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69 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Marasmus

  • Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    Although the infant had not opened the bowel for two days prior to the onset of the illness, there was no abdominal distension at any point.[panafrican-med-journal.com] Marasmus, however, or severe protein-calorie malnutrition, is rarely seen today. Jaundice may be seen in approximately 5% of infants (1).[hawaii.edu]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    There was no significant difference at six months between cisapride and placebo for abdominal distension, MD -0.90 (95% CI -2.39 to 0.59) or abdominal pain, MD -0.4 (95% CI[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdominal distension.[emedicine.medscape.com] distension) Rectal prolapse; dehydration and electrolyte disturbance (pseudo-Bartter’s syndrome); anaemia, oedema, and hypoprotenaemia Older children and adults Recurrent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Kwashiorkor

    distension (with/without dilated bowel loops and hepatomegaly) Round face (prominence of the cheeks, or “moon facies”) Thin, dry, peeling skin with confluent areas of scaling[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the consequences of severe protein deficiency relative to calories, which results in kwashiorkor, and of a balanced deficiency of protein and calories that results in marasmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] rate in marasmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[omicsonline.org] Fifteen episodes of fluid resuscitation were recorded involving 12 SAM cases (75% marasmus), the majority (10/11) for hypovolaemia secondary to diarrhoea early in the course[wellcomeopenresearch.org] Most of the children having Hyponatremia also had associated hypokalemia, which may lead to abdominal distension.[omicsonline.org]

  • Lactose Intolerance

    The body mass index and waist circumference measurement did not affect abdominal distension (p not significant); however, age modified the time of distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] stool reducing substance or 1 [0.5%] and stool pH 5.5) and it occurred more commonly in children with kwashiorkor 27/75 (36.0%) than marasmic-kwashiorkor 6/25 (24.0%) and marasmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Jejunal disaccharidase activities in children with marasmus and with kwashiorkor. Response to treatment. Arch Dis Child. 1971 ;46(246): 218 – 220.[doi.org]

  • Marasmus

    distension and edema, 'starvation stools', hypotonia, hypothermia, metabolism.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Hemoglobin test: Confirms the occurrence of severe anemia in marasmus.[symptoma.com] […] manifestations (distension, decreased or metallic bowel sounds; large or small liver; blood or mucus in the stools), ocular manifestations (corneal lesions associated with[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Malnutrition

    distension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our results indicate that there might be a significant difference in developmental attainment between children with kwashiorkor and with marasmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] growth retardation and internal lesions related to prolonged protein-energy malnutrition (fat and muscle wasting, thymic atrophy, liver steatosis) resulting in a picture of marasmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Childhood Celiac Disease

    Infants and young children typically present with chronic diarrhea, anorexia, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, poor weight gain or weight loss, and vomiting.[emedicine.medscape.com] Abdominal distension Abdominal pain Celiac crisis (cholera-like syndrome) [ 56 ] Chronic fatigue, lack of energy Chronic constipation in children Chronic migraine Dermatological[worldgastroenterology.org] Rarely, severely affected infants present with a celiac crisis, which is characterized by explosive watery diarrhea, marked abdominal distension, dehydration, hypotension,[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Donohue Syndrome

    A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Keywords Hypoglycemia Inguinal Hernia Pilonidal Sinus Poor Weight Gain Marasmus These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.[link.springer.com] Conditions mentioned for the diagnosis are characteristic gnome like facies, dystrophy with failure of ossification and marasmus, atrophy of lymphoid structures with a liability[e-ijd.org]

  • Pyloric Stenosis

    Marasmus, however, or severe protein-calorie malnutrition, is rarely seen today. Jaundice may be seen in approximately 5% of infants (1).[hawaii.edu]

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