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111 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Ascites, Decreased Bowel Sounds

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    A 50-year-old male presented with a 1-day history of abdominal bloating and distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had an extended hospital course because of severe disease, characterised by systemic inflammatory response syndrome, pleural effusion and ascites but was successfully[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical exam shows low grade fever, epigastric tenderness, and decreased bowel sounds.[medbullets.com]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    This report describes the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with acute peritonitis associated with vomiting and abdominal distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The treatment failed to slow the progress of the disease, and massive ascites appeared with thickening of the gallbladder wall.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] .  Tenderness and generalized guarding  Decreased bowel sounds as Paralytic ileus sets in  Increased temperature and pulse 15.[slideshare.net]

  • Biliary Peritonitis

    RESULTS: A total of 6 patients were included in present series commonest presenting symptom was progressive abdominal distension without signs of overt peritonitis followed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Manifestations may include fever, malaise, and symptoms of ascites and worsening hepatic failure. Diagnosis is by examination of ascitic fluid.[merckmanuals.com] Specific signs and symptoms of spontaneous peritonitis include: Fluid in the abdomen; abdominal pain and distention; tenderness; decreased bowel sounds; inability to pass[diagnose-me.com]

  • Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

    On physical exam, there is abdominal distension, diffuse abdominal tenderness to palpation, flank dullness, and a positive fluid wave.[medbullets.com] Ascites is uncommon in patients with hypothyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal tenderness is what patients' feel. 4. Ascites. The speed of ascites accelerates. Patients feel anabatic abdominal distension. The diuretic does not work.[cirrhosis-treatment.net]

  • Hemoperitoneum

    We herein present a case of a 48-year-old woman who was urgently referred to our clinic with colic, abdominal distension, and hypovolemic shock during menstruation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ascites with right pleural effusion initially suggested fetal hydrops.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Significant findings on clinical examination were marked pallor, gross abdominal distension with doughy feel, and forniceal fullness on vaginal examination.[jpgo.org]

  • Familial Mediterranean Fever

    Peritoneal signs of board-like rigidity of the abdominal muscles, rebound tenderness, and abdominal distension with loss of bowel sounds are common findings during attacks[nature.com] A rare cause of ascites: Familial Mediterranean fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Decreased bowel sounds, distention, guarding, and rebound tenderness are likely to occur at the peak of an attack and cannot be differentiated from a perforated viscus by[merckmanuals.com]

  • Ileus

    Ileus was defined if a child developed abdominal distension and had hyperactive or sluggish or absent bowel sound and a radiologic evidence of abdominal gas-fluid level during[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a case of chylous ascites with strangulated ileus, and review all 22 cases (including our case) of chylous ascites with strangulated ileus reported in the English[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] flatus, decreased bowel sounds and decreased stool output.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis

    Severe subcontinuous abdominal pain out of proportion to the physical findings and abdominal distension were the major symptoms in both patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two days later abdominal distension developed concomitantly with ventilatory distress due to a large retroperitoneal hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mesenteric ischemia and bowel infarction are life-threatening complications of acute MVT, manifesting as dehydration, hypotension, fever, ascites, and shock.[symptoma.com]

  • Intestinal Infarction

    Symptoms• Cramping and abdominal pain• Bloody stools• Frequent urge to defecate• Diarrhea• Nausea or vomiting• Abdominal distension 44.[slideshare.net] […] hemorrhagic infarction of the gastrointestinal tract that developed in a 53-year-old man 3 years after a Denver peritoneovenous shunt was implanted for control of cirrhotic ascites[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] decreases, resulting in abdominal bloating, no further bloody stools, and absent bowel sounds on exam.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    She presented with remarkable abdominal distension and respiratory difficulty but was effectively treated by surgical removal of the tumor with preoperative and operative[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] US and plain film of the abdomen disclosed the existence of ischemic enteritis, ileus and ascites. Low CH50 was seen in July 2, 1992.[ginmu.naramed-u.ac.jp] Surgery, peritonitis, electrolyte abnormalities, medications, severe medical illness Nausea, vomiting, obstipation, distention Minimal abdominal tenderness, decreased bowel[quizlet.com]

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