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120 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Echogenic Kidneys, small

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    The remaining gases produced in the process cause the subsequent bloating and abdominal distension.[] We describe the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting with chronic small bowel diarrhoea and malabsorption.[] Ultrasound showed both kidneys to be 9.5 cm in length with mild cortical thinning and increased echogenicity. Her daily urine volume ranged between 2000-2600 mL.[]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Although some of small studies demonstrated a small benefit for women with recurrent UTIs, there were no statistically significant differences when the results of a much larger[] Ultrasonography revealed large hypoechoic mass, including multiple cysts in the upper pole of the transplanted kidney.[] Cervical lymph node histopathology confirmed a diagnosis of small cell carcinoma of the lung.[]

  • Nephroblastoma

    NBLs are most commonly located within the adrenal gland, so typically present as palpable abdominal masses causing pain and distension [ 1 , 4 ].[] The right gonad also was an ovotestis with a tiny focus of small cell malignancy that was suggestive of nephroblastoma.[] At US, the enlarged kidney may have diffusely decreased echogenicity.[]

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    A 10-year-old girl presented with abdominal distension and vomiting due to a jejunojejunal bowel fistula, forming a blind loop.[] Necrotizing enterocolitis is a disease of the newborn that may involve the small intestine and/or the colon, and the stomach.[] Typical findings on ultrasonography include the appearance of an intestinal wall with central echogenic locus and hypoechoic rim or pseudo-kidney sign.[]

  • Liposarcoma

    One week later, the symptoms of abdominal distension, nausea, and vomiting were gradually alleviated. The PS score reduced to 3.[] Herein we reported an extremely rare case of intussusception induced by primary small bowel LPS.[] Bilateral kidneys and spleen showed no gross abnormality. There was no evidence of free fluid. Retroperitoneal area could not be visualized.[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Eight years after LGD was detected, he complained of abdominal distension and pain. Stenosis of the upper rectum by an advanced rectal carcinoma was detected.[] We report the case of a 76-year-old woman who presented with a podocytopathy that was found to be associated with a small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).[] A renal ultrasound can also be done and high echogenicity of the kidney is a pointer to chronic kidney disease. It will also show if a patient has one or two kidneys.[]

  • Toxic Megacolon

    This report describes the occurrence of toxic megacolon in two young children with Salmonella colitis manifesting as abdominal distension, diarrhea and fever.[] Pericolonic fat stranding (P .12), ascites (P .6), and small bowel and gastric distension (P 1) were not distinctive criteria.[] A renal ultrasound showed echogenic kidneys without signs of obstruction and an echocardiogram was normal.[]

  • Urinary Tract Obstruction

    Although fetal karyotype was normal 46XY, follow-up fetal ultrasound examinations revealed ventriculomegaly in the brain, a small stomach and a right multicystic dysplastic[] All cases had a very similar prenatal presentation with a megacystis, bilateral hydro-ureteronephrosis and increased echogenicity of the kidneys.[] Both were born alive but that diagnosed at 25 weeks died of lung hypoplasia, the other survived, required nephrectomy and at the age of 3 is small but developing normally.[]

  • Choledochal Cyst

    We report on a 68-year-old woman who had experienced epigastric abdominal distension and nausea for over 1 year.[] One form of MIS used to remove choledochal cysts is called laparoscopic surgery, during which surgeons use small instruments guided by a small telescope.[] Both kidneys were normal in size and echogenicity, and showed no stones, masses, or hydronephrosis. The bladder was unremarkable.[]

  • Perforated Viscus

    All of the patients presented with pain in the abdomen, 64% with vomiting, 72% with abdominal distension, 44% were febrile, 6% with shock (Table-4). 80% of patients were of[] There were a total of 51 perforations, including 14 of the colon, 15 of the small bowel, 15 of the stomach, five of the esophagus, and two of the pharynx.[] Dirty free fluid (arrow) in Morison’s Pouch between the liver (L) and right kidney (K). Figure 3.[]

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