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74 Possible Causes for Lateral, medial, nucleus, of, parabrachial, subnucleus

  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    In the pons, the area of orexin immunoreactive fibres were quantified in the locus coeruleus (LC), dorsal raphe (DR), laterodorsal tegmental (LDT), medial parabrachial, dorsal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The volume of the right arcuate nucleus of the SIDS case was 0.7 mm3, compared to a range of 3.4-26.3 mm3 (median 5 mm3) in three infant controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She was treated with propranolol and remains well 2 years later.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] DMVN whose large neurons were reduced and were recognizable mainly at the level of the medial fringe; the lateral prominence corresponded to the solitary nucleus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . • Maternal smoking prevalence significantly increased from the one-month medical checkup to one year later, and smoking mothers were more likely to feed infants by formula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and all three subdivisions of the inferior portion of the olivo-cerebellar complex; the principal inferior olivary complex (PIO), medial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of subnucleus
  • Blepharoptosis

    Acquired ptosis Acute or subacute diseases Intoxications Syphilis Lesions of the brain Other causes Congenital ptosis Abnormal development of the levator muscle Failure of the nucleus[jamanetwork.com] The ptosis caused by the oculomotor palsy can be unilateral or bilateral, as the subnucleus to the levator muscle is a shared, midline structure in the brainstem.[en.wikipedia.org] The average length of the lateral thigh incision was 1.25 cm. The margin reflex distance improved in all cases at 6 months postoperatively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the orbital CT images, a 17 mm 20 mm-sized medial orbital bony defect was observed and the medial rectus muscle and orbital fat were herniated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two plication sutures were made: medial suture at the medial border of the pupil and lateral between the lateral border of the pupil and the lateral limbus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: Three previously healthy patients underwent reconstruction for orbital medial wall fracture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Machado-Joseph Disease

    […] reticular nucleus; MRT medial reticular nucleus; SPV spinal trigeminal nucleus.[academic.oup.com] Pathological lesions included the spinal cord (spinocerebellar tracts, anterolateral fascicles, and posterior column), cerebellar dentate nucleus, pontine nucleus, pallidum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies of the brain have shown poor perfusion in the parietal lobes, inferior portion of the frontal lobes, medial and[symptoma.com] […] disease vestibular function spinocerebellar ataxia ADCA, autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia DRPLA, dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy MJD, Machado-Joseph disease MVN, medial[jnnp.bmj.com] Almost invariably, the substantia nigra and the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum bear the brunt of the disease, and these lesions account for the Parkinsonian and ataxic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: The patient noted dysesthesia of his hands at age 57 and later had memory disturbance. He had gait disturbance and needed a wheelchair at age 64.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Anisocoria

    […] the 24 protocols these differences ranged between 13.8% (t(1415) 3.06, P CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of signal from the pretectal olivary nuclei to each Edinger-Westphal nucleus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is primarily transferred via parasympathetic fibres that originate from the Edinger-Westphal subnucleus of cranial nerve III in the midbrain.[symptoma.com] Through many publications, this phenomenon was soon assessed and confirmed to be physiologic, while the cause of the pupil reaction in lateral gaze was extensively discussed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with inter-medial canthal distance of 38 mm [Figure - 1] and [Figure - 2] .[jpgmonline.com] The parasympathetic pathway ( figure above ) originates in the Edinger-Westphal nucleus in the dorsal mid brain and exits to run with cranial nerve III (oculomotor nerve)[casemed.case.edu] The parasympathetic fibers begin in the Edinger-Westphal subnucleus of cranial nerve III in the midbrain.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Ophthalmoplegia

    In this case, the lesion is affecting the MLF between the left CN6 nucleus and the right CN3 nucleus. Q4. What are the possible causes of this clinical finding?[lifeinthefastlane.com] Thus, a midbrain or pontine lesion of the MLF results in the ipsilateral medial rectus subnucleus of the CN III nucleus not receiving signals from the contralateral CN VI[radiopaedia.org] The lateral rectus muscles are innervated by the abducens nerve (VI).[symptoma.com] […] magnetic resonance imaging findings of relapsing pachymeningitis with an inflammatory process in the apex of the right orbit and pseudotumor inflammation of the superior and lateral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The medial rectus subnucleus of cranial nerve III and the motoneurons of cranial nerve VI are responsible for mediating adduction and abduction of the eye, respectively.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] […] tentorial herniation, infection, tumor, hemorrhage and vasculitis. 4 The MLF connects internuclear neurons of the sixth nerve nucleus to the contralateral medial rectus subnucleus[reviewofoptometry.com]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Atypical Facial Pain

