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1,646 Possible Causes for Lateral, Nucleus, Posterior, Thalamus, of, the

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    The CPG serially activates the cranial nerve motor neurons, including the nucleus ambiguus and vagal dorsal motor nucleus, which then innervate the muscles of deglutition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] lantencies (about 29 ms) of the normal R2 raises the possibility that the impulses may travel along the longer pathways through the opposite medial lemniscus and up to the thalamus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lateral medullary syndrome is a neurological disorder causing a range of symptoms due to ischemia in the lateral part of the medulla oblongata in the brainstem.[en.wikipedia.org] Definition (NCI) A syndrome caused by an infarct in the vertebral or posterior inferior cerebellar artery.[fpnotebook.com] 2000) Cytoarchitectonic and immunohistochemical characterization of a specific pain and temperature relay, the posterior portion of the ventral medial nucleus, in the human thalamus[books.google.de] Vertigo Vestibular nucleus Ipsilateral Horseness Nucleus ambiguus Ipsilateral Dysphagia Nucleus ambiguus Ipsilateral Horner syndrome Descending sympathetics Contralateral[strokecenter.org]

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  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Occlusion

    […] occlusion of the posterior cerebral artery just distal to its junction with the posterior communicating artery may produce contralateral hemiplegia without oculomotor nerve nucleus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In cases with good collateral filling, the infarction was restricted to the thalamus; in those with poor filling, it involved most of the PCA's territory, and hemorrhagic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Following a head injury, a 14-month-old male presented with neck stiffness and 24 hours later developed bilateral lateral rectus palsies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The level of the occlusion in the posterior cerebral artery may be located distal to the junction with the posterior communicating artery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Syndrome of the upper lesion characterized by the involvement of the red nucleus and / or Dent- ruber-thalamic tract, say a rough contralateral ataxia.[minclinic.ru] In Patient 2 they were at first paroxysmal and unformed, with more prolonged metamorphopsia; later there appeared to be palinoptic formed images, possibly postictal in nature[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Thrombosis

    […] of Cajal, nucleus of Darkschewitsch, and posterior commissure.[fmritools.com] Percheron G (1977) Les artères du thalamus humain.[link.springer.com] […] view) One month later, the patient was sent for endovascular treatment in our service.[surgicalneurologyint.com] Infarction of the lateral geniculate nucleus may produce hemianopia, quadrantanopia, or sectoranopia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Proximal PCA involvement results in coexistent infarction of the lateral thalamus, with contralateral hemisensory findings.[casemed.case.edu] — one of the key uses of a Caldwell in the posterior fossa Stereo Lateral below, again showing the lateral choroidal above the medial one; Red posterior lateral choroidal[neuroangio.org]

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  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Occlusion with Infarction

    Infarction of the lateral geniculate nucleus may produce hemianopia, quadrantanopia, or sectoranopia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Percheron G (1977) Les artères du thalamus humain.[link.springer.com] — one of the key uses of a Caldwell in the posterior fossa Stereo Lateral below, again showing the lateral choroidal above the medial one; Red posterior lateral choroidal[neuroangio.org] Posterior circulation stroke syndromes 2.[slideshare.net] The basilar artery gives off paramedian branches that supply the oculomotor (III) nerve nucleus and the red nucleus (RN).[neupsykey.com] Proximal PCA involvement results in coexistent infarction of the lateral thalamus, with contralateral hemisensory findings.[casemed.case.edu]

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  • Pyramidal Tract Disorder

    Description The Rubrospinal tract is a descending pathway which originates in the Red Nucleus and descends to the spinal cord. [1] Anatomy Origin The Red Nucleus of the midbrain[physio-pedia.com] All fibers from the thalamus projecting to the cerebral cortex.[library.med.utah.edu] Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) , also known as Lou Gehrig disease or Charcot disease , is the most common form of motor neurone disease 1,4 resulting in progressive weakness[radiopaedia.org] This suggests a pure sensory ataxia caused primarily by involvement of the preganglionic sensory nerve fibres (posterior column).[jmg.bmj.com] ", keywords "Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Betz cells, Degeneration, Dementia, Pyramidal signs, Pyramidal tract", author "K. Tsuchiya and K.[keio.pure.elsevier.com] .  Origin:- arises from nucleus magnocellularis or red nucleus in midbrain  Course :- fibres cross to the opposite side in the lower part of tegmentum of midbrain  After[slideshare.net]

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  • Posterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion

