gov] Evidence suggests that an osteointegrated hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated collar would reduce the incidence of aseptic loosening around the cemented intramedullary stem in distal femoral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 48-year-old female without previous thyroid disease accidentally found a tumor over her left mandible bone and underwent excision of the tumor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of extended resection with osteotomy, fenestration and conservation of muscle (tendon) insertion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

    Preoperative HHS was lower in the AS group (55.6 13.8 vs. 59.2 2.8). Similarly, postoperative HHS was significantly lower in the AS group (92.8 2.7 vs. 97.4 2.6).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 16-year-old autistic boy presented with left hip pain following an episode of seizures and radiographs showed Delbet type II fracture neck of the left femur.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract 26 consecutive patients (37 hips) with avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head treated surgically at our institution from 1999 to 2008 were reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All of the patients using each insertion site were combined together for analysis to determine the overall AVN complication rate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The goal of this study was to determine the incidence of avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) after intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgery involved curettage of necrotic bone, implantation of spongy bone, and application of a vascularized pedicle bone graft.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] China. 3 Department of Immunology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Four cases of femoral neck fracture following avascular necrosis of the femoral head were studied histologically.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early stages of AVN with preserved structural integrity of the subchondral plate are accessible to retrograde surgical procedures, such as core decompression to reduce the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Low back pain and/or pain radiating to one or both lower limbs can result from causes other than intervertebral disc disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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