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212 Possible Causes for Abdominal Cramps, Bowel Distention, Electrolyte Imbalance

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    A doctor may give you IV fluids to correct electrolyte imbalance. A catheter may be inserted into your bladder to drain urine.[healthline.com] DIOS can cause painful abdominal cramping and stomach aches.[cysticfibrosis.ca] Abdominal radiographs showed air-fluid levels with mild bowel distention and shadows of roundworms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Constipation

    May cause electrolyte imbalance, especially in young children or patients with renal insufficiency.[web.archive.org] (found in senna, cascara, and castor oil) Abdominal cramps and dehydration Stimulant laxatives are not used if there is a possibility of an intestinal obstruction.[merck.com] Functional bowel disorders (i.e., constipation and diarrhea) are characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, distention, and/or bowel habit abnormalities in the absence of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ileus

    Multivariate analysis identified perioperative fluid or electrolyte imbalance (odds ratio 4.03; 95% confidence interval, 3.37-4.80; P 0.001) and male sex (odds ratio 1.72;[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] signs) Other Factors obstipation (severe constipation with no passage of stool or flatus) discomfort and abdominal cramping decreased or hypoactive bowel sounds hypovolemia[online.epocrates.com] Small Bowel Distention Causes An Ileus may be caused any of the following conditions: Abdominal surgery. Joint or spine surgery. Injury or trauma.[stomawise.co.uk]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    Blood tests are required to determine electrolyte imbalance and dehydration.[symptoma.com] Symptoms During paralytic ileus, you should watch out for: Abdominal cramping that comes and goes Vomiting Diarrhea Constipation Nausea Abdominal swelling (distention) Abdominal[study.com] In contrast, mechanical obstructions cause progressive bowel distention, with distended proximal and collapsed distal segments.[patientcareonline.com]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Electrolyte levels: They can demonstrate electrolyte imbalance and dehydration in metabolic disorders.[symptoma.com] Abdominal cramping/pain was more common in women (12–55%) than in men (7–38%).[doi.org] Abstract Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic, recurring, and remitting functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by abdominal pain, distention[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    A doctor may give you IV fluids to correct electrolyte imbalance. A catheter may be inserted into your bladder to drain urine.[healthline.com] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[merckmanuals.com] Diagnosis: Factors predicting Bowel Obstruction History of prior surgery Constipation history Age over 50 years Vomiting Abdominal Distention Hyperactive bowel sounds X.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    All patients had received initial conservative management such as nil orally, nasogastric suction, rectal tube placement and correction of electrolyte imbalance for the first[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] cramps before the development of colonic distention.[clinicalgate.com] While we might not start neostigmine in the ED for this, it is good to know conservative management and bowel decompression are important to start as soon as the bowel distention[pedemmorsels.com]

  • Obstipation

    Normal saline is normally used for a cleansing enema because it is isotonic solution and therefore, does not cause electrolyte imbalance, unlike the tap water.[peoi.org] ‘A 71-year-old white man with no prior history of malignancy and a 2-week history of obstipation, increasing abdominal girth, and abdominal cramping sought medical attention[en.oxforddictionaries.com] Osmotics cause fluids to flow in a special way through the colon, resulting in bowel distention. This class of drugs is useful for people with idiopathic constipation.[web.archive.org]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    A doctor may give you IV fluids to correct electrolyte imbalance. A catheter may be inserted into your bladder to drain urine.[healthline.com] Symptoms Symptoms of small bowel obstruction include nausea accompanied by vomiting, abdominal cramps, abdominal distention, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence and bad breath[symptoma.com] Abdominal X-Ray Small bowel distention Nasogastric tube is seen coiled in the gastric fundus CT Head Left occipital extracranial soft tissue hematoma Left occipital epidural[ddxof.com]

  • Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    imbalance.[adc.bmj.com] Abstract A 50-year-old woman with a typical history of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction was admitted to hospital because of an acute episode of abdominal cramps[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Total parenteral nutrition was required, since even very small meals caused abdominal distention, pain, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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