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86 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Ileus, Pelvic Hematoma

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    A 27-year-old male presented with a history of gastric pain combined with nausea and abdominal distension that had been present for 5 d.[] […] related to underlying etiology Risk Factors Previous abdominal and/or pelvic surgery (particularly with open surgical techniques) Hernia Chronic constipation Cholelithiasis[] Another cause of meconium ileus is cystic fibrosis.[]

  • Traumatic Urinary Bladder Rupture

    These injuries in a child can present as abdominal pain, emesis, constipation, multiple ecchymoses, and abdominal distension.[] Additionally, the bladder may assume a teardrop shape secondary to compression from a pelvic hematoma.[] […] enhanced study for diagnosis of bladder rupture Bladder needs to be fully distended and evaluation of a post-voiding film essential Plain film: "Pear-shaped" bladder Paralytic ileus[]

  • Hemoperitoneum

    We herein present a case of a 48-year-old woman who was urgently referred to our clinic with colic, abdominal distension, and hypovolemic shock during menstruation.[] Do not explore pelvic hematomas. Use external fixation of pelvic fractures to reduce or stop blood loss in this region.[] Significant findings on clinical examination were marked pallor, gross abdominal distension with doughy feel, and forniceal fullness on vaginal examination.[]

  • Constipation

    The patient was brought to the emergency department with intermittent headache, vomiting, constipation, and abdominal distension and pain.[] Digital examination revealed a pulseless tumor and pelvic CT and US showed the big cystic lesion.[] A related but separate entity is postoperative ileus, which is an abnormal pattern of gastrointestinal motility after surgery.[]

  • Volvulus of the Small Intestine

    A 56-year-old woman, with a history of appendectomy 30 years previously, was admitted with abdominal distension and signs of peritonitis.[] Figure 4: Axial CT scan of pelvic objectifying moderately abundant hemoperitoneum at the Dougla’s pouch.[] She was suspected of having an ileus and was referred to our hospital.[]

  • Retroperitoneal Hematoma

    RH can also present as an abdominal mass accompanied by distension, whereas newly form ascites is a highly indicative sign of an ongoing process in the abdomen.[] One complication of femoral artery catheterization is postprocedure pelvic hematoma. These hematomas can be difficult to differentiate from adnexal masses.[] Patients generally do not present with a paralytic ileus secondary to retro-bleed.[]

  • Volvulus

    The patient was admitted to the hospital with enormous abdominal distension and acute respiratory insufficiency.[] Figure 4: Axial CT scan of pelvic objectifying moderately abundant hemoperitoneum at the Dougla’s pouch.[] […] and intestinal obstruction without hernia K56.0 Paralytic ileus K56.1 Intussusception K56.2 Volvulus K56.3 Gallstone ileus K56.4 Other impaction of intestine K56.49 Other[]

  • Obstipation

    ‘She had a 3-day history of acute-onset abdominal pain, vomiting, abdominal distension, and obstipation.’[] Digital examination revealed a pulseless tumor and pelvic CT and US showed the big cystic lesion.[] One child had pseudoobstruction syndrome complicated by recurrent obstipation; the other had cystic fibrosis complicated by recurrent obstruction from meconium ileus equivalent[]

  • Rectal Obstruction

    A week later the baby developed generalized abdominal distension.[] Pelvic CT scan conducted on the postoperative day 7 showed a mass 7cm in diameter of the rectum, which was thought to be a submucous hematoma.[] We report a case in which rectal obstruction due to prostate cancer was exacerbated due to an ileus after the administration of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue[]

  • Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage

    A patient with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis developed sudden severe abdominal pain and distension.[] Contrast computed tomography (CT) revealed an extensive abdominal-pelvic, retroperitoneal hematoma extending approximately 15 cm in length from above L5 cephalad to below[] Does anyone know why retroperitoneal hemorrhage can lead to paralytic ileus? TIA Any stress on the body can cause an ileus.[]

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