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106 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Hyperactive Bowel Sounds

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[omicsonline.org] Most of the children having Hyponatremia also had associated hypokalemia, which may lead to abdominal distension.[omicsonline.org] Abdominal distension had a positive correlation with Hyponatremia and Hypokalemia. Routine estimation of serum electrolytes is not necessary.[omicsonline.org]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    A 27-year-old male presented with a history of gastric pain combined with nausea and abdominal distension that had been present for 5 d.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Vomiting (161, 74.2%), abdominal pain (152, 70%), abdominal tenderness (113, 52.1%), constipation (111, 51.2%), and abdominal distension (104, 47.9%) were the predominant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her physical exam reveals hyperactive bowel sounds, diffuse abdominal tenderness and distention. An abdominal x-ray is shown below.[medbullets.com] On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    Snap Shot A 65 yo presents with abdominal distension and colicky pain . Introduction Adhesions are the most common cause of all bowel obstructions.[medbullets.com] At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] The diagnosis of adult obstruction was made from a history of constipation, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, nausea, and radiographic features of large bowel obstruction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional intestinal disease characterized by chronic or recurrent abdominal pain, abdominal distension, constipation and diarrhea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The bowel sounds may vary depending on whether the patient has constipation (bowel sounds may be hypoactive) or diarrhea (bowel sounds may be hyperactive).[clinicaladvisor.com] Compared with the Mox group, greater improvements in abdominal distension, defecation frequency, diffificulty in defecation and stool features were observed in the EA group[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Obstipation

    ‘She had a 3-day history of acute-onset abdominal pain, vomiting, abdominal distension, and obstipation.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] ‘Cramping pain, little vomiting, constipation and obstipation, distension, loud borborygmi and little loss of electrolytes.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] ‘A 71-year-old white man with no prior history of malignancy and a 2-week history of obstipation, increasing abdominal girth, and abdominal cramping sought medical attention[en.oxforddictionaries.com]

  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    Although intravenous immunoglobulin was administered, the fever and abdominal distension persisted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On day 15, he developed increasing abdominal distention with hyperactive bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although As(2)O(3) was discontinued and dexamethasone was administered, vomiting and abdominal distension worsened.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gallstone Ileus

    An 89-year-old woman presented with an 8-day history of increasing abdominal distension, pain and associated nausea. Abdominal X-ray demonstrated large bowel dilation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Common abdominal signs include abdominal distension and hyperactive bowel sounds [ 4 ].[karger.com] distension, and pain. [ 6 ] Symptoms Abdominal pain is an early sign with vomiting developing later.[patient.info]

  • Cecal Volvulus

    We report a case in an 86-year-old man presented with an abrupt onset of lower abdominal distension, preoperatively diagnosed as cecal volvulus by abdominal CT.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As regards clinical examination, it demonstrated a distended tender abdomen with hyperactive bowel sounds. Laboratory works were within normal limits.[saudisurgj.org] Clinical manifestations included severe nausea, vomiting, and abdominal distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Giardiasis

    Other associated symptoms were abdominal pain (100%), abdominal distension (70%), flatulence (50%), less consistent stools (50%), anemia (30%), and increased erythrocyte sedimentation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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