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103 Possible Causes for Trunk, branch, hypoglossal, inferior, left, left, meningeal, nerve, of, of, of, petrosal, sinus, to, wall

  • Abducens Nerve Palsy

    Clinical features of the localized girdle sensation of mid-trunk (false localizing sign) appeared in cervical compressive myelopathy patients.[doi.org] KEYWORDS: Abducens nerve palsy; Dorello’s canal; Inferior petrosal sinus; Venous sinus thrombosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] year-old girl presented after a motor vehicle accident with multiple cranial neuropathies, including bilateral abducens nerve pareses and right facial, glossopharyngeal, and hypoglossal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Magnetic resonance venography of the head and neck revealed thromboses in left internal jugular vein, left cavernous sinus, left superior ophthalmic vein, and left sigmoid[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Abducens nerve palsy; Horner syndrome; Zoster meningitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The abducens nerve (cranial nerve VI) is known for its very long travel from the brainstem to the ipsilateral lateral rectus muscle, where it provides an important function[symptoma.com] Proposed mechanisms include direct compression of the bilateral abducens nerves, vasospasm of the pontine branches of the basilar artery and hydrocephalous.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alternative causes of an abduction deficit are medial rectus muscle restriction (as in dysthyroid orbitopathy, myositis, orbital wall fracture), myasthenia gravis , Duane[medlink.com] Fisher CM, Caplan LR: Basilar artery branch occlusion: A cause of pontine infarction. Neurology 1971;21:900–905. Article / Publication Details First-Page Preview[karger.com] The few small fragments of the cyst wall that was available for histopathology showed only collagenous fragments.[journal.frontiersin.org]

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  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    The trunk leaves the brain stem on the dorsal surface, just caudal to the inferior colliculus.[thamburaj.com] Mucoceles develop most frequently in the frontal sinus, the anterior ethmoid sinus, and the sphenoid sinus.[e-ceo.org] […] nucleus preolivary sulcus hypoglossal canal ( occipital bone ) intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue Cranial mononeuropathies A cranial nerve mononeuropathy is a[amboss.com] The most likely anatomical structures involved areA Medial rectus and superior division of oculomotor nerveB Inferior oblique and inferior division of oculomotor nerveC Lateral[gradestack.com] The presence of a left-sided third nerve palsy and right sided pyramidal signs suggested a left midbrain lesion.[eyerounds.org] Neurobrucellosis is most frequently observed with meningitis and has numerous complications, including meningocephalitis, myelitis, cranial nerve paralyses, radiculopathy,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] oculomotor nerve paralysis Human disease III nerve palsy IIIrd nerve Paralysis Third cranial nerve paralysis, NOS Third cranial nerve paralysis Statements Identifiers Sitelinks[wikidata.org] Various branches of the oculomotor nerve provide for muscle sense and movement in most of the muscles of the eye, for constriction of the pupil, and for accommodation of the[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] nerve paralysis after percutaneous intervention. ( 19054794 ) Kocabay G....Bayram T. 2009 5 Transient isolated oculomotor nerve paralysis in neonatal group B streptococcal meningitis[malacards.org] Für relevante differenzialdiagnostische Ursachen, insbesondere Neurosarkoidose, Neuroborreliose, Neurolues, tuberkulöse Meningitis, virale Meningitis (HIV, VZV, CMV), ZNS-Lymphom[link.springer.com]

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  • Glossopharyngeal Palsy

    […] located adjacent to crossed ascending fibers of the spinothalamic tract, producing a “crossed” sensory loss for pain and temperature (ipsilateral face, contralateral arm/trunk[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] Hypoglossal nerve paralysis after endonasal paranasal sinus operation in intubation narcosis. Laryngorhinootologie 1996;75:623-4. 4) Gatot A, Tovi F, Fliss DM, Yanai II.[kjorl.org] The inferior ganglion on the inferior surface of petrous part of temporal is related with a triangular depression into which the aqueduct of cochlea opens.[en.wikipedia.org] […] a) Right sided 10th nerve lesion b) Left sided 10th nerve lesion and right sided 9th nerve lesion c) Left sided 9th nerve lesion d) Left sided 9th and 10th nerve lesion Correct[ole.bris.ac.uk] Conditions which can affect any cranial nerve Diabetes mellitus MS Tumours Sarcoid Vasculitis (eg, polyarteritis nodosa) Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) Syphilis Chronic meningitis[patient.info] Since 9th nerve closely related to 10th nerve in its course, 10th nerve careful examination is needed. 4.[dailyrounds.org] […] nerve ; here the nerve becomes the lesser petrosal nerve ; the lesser petrosal nerve exits the cranium via the foramen ovale and synapses in the otic ganglion .[radiopaedia.org] Zygomatic branch goes to the zygoma, orbital and intraorbital area 3. Buccal branch to all buccinator mm and upper lip 4. Mandibular branch to lower lip and chin mm 5.[quizlet.com] Arriaga, MD bring you seven new chapters on the hot topics of Cartilage Tympanoplasty, Reversible Canal Wall Down Mastiodectomy, Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome[books.google.com] […] syndrome CN III , IV, V 1 ,V 2, VI Neoplasm or inflammation affecting the cavernous sinus (e.g., Tolosa-Hunt syndrome) Intracavernous aneurysms Cavernous sinus thrombosis[amboss.com]

