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  • Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old female patient was admitted to our institution for multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography of supra-aortic trunks.[] Computed tomography confirmed a 4cm internal carotid artery aneurysm arising just distally to the carotid bifurcation.[] Left Internal Carotid Artery Agenesis Associated with Basilar and Left Vertebral Artery Aneurysm.[] The ipsilateral ophthalmic artery (long arrow) is filling through the middle meningeal artery (double arrow) Click here to view Thrombosed cavernous carotid artery aneurysms[] However, a fusiform aneurysm of the distal part of the extracranial right ICA was detected and excluded with endovascular procedure.[] Abstract A 65-year-old man presented with a hyperplastic anomalous anterior choroidal artery (AChA) associated with a ruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm at the origin[] Intraoperative findings using microscopic and endoscopic angiography showed that the aneurysm originated from the proximal branched PComA.[] The using of external carotid artery (ECA) replace of the internal carotid artery (ICA) combined with resection of the AEICA is an autologous reconstruction to restore arterial[] The present case is extremely rare with external opthalmoplegia caused by the giant cavernous ICA aneurysm, and the radiotherapy after transsphenoidal surgery might have been[] After neck dissection, the main trunk of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), its branches, and part of the aneurysm were isolated through a right fronto-orbito-zygomatic craniotomy[]

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  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    As for the anastomoses, one arose from the aneurysm sac, near the normal origin of the meningohypophyseal trunk ( Fig. 1B ), and joined the basilar artery near the junction[] Figure 3: Left Internal Carotid artery Cavernous sinus aneurysm. (Head and Neck Angiography). Figure 4: Left Internal Carotid artery Cavernous sinus aneurysm.[] Physical examination revealed a complete ptosis of the left eyelid and complete absence of extraocular movements of the left eye, referable to the third, fourth and sixth[] Which of the two, the aneurysm or the meningitis, gave rise to the patient's symptoms?[] Due to the complex relationship between the anatomy of the cavernous sinus, there are dural protection outside, so for the occurrence of this part of the internal aneurysm[] ACA anterior cerebral artery; MCA middle cerebral artery; ICA internal carotid artery.[] The ipsilateral anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) branches were the main feeding vessels of the hemangioblastoma.[] […] grading of tumor extension of the cavernous sinus 144 normal and invaded cavernous sinus studied with and without GdDTPA 152 The utility of intravenous DSA for cavernous[] CN III palsy without pupil involvement, as mentioned above pupillary fibers occupy a peripheral location and receive more collateral blood supply that the main trunk of the[] Type B is a fistula between meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery and cavernous sinus.[]

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  • Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    Ventral Internal Carotid Artery Trunk Aneurysms • Not common • Atherosclerotic changes in the wall of the carotid artery • Dome may project anteromedially, displacing the[] Computed tomography confirmed a 4cm internal carotid artery aneurysm arising just distally to the carotid bifurcation.[] Abstract We report the case of a 62-year-old female who presented for stent-assistant coiling of an incidental 11-mm complex bilobed left superior hypophyseal internal carotid[] Anatomy: direct and indirect, according to the arterial branch involved (internal carotid artery [ICA], meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery or external carotid[] In 1980, a carotid angiogram had demonstrated an aneurysm of the cavernous part of right Internal Carotid Artery.[] The carotid artery is divided into three segments: the common carotid artery and the internal and external carotid artery.[] Intraoperative findings using microscopic and endoscopic angiography showed that the aneurysm originated from the proximal branched PComA.[] BACKGROUND: The goal of the treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is to occlude the arteriovenous shunt and to preserve the patency of the concerned internal[] Further imaging confirmed multiple, small acute infarcts in the left cerebral hemisphere.[] […] del cerebro I60.8 Aneurisma meninges del cerebro roto I60.9 Aneurisma del cerebro roto (ver también Hemorragia, subaracnoidea) A52.0 - I68.8 Aneurisma del cerebro sifilítico[]

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  • Carotid Cavernous Sinus Fistula

