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914 Possible Causes for Phalanx, fourth, of, toe

  • Exostosis

    By 2 months postoperative, the patient was complaining of pain at the medial aspect of the distal phalanx of the hallux associated with shoe pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The exostosis originated from the costochondral junction of the left fourth rib and protruded into the thoracic cavity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A history of toe trauma before diagnosis was present in approximately 30% of the cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of a 20-year-old man with an exquisitely tender lesion on the distal phalanx of the left fourth toe.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Chondromyxoid Fibroma

    Abstract Chondromyxoid fibroma rarely arises in the distal phalanx of the toe. It shows a wide spectrum of histology, mimicking other primary bone tumors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is the fourth case reported to date in the literature. The clinical manifestations of the tumor were very limited, and the appearance at rhinoscopy was misleading.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of histopathologically confirmed chondromyxoid fibroma involving a metacarpal, proximal phalanx, and synovial tissues of the metacarpophalangeal joint.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of chondromyxoid fibroma involving the whole fourth metacarpal that was treated by curettage and cancellous bone allograft.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Poland Syndrome

    The current study specifically investigates the abnormalities of the middle phalanx in a series of 15 patients with Poland syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A chest roentgenogram revealed a defect of the fourth rib, scoliosis, dextrocardia, and diaphragmatic hernia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A man born with deformed hand due to a rare defect has had his fingers replaced with his toes.[dailymail.co.uk] We had only one incident that I know of and that was in the fourth grade. But he was so okay with it and just shrugged it off. I was the one that suffered!![community.babycenter.com]

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  • Desmoid Tumor

    A 37-year-old woman had a mass in her left third distal phalanx that was originally noted 3 years prior to presenting to the authors' institution.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They may occur at any age but most commonly in the third and fourth decades. Both sexes may be affected, but there is a slight female predominance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To our best of knowledge, this patient is fourth case report displaying cyst formation in desmoid tumor of pancreatic tail.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] And desmoid tumors most commonly arise during the fourth decade of life.[surgicalcasereports.springeropen.com]

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  • Hammer Toe

    To experiment with a technique that respects the anatomy and joint function, we used a distal subtraction osteotomy of the proximal phalanx neck.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Measures of second-fourth metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) angle (indicator of hammer toe deformity) and clinical measures of tibial torsion have limited evidence[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the definitions of hammer toe and claw toe are not uniform.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Claw toe can affect the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes.[en.wikipedia.org]

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  • Polysyndactyly

    Fig. 1 Preaxial polysyndactyly with Delta phalanx .[indianpediatrics.net] Abstract A new surgical technique for correction of polysyndactyly with the fifth toe fused with the fourth toe was devised.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] term), a limb malformation syndrome, characterized by the presence of a thumb showing the mildest degree of duplication, being broad, bifid or with radially deviated distal phalanx[monarchinitiative.org] This procedure can apply to polysyndactyly of the fourth, fifth, and sixth toes when the fourth and fifth toes adhere over the distal side of the distal interphalangeal joint[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Duane Retraction Syndrome

    4-year-old Italian child with the association of a solitary median maxillary central incisor, growth hormone deficiency, Duane retraction syndrome and a duplicated thumb phalanx[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging disclosed a fourth ventricular ependymoma compressing but not invading the floor of the fourth ventricle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RTS is a multisystem condition characterized by psychomotor developmental delay, broad thumbs and great toes, short stature, and characteristic facies with a beaked nose.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A fourth child had left esotropic Duane retraction syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Chondroblastoma

    Radiographs revealed a radiolucent lesion of the distal phalanx with expansile remodeling of the bone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurologic examination revealed complete right third and fourth cranial nerve palsy with partial sixth-nerve palsy.[ajnr.org] We describe a 9-year-old girl who presented with a chondroblastoma as a subungual mass in the fifth toe.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of the tumor involved excision of the second metatarsal with use of an autologous structural fibular bone graft to stabilize the metatarsus and second toe.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Multiple Congenital Anomalies

    […] well but differed by the presence of hypertelorism, markedly narrow palpebral fissures, and long philtrum, had small distal phalanges of fingers 2, 3, and 4, absent distal phalanx[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the second family and the fourth case with this pattern of birth defects reported worldwide so far.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] a male fetus with multiple associated congenital anomalies: oesophageal atresia, crossed fused ectopy of the right kidney, mild cutaneous syndactyly of fingers III-V and toes[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] testes, malformed lower extremities with contractures, bony protruberance of left thigh, bilateral absence of the fibula, bilateral equinovarus deformity with missing 4th toe[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Joint Dislocation

    Review Topic QID: 3007 1 Middle phalanx palmar lip fractures 2 Proximal phalanx extraarticular fractures 3 Middle phalanx dorsal lip fractures 4 Middle phalanx dorsal and[orthobullets.com] Dislocation reduction was performed without damage to the plantar plate, and one Kirschner wire was used to fix the fourth metatarsal head fracture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The second toe deviated in a different direction according to the foot shape. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, retrospective comparative study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] [email protected] Abstract A 17-year-old man fell from a height of 10 m onto his right forefoot and sustained ipsilateral calcaneal, comminuted cuboid, and second, third, and fourth[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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