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  • Ophthalmic Nerve Lesion

    Now the main trunk divides into a smallanterior & a large posterior trunk. As it descends from the foramen, the mandibular nerve lies at a distance of 4 cm from the surface[slideshare.net] The pituitary gland is separated from the cavernous sinus by dura.[healio.com] (A) Left glossopharyngeal nerve (B) Left vagus nerve (C) Right vagus nerve (D) Left hypoglossal nerve (E) Right hypoglossal nerve 2.[quizlet.com] Within the mandibular canal, the inferior alveolar nerve forms the inferior dental plexus, which innervates the lower teeth.[teachmeanatomy.info] […] scalp and forehead, the upper eyelid, the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye, the nose (including the tip of the nose), the nasal mucosa, the frontal sinuses and parts of the meninges[gpnotebook.co.uk] Four months later, he developed a right 3rd cranial nerve palsy, aggravating the clinical aspect with a severe generalized involvement of the central nervous system and death[ajtmh.org] The nerve is sandwiched between the trigeminal (A) and petrosal (B) veins (left lower). The nerve is compressed by the superior petrosal vein (right lower).[neurosurgicalatlas.com] branches.[emedicine.medscape.com] In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 18.[medlineplus.gov] The nerve has three divisions: the ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular nerves ( Figure 61.1 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    As for the anastomoses, one arose from the aneurysm sac, near the normal origin of the meningohypophyseal trunk ( Fig. 1B ), and joined the basilar artery near the junction[synapse.koreamed.org] Facial reflex examination for assessment of subclinical trigeminal nerve involvement in the cavernous sinus 133 Dynamic CT scanning of the cavernous sinus 141 Radiological[books.google.com] The ipsilateral anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) branches were the main feeding vessels of the hemangioblastoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination revealed a complete ptosis of the left eyelid and complete absence of extraocular movements of the left eye, referable to the third, fourth and sixth[jbsr.be] Which of the two, the aneurysm or the meningitis, gave rise to the patient's symptoms?[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] Acquired oculomotor nerve palsy (OMP) is an ocular pathology resulting from damage to third cranial nerve.[eyewiki.aao.org] Both cavernous sinuses then drain into the inferior petrosal sinuses which drain, via the superior petrosal sinuses, into the inferior jugular veins and sigmoid sinuses.[ijcasereportsandimages.com] […] or bridging veins of the prepontine / cerebellopontine angle cisterns Major Egress: 1) Superior Petrosal Sinus 2) Inferior Petrosal Sinus 3) Foramen Ovale, and other skull[neuroangio.org] […] the level of middle turbinate from sphenopalatine branch of maxillary artery (branch of external carotid artery). (3) Some time bleeding site may be hidden in middle and[omicsonline.org] Type B is a fistula between meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery and cavernous sinus.[medlink.com]

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  • Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old female patient was admitted to our institution for multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography of supra-aortic trunks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe the first case of cavernous sinus syndrome from an intracavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm in a 9-month-old boy with tuberous sclerosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy: a harbinger of malignancy.[cambridge.org] Because the ability of magnetic resonance angiography and three-dimensional computed tomography angiography to detect small branches of the ICA is inferior to digital subtraction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Left Internal Carotid Artery Agenesis Associated with Basilar and Left Vertebral Artery Aneurysm.[clinicalimagingscience.org] The ipsilateral ophthalmic artery (long arrow) is filling through the middle meningeal artery (double arrow) Click here to view Thrombosed cavernous carotid artery aneurysms[ijri.org] Abstract We describe a report of a child with a horner's syndrome and sixth nerve paresis secondary to a petrous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The inferior petrosal sinus is marked by light blue arrow. The same information can be gathered from a CT angiogram, whenever it is contaminated with venous state.[neuroangio.org] […] and von mises stress of aneurysm wall is at the neck, the minimum is at the top.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After neck dissection, the main trunk of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), its branches, and part of the aneurysm were isolated through a right fronto-orbito-zygomatic craniotomy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy

    The tumor arose from the caudal trunk, while the intact rostral trunk entered the hypoglossal canal normally.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood cultures grew F. necrophorum and radiological investigations demonstrated left internal jugular vein, cavernous sinus and sigmoid sinus thrombus, left vertebral artery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs and symptoms of hypoglossal nerve palsy are highly distinctive, the main feature being a unilateral weakness of the tongue.[symptoma.com] […] for third inferior molar dental care.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] caused by meningeal inflammation.[nejm.org] […] temporal bone ) Facial canal stylomastoid foramen exits the skull muscles of facial expression Lacrimal pathway: superior salivatory nucleus intermediate nerve, greater petrosal[amboss.com] […] [email protected] 2 Department of Radiology, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital; Ottawa, ON, Canada. 3 Department of Radiology, The University of Texas Medical Branch[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The left-sided headache was likely due to the arterial tear and an expansion of the outer vessel wall.[circ.ahajournals.org] […] special sensory innervations come from the chorda tympani nerve, a branch of the facial nerve (7 th cranial nerve).[omicsonline.org] The bullet entered maxillary sinus, and caused condylar fracture, then ended up C1-2 interspace. The bullet was surgically removed by a posterior approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Benign Abducens Nerve Palsy