    Manual carotid compression of 5 minutes duration, twice a day, for 10 days resulted in injury to the upper trunk (C 5-6) of the brachial plexus and the supraclavicular nerve[] Four cases of traumatic aneurysm of the internal carotid artery are presented and the available literature is reviewed.[] The procedure was unsuccessful, and the left superior ophthalmic vein was ligated.[] Angiography revealed a carotid cavernous sinus fistula fed by the intracavernous branches of the internal carotid artery on both sides, right internal maxillary and middle meningeal[] On the right side, those parts were kept intact. After the osteotomy, a tensiometer was fixed to the skull base.[] […] trigeminal artery aneurysm as cause of the fistula.[] Cerebral angiography demonstrated a dural carotid-cavernous fistula supplied by internal and external carotid branches.[] A carotid cavernous sinus fistula, abbreviated as CCF, is a pathological channel which leads to the communication of the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus in the skull[] Cerebral angiography revealed left CCF being fed by bilateral meningohypophyseal trunks (MHTs).[] […] of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base JF - Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base SN - 2193-6331 IS - 2 ER -[]

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  • Moyamoya Disease

    Emergent cerebral angiography demonstrated moyamoya disease associated with a wide-necked basilar trunk aneurysm.[] Moyamoya disease accounted for 8% of arterial strokes in this international pediatric stroke registry.[] […] of the left frontal lobe 1 day after left STA-MCA anastomosis, when SPECT showed a paradoxical decrease in cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the left frontal lobe despite a marked[] Two separate bone windows were opened to protect the transdural anastomosis via the middle meningeal artery.[] There was reduced connectivity in the left insula, left precuneus, right precentral, and right middle frontal regions, which form part of the salience, default mode, motor[] KEYWORDS: Basilar artery; Collateral vessel; Moyamoya disease; Vertebral artery[] […] with the parietal branch of the STA.[] A percutaneous carotid revascularization was unsuccessful, and a carotid endarterectomy with bovine patch angioplasty was subsequently performed.[] The purpose of this study was to assess the progress of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) after our novel preservation method and to evaluate the relation between direct and[] In this disease, a stenosis or an occlusion is observed by carotid arteriography in the terminal part of the internal carotid artery.[]

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  • Internal Carotid Agenesis

    The occipital artery originated from an anomalous connection in one instance and from the main trunk of the ECA (just past the ECA-ICA connection) in the other.[] Diagnosis - Internal carotid agenesis Not supplied. Prognosis - Internal carotid agenesis Not supplied. Treatment - Internal carotid agenesis Not supplied.[] Agenesis of left ICA, left carotid canal with basilar and left vertebral artery aneurysms were demonstrated incidentally using CT, MRI, and digital subtraction angiography[] CT scan showed absent carotid canals on both sides [Figure - 2] and bilateral enlarged foramina ovale due to dilated accessory meningeal arteries.[] A ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm associated with internal carotid artery agenesis and a middle cerebral artery anomaly.[] CT angiography of the head demonstrates a vessel branching from the cavernous segment of the right internal carotid artery, which crosses the cavernous sinus, and assumes[] Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Title: CT angiographic demonstration of agenesis of the internal carotid artery with transsellar cavernous collateral[] She had mild neck rigidity but no other signs of meningeal irritation. There were no other neurological deficits.[] Agenesis of the left internal carotid artery, common carotid artery, and main trunk of the external carotid artery associated with multiple cerebral aneurysms.[] Findings: AP left subclavian and lateral left common carotid arteriograms show no opcification of the left interal carotid artery, with the left MCA and branches showing hemodilution[]

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  • Carotid Artery Occlusion

    In these patients, the thyrocervical trunk proved to be a suitable donor vessel for the reconstitution of blood flow within the external carotid artery.[] CT scanning revealed infarction of the left internal carotid artery territory.[] Here we report a 75-year-old woman with acute left middle cerebral artery occlusion who developed right internal carotid artery occlusion during the last minutes of recombinant[] In rare cases, the main contribution to the ophthalmic circulation is from the middle meningeal artery.[] Because of tumor recurrence after radiotherapy and its rapid progression, radical resection, including part of the cavernous sinus, was planned.[] The distal branches of the external carotid artery anastomose with distal branches of the internal carotid artery provide important sources of collateral circulation to the[] A radial artery bypass was established between the third segment of the vertebral artery and an M3 branch of the middle cerebral artery.[] However, the treatment of the ECA is fundamentally different between carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS).[] CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral carotid artery occlusion may develop in the course of lymphocytic hypophysitis with cavernous sinus involvement.[] In classic subclavian steal, left subclavian artery (SA) stenosis occurs proximal to the left vertebral artery (VA) origin.[]