    Two different treatment procedures on the trigeminal tract and nucleus in a series of cases with AFP are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] View Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar Sugimoto T, He YF, Xiao C, Ichikawa H. c-fos induction in the subnucleus oralis following trigeminal nerve stimulation.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com] The significance of these results to etiological theories of chronic pain lateralization is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These structures are closely related to the "medial pain system".[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein, the authors present two other viable approaches (nucleus caudalis dorsal root entry zone lesioning and motor cortex stimulation), their indications, and finally a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] facial pain was first described by Temple Fay in 1927 as a vascular syndrome of dull, throbbing pain situated deep in the eye and malar region often referred toward the ear, lateral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Abducens Nerve Palsy

    About 40% of its neurons project into the ipsilateral MLF only to cross over to the contralateral side and ascend to innervate that contralateral medial rectus subnucleus[emedicine.medscape.com] The extraocular movement of the lateral rectus was -1 limitation for the right eye and -4 limitations for the left.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Superior rectus transposition with or without medial rectus recession has been advocated for the treatment of abducens nerve palsy and esotropic Duane syndrome[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abducens internuclear neurons, which project to the contralateral medial rectus subnucleus of the oculomotor nucleus via the medial longitudinal fasciculus 3.[collections.lib.utah.edu] Autopsies show absent VI nerves and absent or hypoplastic VI nuclei, with aberrant innervation of the lateral rectus by axons from the medial rectus subnucleus (87-89).[neuroophthalmology.ca] Our approach involves reanimating the lateral rectus based on force measurements from the opposing medial rectus.[grantome.com]

    Missing: of parabrachial
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    ARAS nuclei included: cuneiform/subcuneiform, dorsal raphe, locus coeruleus, median raphe, parabrachial complex, pontine oralis, pedunculopontine and ventral tegmental area[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Unintentional damage to the lateral geniculate nucleus could explain this outcome, said Andres M.[mdedge.com] PET/CT demonstrated the greatest lateralizing ability of any of the imaging modalities and had the highest concordance rate for lateralization with EEG, highlighting its increasing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Some patients with temporal lobe epilepsy have bilateral discharges and a few have bilateral medial temporal sclerosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Involvement of medial pulvinar thalamic nucleus in human temporal lobe seizures. Epilepsia. 2006;47(1):98–107. pmid:16417537 View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 66.[journals.plos.org] The ictal activity failed to propagate in the ipsilateral temporal lobe, but was strongly propagated to the contralateral temporal lobe resulting in a false lateralization[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of subnucleus
  • Sinus Bradycardia

    […] descending sympathetic tract causing parasympathetic disinhibition, imbalance within the parasympathetic system itself, or disruption of the feedback circuits involving the parabrachial[n.neurology.org] She was rehospitalized 6 wk later with an exacerbation of ulcerative colitis and, within 8 h of receiving mesalamine, developed hypotension and severe sinus bradycardia, which[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms reflected involvement of right medial cerebral artery territory and were attributed to ipsilateral carotid obstruction, which was confirmed by imaging studies[scielo.br] Later, Keith 2 commented on the pulse rates observed in a large series of rheumatic children.[annals.org] […] sympathetic tract causing parasympathetic disinhibition, imbalance within the parasympathetic system itself, or disruption of the feedback circuits involving the parabrachial nucleus[n.neurology.org]

    Missing: of subnucleus
  • Syringobulbia

    We hypothesize that interruption of aberrant corticobulbar fibers in the medulla produced disinhibition of a rhythmic neural generator in the facial nucleus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The regions within subnucleus caudaliorresponding to the zones concentrically distributed around the mouth and nose are arranged from rostral to caudal; this explains the[quintpub.com] […] of the direct communication from the syrinx in the medulla to the fourth ventricle, the shunt from the syrinx in the cervical spinal cord to the fourth ventricle, and the lateral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the oculomotor sulcus on the medial side of the cerebral peduncle.[beat-journal.com] One month later, the intractable hiccups disappeared and the neurological symptoms demonstrated improvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Vascular - Tension Vascular Transient ischemic attack ( Amaurosis fugax , Transient global amnesia ) Cerebrovascular disease ( MCA , ACA , PCA , Foville's , Millard-Gubler , Lateral[wikidoc.org]

    Missing: of parabrachial