    Later involvement of the face, bulbar muscles, limbs, and trunk is common. Myotonic dystrophy is characterized by weakness and wasting of the face and trunk muscles.[britannica.com] Vascular causes of a cavernous sinus syndrome include carotid artery aneurysm, cavernous sinus thrombosis (as noted above), direct carotid artery to cavernous sinus fistula[medtextfree.wordpress.com] […] sensory component of this reflex is mostly via CN IX) Accessory nerve (CN XI) Sternocleidomastoid muscle Trapezius muscle Weakness with turning of the head Shoulder droop Hypoglossal[medbullets.com] Brain human normal inferior view with cranial nerve labels Abducens nerve Diagram illustrating the direction of actions of the extraocular muscles of the eye (indicated by[pinterest.com.au] The left eye was affected in nine children and no bilateral case was found. No sex differences were seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ferri’s popular "5 books in 1" format provides quick guidance on short QT syndrome, microscopic polyangiitis, fungal meningitis, and much more.[books.google.com] Abstract Benign acquired isolated abducens nerve palsy in infants and children is a rare condition and recurrence is even less common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ganglions that contain the cell bodies of CN-VII afferents. (2) At this site, the canal abruptly turns posteriorly and forms the external genu of CN-VII . (3) The greater petrosal[clinicalgate.com] Background: Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a rare, benign tumor that originates from ectopic remnants of the notochord and is typically located at the dorsal wall of the[neurology.org] Less commonly, glomus tumors produce facial nerve palsy, hypoglossal nerve palsy, or Horner syndrome [ 5 ].[karger.com]

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  • Jugular Foramen Syndrome

    […] soft palate on the same side, and, according to Jackson and Jackson, 3 "there may be loss of pain and temperature sense on the opposite side, including the extremities, trunk[jamanetwork.com] A digital intravenous angiogram showed an occlusion of the left transverse sinus at the level of the jugular foramen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination demonstrated paralysis of the right vagus and hypoglossal nerve.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These superior and inferior openings transmit cranial nerve IX and nerves X and XI, respectively.[doctorabel.us] Loss of gag reflex was remarkable on the left. Paresis was found on the left vocal cord. There was weakness in rotation of the head to the right.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] secondary from the uper cervical lymph nodes) symptoms : - pain in or behind ear due to irritation of the auricular branches of the 9 and 10 - headache due to irritation of the meningeal[cobocards.com] The tumour was resected via suboccipital craniectomy, and diagnosed as a neuroma of the eleventh cranial nerve.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Figure 1: Clinical photographs showing multiple swelling (A) suprasternal notch, (B) over left side chest wall on back, (C) right shin and (D) over anterior chest wall and[cancerjournal.net] Distally, the right vagal nerve passes over into the posterior vagal trunk, which crosses the diaphragm through the esophageal hiatus.[ruralneuropractice.com] Cavernous sinus tumours Cavernous sinus tumours are the most common cause of the cavernous sinus syndrome.[jnnp.bmj.com]

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  • Cerebellopontine Angle Tumor

    Ultimately if untreated, the acoustic neuroma can compress the cerebellar peduncles ("trunks" of the cerebellum that join the cerebellum to the pontine portion of the brain[hopkinsmedicine.org] The dura is incised in a curvilinear manner just 1.5 to 2 mm medial to the sigmoid and inferior to the transverse sinus.[clinicalgate.com] Masseteric nerve grafting resulted in earlier recovery compared with hypoglossal nerve grafting (5.6 vs 10.8 months, P  .005).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One underwent surgical excision, and the tumor originated from the inferior vestibular nerve.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paraganglioma of left cerebellopontine angle.[indianjotol.org] Mixed tumors composed of neoplastic Schwann and meningeal cells have rarely been reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Key Words: Venous hemorrhagic infarction ; Superior petrosal vein ; Cereellopontine angle[jkns.or.kr] Use tie-back suture to keep retracted out of your field Frontal branch - watch out for it In TP fascia proximally Deep to temporal fascia along zygomatic arch Fascia harvest[medicine.uiowa.edu] The cyst wall was thick with large blood vessels that were not bleeding presumably on account of the embolization.[neurologyindia.com] *during removal of the posterior meatal wall, care is taken to avoid the posterior semicircular canal, which is lateral to the posterior wall of the meatus- to avoid this[medschool.lsuhsc.edu]

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