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416 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Hypokalemia

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] Bowel Bowel dilates proximal to obstruction Flatus and Bowel Movement s cease Dehydration results from Vomiting, minimal absorption, and bowel edema Metabolic Alkalosis and Hypokalemia[fpnotebook.com]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Symptoms: abdominal distension, weight loss, fatigue, jaundice, pruritus, coffee-ground vomit, melaena and confusion.[kenhub.com] ., spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ) Gastrointestinal bleeding Constipation Portal vein thrombosis Hypovolemia /exsiccosis and electrolyte disturbances ( hypokalemia, hyponatremia[amboss.com] Screen for hypoxia, hypoglycemia, anemia, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, and other potential metabolic or endocrine factors; correct as indicated.[aafp.org]

  • Ascites

    Here we report a case of a 46-year-old HIV positive female who presented to us with ascites and abdominal distension with peripheral eosinophilia and diagnosed as EGE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] diuresis depletes fluid from the intravascular compartment, especially when peripheral edema is absent; this depletion may cause renal failure or electrolyte imbalance (eg, hypokalemia[merckmanuals.com] A 44-year-old woman presented with 3 months' history of painless progressive abdominal distension and weight loss of more than 15 kg.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    The physical examination revealed an epigastric pain, accompanied with the abdominal distension. No signs of the peritonitis.[ccij-online.org] Renal compensation for this loss of H ions is by preserving protons at the expense of potassium and thus hypokalemia ensues with now, hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic[forums.studentdoctor.net] The adrenocortical response to hypovolemia intensifies the exchange of potassium for sodium at the distal tubule, with subsequent aggravation of the hypokalemia.[thehealthscience.com]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    A 50-year-old male presented with a 1-day history of abdominal bloating and distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 35-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and abdominal distension on the third day after cesarean section delivery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 15 days of tigecycline treatment, she was observed with recurrent fever and abdominal distension with a rise in pancreatic enzymes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Celiac Disease

    We report here a 6-year-old girl presenting with malaise, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, abdominal distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    This report describes the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with acute peritonitis associated with vomiting and abdominal distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] Abdominal tenderness Abdominal distension Fever Low urine output Point tenderness Thirst Fluid in the abdomen Constipation Inability to pass faeces gas Signs of shock in extreme[cahabavalleysurgical.com]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Eight years after LGD was detected, he complained of abdominal distension and pain. Stenosis of the upper rectum by an advanced rectal carcinoma was detected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with this syndrome present with early onset of hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronism, and a potassium-sparing diuretics[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It has minimal side effects on short-term usage, but prolonged use can result in polyuria, hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    There was no significant difference at six months between cisapride and placebo for abdominal distension, MD -0.90 (95% CI -2.39 to 0.59) or abdominal pain, MD -0.4 (95% CI[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdominal distension.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    The remaining gases produced in the process cause the subsequent bloating and abdominal distension.[symptoma.com] One or more boratory alterations (increased erythrocyte sedimentaion rate, anemia, hypokalemia, and low serum albumin vel) were found in 62% of patients with organic diarrhea[doi.org] distension, flatulence Weight loss, fatigue Additional symptoms of specific deficiencies Partial (isolated) malabsorption : only symptoms specific to individual nutrient[amboss.com]

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