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90 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Acute Abdomen, Salmonella Typhi

  • Typhoid Fever

    As the disease progresses, the patients may have increasing lassitude, loss of weight, bradycardia, dicrotic pulse, greenish-yellow diarrhea, tachypnea, abdominal distension[symptoma.com] Credit: AP Photo Though the symptoms of salmonella poisoning are felt most acutely in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of the infection.[cbsnews.com] Causes Typhoid is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is the most serious of the Salmonella infections.[rarediseases.org]

  • Typhus

    It may rarely present as an acute abdomen which may lead to a diagnostic dilemma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both diseases contain the word ‘typhi’ in their official names. Rickettsia typhi is the proper name of typhus and it’s Salmonella typhi for typhoid.[passporthealthusa.com] The antibiotic-resistant strain of Salmonella Typhi, the primary cause of typhoid, emerged within the last 30 years and may represent an ongoing, previously unrecognized epidemic[natureasia.com]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[omicsonline.org] When a patient complains of abdominal pain, the various causes of an acute abdomen or referred pain should be considered.[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] It shows irregular, fragmented, and helmet shaped red blood cells (schistocytes) and an immature platelet The enteric fevers (due to Salmonella typhi and S paratyphi) cause[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Biliary Peritonitis

    RESULTS: A total of 6 patients were included in present series commonest presenting symptom was progressive abdominal distension without signs of overt peritonitis followed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a case of 65-year old previously healthy man, who present with signs of acute abdomen, due to biliary peritonitis as a complication of acute acalculouscholecystitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] AAC occurs in 2% of Salmonella typhi infections. Nontyphoidal salmonella (NTS) are rarely isolated from cases of acute cholecystitis [ 2 ].[panafrican-med-journal.com]

  • Toxic Megacolon

    This report describes the occurrence of toxic megacolon in two young children with Salmonella colitis manifesting as abdominal distension, diarrhea and fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdomen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: During an 11-year period we reviewed the records of children treated for non-typhi Salmonella infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Volvulus of the Small Intestine

    A 56-year-old woman, with a history of appendectomy 30 years previously, was admitted with abdominal distension and signs of peritonitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Preoperative diagnosis may be improved on by exclusion of other common causes of acute abdomen.[anmjournal.com] Abdominal distension, pressure pain, and rebound tenderness were observed throughout his entire abdomen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    An abdominal CT scan was performed in 4 patients with norovirus and in 1 with rotavirus for suspected acute abdomen including acute appendicitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bacteria and protozoans that are amenable to treatment include Shigella Salmonella typhi, and Giardia species.[en.wikipedia.org] See also the separate leaflet called Acute Diarrhoea in Children. Crampy pains in the tummy (abdomen) are common.[patient.info]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    salmonellae.(3) Although many different sites of pneumococcal infection have been described,(4) the respiratory tract is the primary focus of disease.(5) Fortunately, the[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] […] affecting both HIV-1 infected children and adults.(1,2) Among female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya, S. pneumoniae caused more disease than Mycobacterium tuberculosis or non-typhi[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    typhi, Serratia [5] .[ehealthstar.com] Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia: Acinetobacter, Actinomyces, Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Escherichia coli, Meningococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Nocardia, Salmonella[ehealthstar.com]

  • Intestinal Perforation

    There was moderate abdominal distension but without abdominal wall erythema, tenderness or muscle guarding on palpation.[afrjpaedsurg.org] Phytobezoars are uncommon causes of acute abdomen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) causes an estimated 22 million typhoid fever cases and 216 000 deaths annually worldwide.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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