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471 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Jaundice, Splenomegaly

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    He also had C/O abdominal distension and pedel edema.  Abdominal distension since 6 months.  K/C/O alcoholic liver disease, admitted for the same.  H/O pedal edema - pitting[slideshare.net] It has a lengthy latent period, usually followed by the sudden appearance of abdominal pain and swelling, hematemesis, dependent edema, or jaundice.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Liver cirrhosis: Liver cirrhosis with an inhomogeneous liver with irregular contour and ascites and splenomegaly Liver cirrhosis: Liver cirrhosis with an irregular liver contour[ultrasoundcases.info]

  • Gaucher Disease

    Headache, diarrhea, abdominal distension, and abdominal pain were also reported as related events in 3, 4, 1, and 1 placebo‐treated patients, respectively, during the 9‐month[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations General assessment FBC and differential (assess the degree of pancytopenia); LFTs (minor elevations of liver enzymes are common but jaundice is a poor prognostic[patient.info] CONCLUSION: HALS for GD patients with refractory hypersplenism and massive splenomegaly is safe and feasible in experienced hands.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cytomegalovirus Infection

    ., 6-weeks-old, born small for gestational age, was admitted in our Hospital for gastrointestinal signs: diarrhea, abdominal distension, observed three days earlier.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RATIONALE: Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a rare congenital disorder that may cause jaundice in infants.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ultrasound confirmed massive splenomegaly with a span of 21 cm in the long axis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wolman Disease

    Affected infants show signs of lipid storage in most tissues, including hepatosplenomegaly, abdominal distension, vomiting, steatorrhea, failure to thrive, and adrenal calcifications[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] LAL is responsible of Wolman disease (WD), a severe systemic disease manifesting in the first days of life with vomiting, diarrhea, failure to thrive, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other signs often include splenomegaly, high total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, and low HDL-cholesterol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    This is the youngest reported patient diagnosed with PV and BCS secondary to JAK V617F mutation.A 26-month-old girl was admitted with a 5-month history of abdominal distension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is also rare and presents with ascites, abdominal pain, hepatomegaly, leg swelling, and jaundice.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When imaging techniques evolved, unenhanced CT scan was performed and shows splenomegaly and a small ascites medial to the spleen (arrow).[emedicine.com]

  • ALK+ Histiocytosis

    Abdominal distension due to hepatosplenomegaly may be detected in the physical examination.[symptoma.com] Hypersplenism is a cytopenia resulting from blood pooling in the spleen and is almost always associated with splenomegaly.[radiopaedia.org] After noticing he appeared jaundiced, doctors did a blood test and discovered his platelet count was 18,000, significantly lower than the average count of 150,000.[medium.com]

  • T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Obstructive jaundice: an unusual initial manifestation of intra-abdominal non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a child.[journals.lww.com] Clinical examination may reveal splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy.[symptoma.com]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    We report a case of diabetic myonecrosis in a 33-year-old man with hepatitis B-induced liver cirrhosis and type 2 diabetes who presented with abdominal distension and pain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient also presented with acute encephalopathy, jaundice, right upper quadrant abdominal pain and hyperbilirubinaemia (total bilirubin of 8.1 mg/dL with direct bilirubin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We performed LS in 83 patients with massive splenomegaly ( 30 cm) secondary to portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    At each visit, healthcare providers should record the patient’s body weight and sitting and standing blood pressures and determine the degree of jugular venous distension[content.onlinejacc.org] […] and perinatal jaundice 33 35 88 89 1 Pneumonia (except that caused by tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases) 55 25 148 61 -59 Short gestation, low birth weight,[web.archive.org] Significant liver congestion may result in impaired liver function (congestive hepatopathy), and jaundice and even coagulopathy (problems of decreased or increased blood clotting[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Porphyria

    Ileus and bladder distension may be present.[web.archive.org] ., and Thomson S. ( 1948 ) A case of chronic porphyria associated with recurrent jaundice. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 51: 123 - 137.[doi.org] Clinical manifestations can range from mild to severe and include erythrodontia, reddish‐colored urine, and hemolytic anemia that can be mild or severe and may result in splenomegaly[doi.org]

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