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80 Possible Causes for Abdominal Bloating, Borborygmi, Hyperactive Bowel Sounds

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[omicsonline.org] Most of the children having Hyponatremia also had associated hypokalemia, which may lead to abdominal distension.[omicsonline.org] Abdominal distension had a positive correlation with Hyponatremia and Hypokalemia. Routine estimation of serum electrolytes is not necessary.[omicsonline.org]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination typically shows a distended abdomen with loud borborygmi. There is no tenderness, and the rectum is usually empty.[merckmanuals.com] Abdominal bloating and swelling. Abdominal pain, usually crampy. The pain usually comes in sharp waves and may get better for a while.[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Lactose Intolerance

    Diarrhea and borborygmi were mostly associated with LM.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea and flatulence are common symptoms.[symptoma.com] Lactose intolerance related to primary or secondary lactase deficiency is characterized by abdominal pain and distension, borborygmi, flatus, and diarrhea induced by lactose[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    The bowel sounds may vary depending on whether the patient has constipation (bowel sounds may be hypoactive) or diarrhea (bowel sounds may be hyperactive).[clinicaladvisor.com] bloating in IBS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other symptoms such as the relief of pain or discomfort by opening the bowels, or abdominal bloating can occur with IBS.[ed.ac.uk]

  • Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] Physical examination typically shows a distended abdomen with loud borborygmi. There is no tenderness, and the rectum is usually empty.[merckmanuals.com] Symptoms include abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, vomiting, constipation, and bloody stool. Onset of symptoms may be rapid or more gradual.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com] Diagnosis: Factors predicting Bowel Obstruction History of prior surgery Constipation history Age over 50 years Vomiting Abdominal Distention Hyperactive bowel sounds X.[fpnotebook.com] Typically presents with the combined symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, and failure to pass flatus or stool per rectum.[us.bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] Gastroenterology / Surgery 27 Jun, 2017 0 Tom Leach Introduction Symptoms are more gradual in onset There are often loud borborygmi (normal bowel sounds) Rectum is usually[almostadoctor.co.uk] Abdominal bloating and swelling. Abdominal pain, usually crampy. The pain usually comes in sharp waves and may get better for a while.[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Obstipation

    ‘Cramping pain, little vomiting, constipation and obstipation, distension, loud borborygmi and little loss of electrolytes.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] Lubiprostone-treated patients reported significant improvements in stool consistency, straining, and constipation severity at all weeks, and in abdominal bloating at week[oadoi.org] bloating and discomfort; global treatment effectiveness; and safety assessments.[oadoi.org]

  • Colitis

    For example, milk in people with UC who are intolerant to the sugar in milk, lactose, may be causing gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal bloating, flatulence, and[onhealth.com] Symptoms of ulcerative colitis Symptoms of ulcerative colitis commonly include abdominal pain, bloating, and frequent urge to evacuate bowels, bloody diarrhea and an abnormal[news-medical.net] The first sign is abdominal distension with retention followed by vomiting.[symptoma.com]

  • Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

    sounds absent - hyperactive septicaemia AF heart murmurs INVESTIGATIONS bloods: unreliable diagnostically ABG: metabolic state lactate: elevation xray: exclude perforation[lifeinthefastlane.com] He initially responded well to fluid replacement and insulin therapy according to BSPED guidelines, but subsequently developed abdominal distension and fulminant hyperkalaemia[endocrine-abstracts.org] distension /- weight loss.[forums.studentdoctor.net]

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