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1,461 Possible Causes for Lateral, hypothalamic, nucleus, preoptic

  • Hypothalamic Lesion

    Stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH) did not affect the nerve activity, but lesion increased it gradually and then remarkably.[ajpregu.physiology.org] Her work-up demonstrated SIADH secondary to a discrete enhancing hypothalamic lesion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is concluded that intact lateral hypothalamic areas are essential for successful learning of active shock avoidance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this way, preoptic neurons compare and integrate central and peripheral thermal information.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypothalamic Adipsic Hypernatraemia Syndrome

    […] areas; 4, supraoptic nucleus; 5, arcuate nucleus; 6, dorsal hypothalamic area; 7, dorsomedial nucleus; 8, ventromedial nucleus; 9, posterior hypothalamic area; 10, mamillary[clinicalgate.com] Conclusions: This is the first case of precocious puberty identified in association with the more classic features of idiopathic hypothalamic dysfunction, including later-onset[nebraska.pure.elsevier.com] Osmoregulation of AVP is mediated by osmoreceptors located in the anteromedial hypothalamus near the neurohypophyseal cell bodies in the supraoptic nucleus.[nephronpower.com] Lopez-Capape M, Golmayo L, Lorenzo G, Gallego N, Barrio R: Hypothalamic adipic hypernatraemia syndrome with normal osmoregulation of vasopressin.[karger.com]

  • Precocious Puberty

    KEYWORDS: CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone; GFAP glial fibrillary acidic protein; HH hypothalamic hamartoma; LH luteinizing hormone; corticotropin-releasing hormone; hypothalamic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , rather than later.[sciencedaily.com] Mkrn3 mRNA Levels in the Murine Arcuate Nucleus Figure 3. Figure 3.[doi.org] Differential disruption of nuclear volume and neuronal phenotype in the preoptic area by neonatal exposure to genistein and bisphenol-A .[doi.org]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    The CPG serially activates the cranial nerve motor neurons, including the nucleus ambiguus and vagal dorsal motor nucleus, which then innervate the muscles of deglutition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The long tracts involved are the spinothalamic tract and the descending hypothalamic fibers.[vertigoexercises.us] […] neurological disorder causing a range of symptoms due to ischemia in the lateral part of the medulla oblongata in the brainstem Posterior inferior cerebellar artery syndrome[wikidata.org] Descending hypothalamic tracts affected. Contralateral loss of pain and temperature. Why? Lateral spinothalamic tract affected. Ipsilateral cerebellar ataxia. Why?[medicowesome.com]

    Missing: preoptic
  • Glucocorticoid

    Ligand-bound GR translocates into the nucleus and can elicit changes in gene expression by direct contact with the DNA or by protein-protein interactions with other transcription[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The effect of Dex on hypothalamic NPR-A expression and cGMP content in the water-deprived rats. [ A ], [ B ] Effect of Dex pretreatment on hypothalamic NPR-A expression in[doi.org] Patients suffering from more chronic pain can receive varying degrees of symptomatic relief with lateral hip corticosteroid and local anaesthetic injections.[doi.org] Cortisol binds to the glucocorticoid receptor in the cytoplasm and the hormone-receptor complex is then translocated into the nucleus, where it binds to its DNA response element[vivo.colostate.edu]

  • Diencephalic Syndrome

    […] magnocellular nucleus the ventral division , consisting of the ventral part of the parvocellular nucleus.[kenhub.com] BACKGROUND: Diencephalic syndrome (DS) is a complex of signs and symptoms related to hypothalamic dysfunction; its main features are emaciation, despite a normal or slightly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] significance of age in the manifestation of the syndrome is briefly discussed, especially in relation to the tendency toward normalization in the growth hormone level at a later[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, because of its characteristic histopathology and behaviour, it was later segregated from pilocytic astrocytomas.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Circadian Rhythm

    Although, the number of AVP-positive neurons was decreased in neither the supraoptic nucleus nor the paraventricular nucleus, the number of AVP-positive neurons in the SCN[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: GLP-1 glucagon-like peptide-1; HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; HPA axis hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis; IR insulin resistance; QS[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The third recording, made two months later, showed again good fit of core body temperature with 24 hour cycle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain mechanisms involved in the regulation of body temperature include the preoptic area and the suprachiasmatic nuclei, both of which are located in the hypothalamus.[doi.org]

  • Normosmic Congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

    The observed restoration of gonadotropin secretion by exogenous GnRH administration further supports, in humans, the hypothalamic origin of the gonadotropin deficiency in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SJ, Rance NE (2006) Coexpression of dynorphin and neurokinin B immunoreactivity in the rat hypothalamus:Morphologic evidence of interrelated function within the arcuate nucleus[br.123dok.com] […] a single serum sample (between 4-8 weeks of life) can pinpoint congenital GnRH deficiency far more rapidly and with much greater accuracy than dynamic tests performed in later[bioportfolio.com] Organism-specific databases Subcellular location i Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus[uniprot.org]

  • Hypopituitarism

    Several reports have shown that leptin is involved in regulating release of TRH from a defined population of TRH neurons in the paraventricular nucleus.[web.archive.org] PURPOSE: Hypothalamic-pituitary (HP) neurosarcoidosis (NS) accounts for 0.5 % cases of sarcoidosis and 1 % of HP masses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two patients were diagnosed later. Both had difficulty breastfeeding and amenorrhea, and one also had headaches.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe hyponatremia was suggestive of hypopituitarism development and the later was documented by hormonal status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    One-third of patients with vascular dementia are found to have significant Alzheimer disease pathology with cholinergic deficits in the nucleus basalis of Meynert. [8] Vascular[emedicine.medscape.com] They may fail to recognise food, they may lose the normal physiological drivers of appetite and satiety due to changes in limbic or hypothalamic function, or may, in advanced[doi.org] Hearing loss may be associated with increased risk of dementia in later life and therefore could be a modifiable risk factor, given the availability of efficacious interventions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Yokukansan and Yokukansankachimpihange Ameliorate Aggressive Behaviors in Rats with Cholinergic Degeneration in the Nucleus Basalis of Meynert .[doi.org]

    Missing: preoptic