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134 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Ascites, Decreased Bowel Sounds

  • Appendicitis

    At day 51 she developed abdominal distension and was referred to a pediatric surgeon by day 54 with pneumoperitoneum.[] bowel sounds.[] […] pain (often RLQ), abdominal distension, fever, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea Diagnosis: CT scan Treatment: NPO, IV fluids, broad spectrum antibiotics (piperacillin-tazobactam[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    A 35-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and abdominal distension on the third day after cesarean section delivery.[] She had an extended hospital course because of severe disease, characterised by systemic inflammatory response syndrome, pleural effusion and ascites but was successfully[] Physical exam shows low grade fever, epigastric tenderness, and decreased bowel sounds.[]

  • Biliary Peritonitis

    A total of 6 patients were included in present series commonest presenting symptom was progressive abdominal distension without signs of overt peritonitis followed by progressive[] Manifestations may include fever, malaise, and symptoms of ascites and worsening hepatic failure. Diagnosis is by examination of ascitic fluid.[] Specific signs and symptoms of spontaneous peritonitis include: Fluid in the abdomen; abdominal pain and distention; tenderness; decreased bowel sounds; inability to pass[]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    This report describes the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with acute peritonitis associated with vomiting and abdominal distension.[] The treatment failed to slow the progress of the disease, and massive ascites appeared with thickening of the gallbladder wall.[] .  Tenderness and generalized guarding  Decreased bowel sounds as Paralytic ileus sets in  Increased temperature and pulse 15.[]

  • Ileus

    Abdominal distension/tenderness are the most relevant clinical signs (71 %).[] We describe a case of chylous ascites with strangulated ileus, and review all 22 cases (including our case) of chylous ascites with strangulated ileus reported in the English[] […] flatus, decreased bowel sounds and decreased stool output.[]

  • Hemoperitoneum

    Significant findings on clinical examination were marked pallor, gross abdominal distension with doughy feel, and forniceal fullness on vaginal examination.[] Ascites with right pleural effusion initially suggested fetal hydrops.[] The abdominal cavity is highly distensible and may easily hold greater than five liters of blood, or more than the entire circulating blood volume for an average-sized individual[]

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    A 10-year-old girl presented with abdominal distension and vomiting due to a jejunojejunal bowel fistula, forming a blind loop.[] […] after the completion of the infusion, the baby developed clinical and radiological signs of necrotizing enterocolitis, with intestinal perforation and massive hemorrhagic ascites[] bowel sounds Imaging findings Acute disease most commonly affects the terminal ileum Plain film of the abdomen remains method in which disease is diagnosed most often Findings[]

  • Myxedema

    Gastrointestinal System Patients with myxedema may have abdominal distension due to ascites, paralytic ileus, or fecal impaction.[] Myxedema ascites is thus rare but easy to treat; it should be borne in mind, especially if the ascites fluid has a high protein content.[] Bradycardia Hoarse voice Hypotension Slow RR Obesity Decreased bowel sounds Nonpitting edema Dry/rough skin Decreased reflexes Don’t just make the diagnosis, but identify[]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    distension.[] Patients with a clinical score 2 combined with the presence of ascites in ultrasound (US) results or with wall thickness and reduced wall contrast enhancement in abdominal[] Two days later, her symptoms worsened, with increased pain in the right lower quadrant, abdominal distention, and decreased bowel sounds.[]

  • Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

    On physical exam, there is abdominal distension, diffuse abdominal tenderness to palpation, flank dullness, and a positive fluid wave.[] Ascites is uncommon in patients with hypothyroidism.[] Abdominal tenderness is what patients' feel. 4. Ascites. The speed of ascites accelerates. Patients feel anabatic abdominal distension. The diuretic does not work.[]

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