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1,364 Possible Causes for Structure, articular, cervical, fifth, of, of, process, vertebra

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  • Tuberculosis

    Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI of the head showed a destructive process of the left temporal bone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Median Sternotomy approach is a surgical option that allows for direct anterior exposure of the lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even if the patient is positive for calcium pyrophosphate, this does not exclude the possibility of articular tuberculosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multilevel cervical reconstruction and fusion after cervical tuberculosis has always been a challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] World Health Organization data suggest that Pakistan ranks as the fifth highest country burdened with TB and has the fourth highest prevalence of multi-drug resistant TB globally[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cicatricial bronchial stenosis or obstruction occurring in the healing process of endobronchial tuberculosis (ET) is a problematic complication of tuberculous airway lesions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Extrapulmonary involvement in TB Extrapulmonary involvement occurs in one fifth of all TB cases; 60% of patients with extrapulmonary manifestations of TB have no evidence[emedicine.medscape.com] Bronchoscopic biopsy was performed which revealed subepithelial and epithelioid cell granuloma of Langerhans cell structure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Cushing Syndrome

    […] neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) have been rarely reported in patients with Crohn's disease, being usually small and incidentally detected in areas uninvolved by the inflammatory process[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cured ACTH-dependent CS patients along with seventeen controls (matched with the active group for age and sex) were included. the BMF content of the femoral neck and L3 vertebrae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe the case of an HIV-infected patient treated with ritonavir-boosted darunavir who developed cushingoid features following an intra-articular injection of triamcinolone[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to cervical spine disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the fifth case report of budesonide-induced iatrogenic CS in an HIV-positive patient on RTV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] adenoma ) patients with ectopic ACTH secretion (e.g. secondary to small cell lung cancer ): cachexia hyperpigmentation, because ACTH has an alpha MSH sub-unit as part of its structure[radiopaedia.org] […] to the increase observed in triglycerides and oxLDL levels, and, in combination with insulin resistance, acts to increase waist circumference and amplify the inflammatory process[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Imaging showed normal or slightly enlarged adrenal glands in 4 patients and a unilateral mass in the fifth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Osteoid Osteoma

    With regard to the osteoid osteoma being located at the odontoid process of the axis, limited cases have been reported in the literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The bones of the spine are called vertebrae, and osteoid osteomas tend to affect the posterior (rear) portions of the vertebrae.[columbiaspine.org] Rarely, osteoid osteoma can occur in an intra-articular location.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiographic evaluation of cervical spine was essentially normal.[ijri.org] The foot is rarely the focus of osteoid osteoma, and only a few of those cases are related to the fifth metatarsal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This risk is more pronounced in pediatric patients because of the small lesion size and proximity of lesions to important neurovascular structures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An osteoid osteoma of the odontoid process of C2 is rare.[ard.bmj.com] Although lumbar vertebra osteoid osteoma is clinically uncommon, it should be taken into consideration especially when patients experience long duration of pain in lumbar.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Traffic Accident

    His flight curve ends directly at the roof of the car during brake processing, where the body touched the roof, smashed the rear-window and landed in the trunk.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) was applied to the current case, showing dislocation of C3-4 cervical vertebrae with II degree, C4 vertebral plate fractures, and spinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After investigation, we found the earliest X-ray graph after the accident had shown the fracture of right tibia outer plateau and right knee valgum, with articular surface[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At the age of 17, Nieto took part in his first world championship race in 1964, scoring a fifth place that he would repeat in two races in 1965 and 1966.[motorsport.com] The rainfall and traffic accident data over a nine-year period (from 2007 to 2015) for Seoul were analyzed through Structural Equation Modeling to identify the relationships[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conclusion The numerous access barriers were presented in a theoretical model with causes related to organizational structure, processes of care, professionals and patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] muscle, ring fracture of the base of the skull, subarachnoid hemorrhage at the base of the brain, multiple rib fractures, anterior compression fracture of the 11th thoracic vertebra[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subject 1 had subcutaneous and intramuscular bleeding with décollement on the posterior aspect of her body, including upper cervical spine dislocation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Fracture

    Talus fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process is rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and the nonarcuate foramen vertebrae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The calcaneal fracture without broken lateral wall is rare and the open anatomic reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is necessary when the subtalar joint articular surface[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) has been reported to be an effective and safe surgical treatment for cervical spondylosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Is a Fifth Metatarsal Fracture? Fractures (breaks) are common in the fifth metatarsal—the long bone on the outside of the foot that connects to the little toe.[foothealthfacts.org] At first, we wrongly identified the palmaris longus tendon as the FCR because it was the tendinous structure at the most radial location of the volar distal forearm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] study aims to investigate the effects of different amounts of compression used in intramedullary nailing on the stress values of the fracture surface and time of the union process[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Next, the distal row of subarticular locking screws is placed to neutralize a reduced articular surface.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Diastrophic Dysplasia

