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2,809 Possible Causes for Raphe, of, pons

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  • Buspirone

    Apneusis is a disturbance of respiratory rhythm characterized by severely prolonged inspiratory effort, and is caused by bilateral lesions in the dorsal pons.[] Our 4 cases support the concept of buspirone acting as a full agonist at the presynaptic 5-HT1A somatodendritic receptors located on the cell bodies of raphe serotonergic[] […] the firing rate of 5-HT-containing neurons in the dorsal raphe.[]

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  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Type 2

    The volume of the pons, the total cerebellum, and the individual cerebellar lobules were calculated via manual delineation of structural MRI.[] ., substantia nigra, oculomotor nucleus, reticulotegmental nucleus of the pons, facial, lateral vestibular, and raphe interpositus nuclei, inferior olive).[] Our results confirmed gray matter reduction in the cerebellar vermis, pons, and insular, frontal, parietal and temporal cortices.[]

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  • Lethargy

    MRI and CT scans showed a large solid and cystic mass involving the right temporal, parietal and occipital lobes, pineal, superior pons, mesencephalon and posterior right[] Marked neuronal loss was seen in the locus ceruleus, raphe nuclei, dorsal vagal nuclei, and intermediolateral cell columns, but neurons in the substantia nigra, other brain[]

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  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    This study examined the immunoreactivity of orexin (OxA and OxB) in the tuberal hypothalamus (n 27) and the pons (n 15) of infants (1-10 months) who died from SIDS compared[] This suggests that raphe neurons, which are altered in SIDS and contribute to central respiratory chemoreception, may be affected by nicotine.[] We have evaluated the expression and distribution of the orexin receptors (orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors) particularly in the rostral pons, where the KFN is located, of[]

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  • Fluoxetine

    Two months later, a new image showed lesion in pons and the other lesions had disappeared. Fluoxetine therapy had never been related with a complication like that.[] Neuronal activation was evaluated in the raphe nuclei and in the nucleus tractus solitarius by c-Fos immunohistochemistry during normoxic eucapnia and hypercapnia (10% CO2[] At P8, it reduced hypercapnia-induced neuronal activation in raphe nuclei (P   0.05) and nucleus tractus solitarius (P   0.01) and the acidosis-induced increase in the respiratory[]

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  • Locked-in Syndrome

    Locked-in syndrome (LIS) is an entity that usually occur a consequence of the lesion of ventral part of pons.[] Reticular structures, notably the median raphe nuclei, supposed to play a major regulatory role in sleep, were most probably involved.[] […] study, we present with a quadriplegic patient with bilateral pontine infarcts, whose motor function appeared to be reorganized into the peri-infarct areas of the infarcted pons[]

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  • Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy

    Both cases showed microcephaly with disproportionately marked hypoplasia of the posterior fossa structures including pons, inferior olivary nuclei, and cerebellum.[] […] serotonin levels were normal, whereas concentrations of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were elevated by 47% to 63%; this suggests increased activity of raphe[] Under the term of olivopontocerebellar atrophy different nosological pictures are grouped, all characterized by showing clinical signs of deficiency of the structures of the pons[]

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  • Skin Infection

    In 2 cases, lesions occurred on facial skin; in the third case they occurred on the scrotal raphe. One isolate was fully penicillin-resistant.[]

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  • Parkinson's Disease

    Patients with disturbing nocturia had reduction of cortical surface on the left pre- and postcentral areas, total white matter volume decrease bilaterally as well in the pons[] M, Hu MT, Klein JC; Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre . (2018) Apathy in rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder is associated with serotonin depletion in the dorsal raphe[]

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  • Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome

    FCMS remains controversial, but in our case, it could be delineated by the combination of the new lesion in the unilateral operculum and the old one in the contralateral pons[] Nucleus Raphe Magnus A nucleus located directly rostral to the NUCLEUS RAPHE OBSCURUS in the pontine part of the Raphe nuclei.[] Figure 1: T2-weighted sequence showing a hyperintense acute infarcted area at the center of pons Click here to view FCMS often develops after ischemic strokes.[]

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