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  • Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

    Multiple raised, soft, bluish 0.3 to 1 cm lesions were noted on the trunk and extremities.[] Abstract In 1988 the International Headache Society defined the diagnostic criteria of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) to include episode(s) of unilateral orbital pain for an average[] left cranial nerves .[] Breakthrough headache, associated with signs of meningeal irritation, developed 6 weeks later.[] Thin-slice magnetic resonance imaging revealed enhanced abnormal tissue located primarily in the superolateral part of the left-sided cavernous sinus, which corticosteroids[] Abstract Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS), heterotopic salivary gland and hypoplasia of internal carotid artery (ICA) are all rare entities.[] […] by the appearance of vertical diplopia attributable to a right superior rectus paresis, lid ptosis and hypoaesthesia in the territory of the I and the II right trigeminal branches[] MRI showed enhancement of the left cavernous sinus and orbital apex.[] Cerebral angiography demonstrated insignificant blood supply both from the internal carotid and middle meningeal arteries.[] […] the area around the eye or a headache on one side, combined with a deficit of the nerves supplying the eye muscles, incorrect functioning of the pupil and numbness in the part[]

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  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    However, the benefit/risk ratio must be discussed, and an angio-CT of supra-aortic trunks could be systematically performed before thrombolysis, to assess the potential VA[] PURPOSE: Arterial emboli in the internal carotid artery (ICA) mainly cause cerebral ischemia; only 10 % of emboli reach the retinal arteries.[] Abstract A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with complaints of sudden, painless, decrease in vision, and sectoral visual field defect in the left eye and later[] […] humor polymerase chain reaction analysis was positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV), establishing a diagnosis of HSV-associated bilateral acute retinal necrosis (ARN) and meningitis[] A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose ocular tuberculosis when all other systemic investigations are negative, especially in this part of the world where tuberculosis[] KEYWORDS: Ophthalmic artery aneurysm; Retinal artery occlusion[] This study aimed to evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of the novel ophthalmic artery branch retrograde thrombolytic intervention for CRAO.[] KEYWORDS: Ophthalmic artery; aneurysm; central retinal artery; internal carotid artery; occlusion[] In a central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) the primary trunk of this is blocked (figure 2). What are the symptoms of a Retinal Artery Occlusion?[] In two additional patients, the origin of the ophthalmic artery was in the middle meningeal artery and not in the internal carotid artery.[]

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  • Horner's Syndrome

    A postoperative ultrasound scan did not show a collection or hematoma compressing the sympathetic trunk.[] The final diagnosis was right, congenital Horner's syndrome due to ipsilateral internal carotid agenesis.[] INTRODUCTION: The authors report a case of left parapharyngeal ectopic goitre, in which resection was followed by postoperative Horner's syndrome, and describe the difficult[] KEYWORDS: Abducens nerve palsy; Horner syndrome; Zoster meningitis[] In the first of a three-part series on pupils, Dr Andrew Gurwood looks at Horner’s syndrome. In OptometryToday [database online]. . Accessed March 7, 2014.[] This case is also the first of its kind to have radiological evidence of injury to the external carotid artery but not the internal carotid artery.[] Author information 1 Department of Internal Medicine, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, New Jersey, USA.[] KEYWORDS: Abducens nerve diseases; Cavernous sinus; Horner's syndrome; Nasopharyngeal neoplasms[] Abstract Tuberculosis is a disease known to affect any part of the body and to present in many interesting forms.[] In the ganglia, the pre and postganglionic fibres synapse , and the postganglionic fibres leave the ganglia via branches.[]

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