    In decreasing order of severity, they include processes designated as achondrogenesis type IB (ACG-1B), atelosteogenesis type II (AO2), diastrophic dysplasia (DTD), diastrophic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The shape of the vertebrae was assessed. Displacement and movement of cervical vertebrae in neutral and bending radiographs were measured. RESULTS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI revealed degenerative changes in the articular cartilage of the knees from age 6 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An evaluation of cervical kyphosis in diastrophic dysplasia from newborn to adult life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both upper limbs showed marked curvature, with the first finger of the upper limbs in abduction and clinodactyly of the fifth finger.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The craniofacial anomalies in DTD most likely result from deficient development and growth of cartilaginous structures and are probably due to defective sulfation of the proteoglycans[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Because glucocorticoids modulate the bone turnover and inhibit inflammatory processes, we investigated the effect of dexamethasone (Dex) on interleukin-6 and DTDST in otosclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Histological studies have shown alterations in growth plate, articular, laryngeal, tracheal, and ear cartilages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Eosinophilic Granuloma

    We present an unusual variant of EG in a 23-year-old man with radiological features of multiple spinal lytic lesions which was evocated of metastatic processes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] X-ray and computed tomography (CT) of the spine showed reduced T7 vertebral body height (vertebra plana).The patient underwent T7 curettage and the histopathological exam[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A titanium expandable cage was used to reconstruct the weight-bearing column from the occipital condyle to the superior articular surface of C-2 from a posterior approach,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They revealed an osteolytic destruction of the fourth cervical vertebra.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Radiographs revealed a 13-mm lytic lesion in the left distal tibia (A) and an 8-mm lytic lesion in the left fifth metatarsal (B).[consultant360.com] The craniocervical junction is a complex anatomic location that contains the occipital bone, atlas, axis, and important complex ligamentous structures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The beginning of the inflammatory process in the dural membrane after migration of Langerhans cells may result in intradural involvement and sinus invasion into the nearby[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case, the patient had one EG in a cervical vertebra and a similar lesion in a lumbar vertebra.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Lipoma

    The process to achieve a successful outcome is herein described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormalities of the vertebrae may also occur, a condition called spina bifida occulta.[columbiaspine.org] Intra-articular lipoma of the hip is a rare entity, with only two reports published in the English-language literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, the cervical area has one of the most complex muscle structures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lipomas are very common benign slow-growing soft tissue neoplasms composed of mature adipose tissue mostly diagnosed in the fifth decade of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Management of giant parapharyngeal space lipoma with skull base extension and proximity to the vital neurovascular structures poses a challenge to surgeon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fat necrosis of the breast is a benign non-suppurative inflammatory process of adipose tissue that most commonly occurs as the result of minor breast trauma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Adult; middle aged (fifth to sixth decades of life).[clinicaladvisor.com]

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  • Osteoblastoma

    Bone tumours arising from the coracoid process of the scapula are very rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To our knowledge, this is the first case report of vertebra plana due to spinal osteoblastoma in the English literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here we report the case of a 25-year-old man with intra-articular exostosis-like periosteal osteoblastoma of the hip that resulted in impingement and osteoarthritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cervical spine is an usual localization of osteoblastoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Consolidation of the fracture of the base of the fifth metacarpal. Zoom Figure 2.[em-consulte.com] Major complications may arise from the compression of the adjoining structures.[symptoma.com] The radiographic findings showed a somewhat ill-defined, radiolucent, expansile lesion containing small scattered calcifications located in the temporal articular tubercle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report an interesting and rare case of aggressive osteoblastoma, with progressive hearing loss and facial palsy, involving the mastoid process of temporal bone and middle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Hereditary Multiple Exostoses

    As HME is caused by defects in HS synthesis that is a complex process and not fully understood, these naturally occurring EXT mutations may provide important clues to future[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Imaging studies of the spine revealed osteochondromas at D7, D11 and L5 vertebrae. The tumour at D11 was encroaching into the spinal canal and causing cord compression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hip arthroscopy was performed to remove the exostoses without damaging the articular surfaces and the Y cartilage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations revealed cervical myelopathy due to vertebral exostosis as well as multiple exostoses in other sites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of pneumothorax in a 32-year-old man with a partial left-sided pneumothorax caused by an exostosis of the fourth and fifth ribs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We found that HS structures of HME patients were almost similar to those of controls in both plasma and cellular fractions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When there is a mutation in exostosin-1 or exostosin-2, heparan sulfate cannot be processed correctly and is nonfunctional.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] […] complex musculoskeletal pediatric disorder characterized by osteochondromas that form next to the growth plates of many skeletal elements, including long bones, ribs, and vertebrae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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