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  • Eosinophilic Granuloma

    This lesion was histologically diagnosed by needle biopsy and then treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After excision of the EG, the postoperative course was eventful.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This approach gives a wider and safer access to the surgeon than the posterior approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of EG in the occipital bone in a 36-year-old man, who visited our hospital with the chief complaint of left occipital palpable tumor mass with local tenderness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: The rapid progress of eosinophilic granuloma, the diagnostic problems, and the consequences of late diagnosis and treatment are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography showed osteolytic defects without sclerotic margins filled with soft tissue masses involving the mastoid bone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Endoscopy and endoscopic multiple deep biopsies in suspected areas are indispensable for correct diagnosis of GEG.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Sixty-six patients with symptomatic solitary eosinophilic granuloma of the appendicular skeleton treated by incisional or percutaneous biopsy and methylprednisolone[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] side of her face, right headache, and right orbital proptosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Irrigation

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic debridement and irrigation for thoracic infections and to make an appropriate choice according[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No patient required repeat aspiration or surgical excision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A possibilistic approach, based on fuzzy set theory, was used to propagate the uncertain input values through the QRA model to estimate the possible range of hazard concentrations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At that time, reexploration of the left mastoid cavity was performed, with debridement of diseased occipital bone and foramen magnum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: The D3 right colectomy for cancer requires dissection in the vicinity of the superior mesenteric vessels, which requires preoperative 3D imaging in these patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the maxilla, the bone loss was 1.04 0.63 mm in group A and 0.71 0.36 mm in group B (p 0.05), while bone loss in the mandible was 0.59 0.80 mm in group A and 0.69 0.77 mm[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Endoscopy can observe the anatomical components in a deeply located and/or hidden area during neurosurgical procedures under the operating microscope.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe herein our approach to managing pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] State-of-the-art diagnostic tests for EOC include transvaginal ultrasonography and serum cancer antigen (CA-125) measurements; the specificity of these diagnostic tools however[clinicaltrials.gov]

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  • Meningioma

    We present the case of a dyslipidemic male patient, previously diagnosed with coronary artery disease for which he previously underwent percutaneous coronary intervention[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The transsylvian route of excising a tumor poses difficulty in exposing and safeguarding encased vessels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: meningioma; microsurgery; petrosal approach; skull base surgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It was a removed via a left-sided occipital interhemispheric approach, performed with the patient in the lateral position.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Right aortic arch is an unusual arch variation. Supra-aortic neurointervention in such cases has been sparingly reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hereby, we present a case of a two-year-old boy presented with a diagnostically challenging intraventricular tumor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Depending on the relationship with the bone, meningiomas were classified as hyperostotic, osteolytic, infiltrative, or unrelated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: endoscopic; meningioma; neuroendoscopy; transsphenoidal; transtuberculum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Simpson grade 1 excision was achieved in 9 patients (11.3%), whereas grade 2 excision was achieved in 57 patients (71.3%); 80% of the tumors belonged to WHO grade 1.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Osteoid Osteoma

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma (OO) in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: To describe a microendoscopic posterior approach for excision of an osteoid osteoma of C2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A small safety and feasibility clinical trial by Yarmolenko et al found that this approach appeared to be both feasible and safe in children with painful osteoid osteoma.[emedicine.medscape.com] A 30-year-old woman who presented with a four-month history of occipital and suboccipital pain was treated by CT-guided RFA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Osteoid osteoma may be a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. 2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Osteoid osteoma is a benign, bone-forming tumor that rarely involves the carpal bones.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PURPOSE: The Authors illustrate the feasibility of an open biopsy and complete excision of Osteoid Osteoma involving the C2 vertebral body performed via endoscopic anterior[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The pain was worsened 4 months prior to presentation and was associated with frequent occipital headaches.[ard.bmj.com]

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  • Fracture

    He was treated with emergent percutaneous fixation of the fracture segment without interbody or posterolateral fusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Femoral head fractures were treated with internal fixation or excision based on the size of the fracture fragments, whereas acetabular fractures were fixed with a reconstruction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To avoid iatrogenic neurovascular injuries, we changed the approach to the classic Henry's approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Clivus fracture; Hypoglossal canal; Occipital condyle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On routine follow-up visits, the angulation of the right femur in the fetus gradually improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There was perfect interobserver concordance in terms of diagnostic acceptability (kappa   0.931, 0.905).The use of an appropriate low-dose CT scanning technique is satisfactory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] "Broken bones" redirects here. For other uses, see Broken Bones .[en.wikipedia.org] Despite being a high-risk population, timely endoscopic evaluation can be safely undertaken to optimise patient outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conclusion: Histology can be used in a bimodal fashion as a diagnostic test for FRI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Synovial Cyst

    Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This fact could be explained by the technical difficulties of surgical excision related to anatomical location.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An intradural cyst resection without fusion was performed via the anterolateral approach. The diagnosis of a synovial cyst was histologically confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior fixation between occipital and C 2 without resection of the mass was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI revealed a space occupying intraspinal lesion that was close to the right-sided L4-L5 facet joint and an extraspinal lesion posterior to the right-sided L5 lamina.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The medical history revealed a recent diagnostic cardiac catheterization at the same site and rheumatoid arthritis under oral treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a 68-year-old woman in whom a bone allograft had been used during total knee arthroplasty owing to a massive segmental medial tibia plateau defect 4 years earlier[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein, a novel technique in which we used an endoscopic transfacet approach to treat a patient with symptomatic lumbar synovial cyst is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diagnosis of a Synovial Cyst X-ray – produce images of bones, and provide an overall assessment of bone anatomy and alignment of the spinal column.[neurosurgeonsofnewjersey.com]

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  • Bone Metastasis

    Palliative pain relief and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation combined with cement injection for bone metastasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He underwent lobectomies and excision of the right fourth and fifth rib bones.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thus, DKK1 represents a class of Janus-faced molecules with dichotomous roles in organotropic metastasis, and our data provide a rationale for new anti-metastasis approaches[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] time of right-side occipital craniotomy, the patient felt right chest pain and neck pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two independent reviewers assessed the methodological quality using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 tool.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] may become symptomatic early in the course of disease as compared to metastases to the flat bones of the rib or sternum. [6] Effects of bone metastasis severe pain bone fractures[en.wikipedia.org] Abstract A 67-year-old male underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) to treat early gastric cancer (EGC) in 2001.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] duration of a large primary lesion on the head or neck, 23 recalcitrance to treatment, 1 immunodeficiency combined with stromal independence of the tumor, 24 inadequate excision[mdedge.com] Thanks to sophisticated imaging, immunohistochemical testing and molecular-profiling tools, there is a more accurate approach to unknown primary cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Scar Tissue

    In 10 patients, requiring a 20 Fr sheath, a 6 mm percutaneous transluminal angioplasty balloon was used; and in the remaining 15, requiring a 24 Fr sheath, an 8 mm percutaneous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A simultaneous approach with total scar tissue excision and resurfacing with Integra may reduce the number of operations and the prolonged time period of treatment required[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The scalp strips or follicular unit extracts were harvested from occipital, posterior auricular, dog-eared scalp, adjacent scalp area, and nuchal area.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An unenhanced T1 mapping technique was used to calculate T1 relaxation time of myocardial scar tissue, and its diagnostic performance was evaluated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The femoral neck z score and bone mass density values, 25(OH) vitamin D3, and bone-specific ALP were significantly lower in injured compared with the control group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Biopsy samples of epidural scar tissue resting in the posterior epidural and periradicular space were obtained from 15 patients, using an endoscopic grasping forceps, in locations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tumor was excised with wide tissue margin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We propose a novel multi-region segmentation approach through a partially-ordered ports (POP) model to segment myocardial scar tissue solely from 3D cardiac delayed-enhancement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Persistent Vegetative State

    […] without percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this chapter, we argue that in order to most effectively define the degree and extent of preserved cognitive function in persistent vegetative state, a hierarchical approach[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neuropathological findings included extensive bilateral thalamic scarring, bilateral cortical scars primarily in the occipital pole and parasagittal parieto-occipital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is suggested that this mechanism ignores two fundamental human rights: self-determination and the inherent right to dignity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the future, modern diagnostic techniques may help identify patients who are in a subclinical minimally conscious state.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What both approaches have in common is the belief that the person in a persistent vegetative state may, at some level, be able to perceive and begin to process information[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furthermore, the MCS patients showed intermediate values of occipital alpha source power between REC and NON-REC patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] malignant infarction of the right hemisphere leading to a persistent vegetative state and severe spastic tetraparesis with recurrent myocloni.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case illustrates a successful multidisciplinary approach that may be useful as a template in similar situations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Parathyroid Adenoma

    We report the use of percutaneous ultrasound-guided alcohol ablation of a parathyroid adenoma as an alternative to surgery in an 88-year-old male patient with significant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Parathyroid hormone level dropped from 135.8 to 13.3 pg/ml 15 min after excision of the mass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is the first to describe in detail the successful completion of a robotic parathyroidectomy via an RA approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A case is presented of 41-year-old woman with giant cell tumor in parieto-occipital region with injury of external bone lamina, growing into the skull cavity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A right-sided parathyroidectomy, right thyroid lobectomy, and level VI neck dissection were performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnostic multiphase CT was acquired at 1.25-mm section thickness.[ajnr.org] Abstract A young 18-year-old female patient with general bone pain and history of multiple fractures brought her to our medical attention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Endoscopic investigation showed submucosal hemorrhage in the pharynx and larynx.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2006;16(2):112–6. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 7. Rhim H, Lim HK.[link.springer.com]

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