    Medullary structures perfused by the PICA include: the nucleus and descending tract of the fifth nerve, the nucleus ambiguus, lateral spinothalamic tracts, inferior cerebellar[stepwards.com] Posterior thalamoperforating arteries branch off the P1 segment and supply blood to the midbrain and thalamus.[radiologyassistant.nl] What is lateral pontine syndrome? Neurological symptoms due to injury to lateral part of the pons. When does it happen?[medicowesome.com] Proximal Coil Occlusion for Dissecting Aneurysm of the Proximal Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery. 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College[jkns.or.kr] Postoperative DSA confirmed bypass patency supplying the bilateral SCA territory [ Figure 5a ] and showed bilateral posterior cerebral arteries via the posterior communicating[surgicalneurologyint.com] Etiology Clinical features Clinical features Structure affected Ipsilateral Dysphagia Gag reflex Hoarseness , dysphonia Nucleus ambiguus motoric nucleus Ataxia , dysmetria[amboss.com]

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  • Benedict Syndrome

    Infarctions of the red nucleus, cerebral peduncle, oculomotor fascicles, and the lower oculomotor nucleus are most commonly observed.[symptoma.com] Hence, the thalamus plays a critical role in sensory, motor, arousal, cognitive, and behavioral functions.[medlink.com] Later in this patient's course, the pupillary function became normal, even though a complete external oculomotor nerve palsy persisted.[docshare.tips] Site of the lesion: left lateral medulla.[lessons4medicos.blogspot.com] 2000) Cytoarchitectonic and immunohistochemical characterization of a specific pain and temperature relay, the posterior portion of the ventral medial nucleus, in the human thalamus[books.google.com] Benedikt syndrome Benedikt syndrome is a posterior circulation stoke of the brain.[healthy--mind.blogspot.com]

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  • Essential Tremor

    Concentrations of GABA(B) receptors in the dentate nucleus were inversely correlated with the duration of essential tremor symptoms (r(2)   0.44, P   0.05), suggesting that[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and propose that the central oscillator in patients with essential tremor may not be the inferior olive in all cases, but rather the nucleus ventralis intermedius of the thalamus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Whether the observed case-control difference persists at a second time point, years later, is unknown.[doi.org] Leads causing dysgeusia were more posterior than non-dysgeusia-associated leads (4.5   1.2 vs. 5.7   1.8 mm anterior to the posterior commissure, respectively, P Copyright[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: diffusion tensor image; essential tremor; fiber tractography; premotor cortex; thalamus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] disappearance of essential tremor on the contralateral side to the hematoma, which involved the nucleus ventralis intermedius (Vim) of the thalamus and a portion of the posterior[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Fatal Familial Insomnia

    2 3 1 – – – – – – – – – Lateral geniculate nucleus 0 1 0 – – – – – – – – – Subthalamic nucleus 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 – – – Hypothalamus Paraventricular nucleus 0 1 0 – – – –[academic.oup.com] The neurodegeneration is isolated to a specific part of the brain called the thalamus . The thalamus is the relay center for the brain.[study.com] PET shows pronounced thalamic and limbic hypometabolism that becomes more widespread in later stages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prominent hypometabolism was observed in the bilateral caudate nuclei, thalami, hypothalamus, frontotemporal cortices, posterior cingulate gyri, precuneus and midbrain.[karger.com] The thalamus revealed severe neuronal loss and gliosis in the medial dorsal nucleus.[jamanetwork.com] In the case of fatal familial insomnia, the affected area of the brain is the area responsible for sleep, the thalamus.[www-personal.umd.umich.edu]

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  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Historical note and terminology Thalamic syndrome due to vascular lesions involving the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus was first delineated early in the nineteenth[medlink.com] 100 g/minute) were as follows: frontal region, 36.2 /- 5.1 (-14.8%, n 28); parietal region, 42.3 /- 4.7 (-19.1%, n 29); temporal region, 41.5 /- 2.8 (-12.6%, n 12); and thalamus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Lateral mass plating is a safe fixating system for lower cervical fractures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The other patient had profuse nosebleed and was treated with posterior tamponation during which she sat for about 10 min with the neck hyperextended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSION: This dual involvement of the superior rectus and levator palpebrae muscles supports the anatomical arrangement of the ocular motor nucleus fascicles in the midbrain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] See-saw nystagmus: an unusual sign of brain-stem infarction. ( 4847304 ) Mastaglia F.L. 1974 44 Sleep patterns in a patient with a brain stem infarction involving the raphe nucleus[malacards.org]

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