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12 Possible Causes for Abdominal Cramps, Electrolyte Imbalance, Tenderness of the Hypogastrium

  • Constipation

    May cause electrolyte imbalance, especially in young children or patients with renal insufficiency.[web.archive.org] Symptoms include needing to open the bowels less often than usual, straining to pass the motion, bloated abdomen or abdominal cramps.[web.archive.org] In one trial, more women in the laxative group had abdominal cramps compared to the placebo group (RR 4.23, 95% CI 1.75 to 10.19, 471 women), while the other trial showed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pseudomembranous Colitis

    Complications may include: Dehydration with electrolyte imbalance Perforation of (hole through) the colon Toxic megacolon Death Call your provider if you have the following[nlm.nih.gov] Severe diarrhea and abdominal cramping pain were experienced. Colonoscopic biopsy proved the diagnosis of PMC.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Possible Complications Complications may include: Dehydration with electrolyte imbalance Perforation of (hole through) the colon Toxic megacolon Prevention People who have[account.allinahealth.org]

  • Appendicitis

    Blood tests may also show dehydration or fluid and electrolyte imbalances. Urinalysis is used to rule out a urinary tract infection.[web.archive.org] […] untreated, death. appendicitis Surgery Inflammation of the vermiform appendix which is most common in children Clinical Right lower quadrant pain of acute onset, rebound tenderness[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Additionally, painful urination, vomiting prior to abdominal pain, severe cramps, constipation, and diarrhea occur in nearly 50% of cases of the condition.[earthclinic.com]

  • Diverticulitis of the Colon

    Biochemical studies: Findings include a raised white cell count, low red cell count (this occurs when there is gastrointestinal bleeding), electrolyte imbalance and renal[symptoma.com] Bleeding may be accompanied by abdominal cramping with weakness, dizziness and lightheadedness.[dhat.com] Colon cleansing may also cause fluid overload, electrolyte imbalance or allergic reactions to herbal solutions, the American Cancer Society cautions.[livestrong.com]

  • Clostridium Difficile

    Complications of C difficile infection can include dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, low blood pressure, and more serious concerns such as bowel perforation, kidney failure[archpedi.jamanetwork.com] Resolution of diarrhoea and abdominal cramping was noted on 6-week follow-up visit. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is a case of a 63-year-old, post total colectomy patient, who presented to the hospital with watery diarrhoea, abdominal cramping and fevers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Infectious Colitis

    imbalance, hypotension, and hypovolemic shock.[symptoma.com] Symptoms include abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and fever.[patientslikeme.com] Other symptoms may vary with the type of colitis and may include: nausea , vomiting , blood in stools, and severe abdominal cramping, Individuals with some of these symptoms[medicinenet.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    •Management: –Ruleout mechanical causes, –Dripand Suck •Fluidsand correct electrolytes imbalances •NGtube–Usuallyresolves spontaneously in 2-4 days What is pseudoobstruction[cram.com] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[merckmanuals.com] Treatment and prognosis Treatment depends on the underlying cause and presentation, but in all cases resuscitation and correction of electrolyte imbalances should be carried[radiopaedia.org]

  • Urinary Tract Injury

    This may develop into an abscess and present with sepsis and electrolyte imbalance Mx: P/C drainage, nephrostomy, stents, bladder drainage /- abx How many unrecognised ureteric[brainscape.com] . - Sudden agonizing pain in hypogastrium, often accompanied by syncope. - Not passed urine since injury and no desire. - Suprapubic tenderness present but no dullness. -[slideshare.net] Bladder rupture leads to severe pain in the hypogastrium on palpation or swelling from extravasation of blood and urine in the suprapubic area.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Gallstone Ileus

    After correction of electrolyte imbalances through parenteral nutrition and fluid management, the patient's condition improved and she underwent enterolithotomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients present with severe cramping abdominal pain that is paroxysmal in nature. Physical examination reveals borborygmi coincident with the abdominal cramping.[emedicine.medscape.com] Abdominal examination revealed rigidity, guarding, rebound tenderness and absent bowel sounds. An erect skiagram showed dilated loops of small bowel.[najms.org]

  • Perforated Appendix

    Intracellular contents are released into the bloodstream – electrolyte release can cause hyperkalemia and other electrolyte imbalances; reactive oxygen species can lead to[biology.stackexchange.com] Abstract Severe diarrhea and marked lower abdominal cramps are unusual manifestations of appendicitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] untreated, death. appendicitis Surgery Inflammation of the vermiform appendix which is most common in children Clinical Right lower quadrant pain of acute onset, rebound tenderness[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

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