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3,888 Possible Causes for Encephalitis, acquired, due, to, Toxoplasmosis

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    Encephalitis may manifest with cerebellar dysfunction, or it may be global and rapidly progressive, similar to herpes simplex encephalitis, but is usually self-limited.[merck.com] AIM: To depict the grey-scale and Doppler features of cervical lymphadenopathy due to infectious mononucleosis (IM) and to compare the findings with other benign conditions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with negative results may have another infection, such as toxoplasmosis, streptococcal infection, cytomegalovirus infection, or another viral infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Epstein-Barr virus infection acquired during adolescence is asymptomatic or associated with the syndrome of acute infectious mononucleosis.[emedicine.medscape.com] We present a patient who developed anti-MOG antibody-positive ADEM following infectious mononucleosis (IM) due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Influenza

    CONCLUSIONS: In highly prevalent area, influenza-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy should be considered irrespective of seasons.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Unfortunately, the patient died due to severe brain ischemia; a subsequent autopsy revealed marked alveolar hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] While studies have reported cases of influenza infections acquired during travel, here we examine two cases of severe influenza infection contracted in the country of origin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thompson et al. also estimated deaths due to both influenza and respiratory syncytial virus for the period 1990–1999.[aje.oxfordjournals.org] The overall burden of health care facility–acquired influenza is uncertain.[doi.org]

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  • Meningitis

    Japanese encephalitis was the most common identifiable cause of encephalitis accounting for 33% of cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Volume contraction due to CSW may contribute to stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It can be justified in some cases, however, to exclude mass lesions and other HIV‐related pathology (e.g. toxoplasmosis, CNS lymphoma).[doi.org] We report a patient who presented with community-acquired chronic meningitis secondary to P. aeruginosa, related to surgery for otosclerosis 5 years previously.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This review summarizes recent changes in the treatment of adults with community-acquired bacterial meningitis.[doi.org]

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  • Cerebral Toxoplasmosis

    Consequently, cotrimoxazole could be a first-line drug regimen for curative treatment and prophylaxis of toxoplasmic encephalitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We described two patients with AIDS treated for cerebral toxoplasmosis who developed renal failure due to sulphadiazine-induced crystalluria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Immunodeficient children with acquired toxoplasmosis have high rates of mortality and neurological sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, isolated secondary ovarian failure due to gonadotrophin deficiency is rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: Cerebral infections like toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) may negatively influence HIV-1-activity so far latent in the brain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Toxoplasmosis

    The infection can cause severe and potentially fatal encephalitis because of the reactivation of latent infections in the setting of immune suppression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We reported a rare case of acute toxoplasmosis in a stray dog due to clonal type I infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] How do I know I have toxoplasmosis? Routine screening for toxoplasmosis is not recommended.[aafp.org] Today, the acquired form occurs predominantly in immunocompromised patients with human immunodeficiency virus or after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This protein is highly conformational due to the presence of six disulfide bonds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Congenital Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    Whether these abnormalities were due to toxoplasmic encephalitis or to concomitant HIV encephalitis is unknown.[nejm.org] Congenital acquired immune deficiency syndrome occurs due to mother-to-child transmission of HIV in utero, during delivery or breast-feeding.[symptoma.com] The thymic histopathology was that seen in childhood AIDS cases and not that seen in primary congenital toxoplasmosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to hiv infection and treatment Myelitis due to hiv Nephropathy due to hiv Neuropathy due to human immunodeficiency virus Non-hodgkin lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency[icd10data.com] […] as indicative of underlying cellular immunodeficiency children are the same as those used in defining AIDS in adults, with the exclusion of congenital infections such as toxoplasmosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Disseminated Toxoplasmosis

    Toxoplasma gondii is considered the opportunistic agent most frequently causing severe encephalitis in AIDS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case represents both the first reported case of toxoplasmosis in an engrafted cord blood recipient, and also of graft failure due to toxoplasmosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Disseminated toxoplasmosis in AIDS is a rare condition. We present an unusual case of a fulminant form of disseminated toxoplasmosis in a young male homosexual.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Fourteen cases of toxoplasmosis in subjects at autopsy with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Encephalitis due to the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii has emerged as a common cause of central nervous system disease in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    McArthur First published March 1, 1994, DOI: Abstract Cytomegalovirus encephalitis (CMVE) is frequently diagnosed only at postmortem because its specific clinical features[neurology.org] We report a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who had central nervous system infection due to M. haemophilum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we present a case of toxoplasmosis associated with extensive brain masses and cavitary lung lesions, both of which improved with directed toxoplasmosis therapy, in an[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is considered to be the most severe stage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.[symptoma.com] KEYWORDS: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Aging; Epidermis; Skin [Indexed for MEDLINE] Free full text[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Ocular Toxoplasmosis

    Genetic and environmental factors influencing OT will be presented and commonalities between OT and toxoplasmic encephalitis will be briefly discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Treatment modalities for choroidal neovascularization due to ocular toxoplasmosis include laser photocoagulation, surgery, corticosteroids, and verteporfin therapy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PURPOSE: To describe the course of ocular toxoplasmosis during pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and laboratory findings of eight patients with focal chorioretinitis presumably caused by acquired toxoplasmosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The parasite damages the ocular and central nervous systems, causing behavioral and personality alterations as well as fatal necrotizing encephalitis.[books.google.com]

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  • Congenital Herpes Simplex

    Patel M (2007) Herpes simplex encephalitis. eMedicine, Radiology, Brain/spine. .[link.springer.com] Two thirds of newborn infants with encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus and half of the children with symptomatic congenital infection by cytomegalovirus develop sequelae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (congenital) 771.2 Microphthalmos (congenital) 743.10 due to toxoplasmosis (congenital) 771.2 Poliomyelitis (acute) (anterior) (epidemic) 045.9 congenital 771.2 Toxoplasmosis[icd9data.com] The herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes birth-acquired herpes. The highest risk for birth-acquired herpes is during a mother’s first, or primary, infection.[healthline.com] The issue of congenital infection due to the herpes simplex viruses is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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