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814 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Rectal Bleeding

  • Constipation

    The patient was brought to the emergency department with intermittent headache, vomiting, constipation, and abdominal distension and pain.[] Diagnosis of primary chronic constipation involves a multistep process initiated by the exclusion of 'alarm' features (for example, unintentional weight loss or rectal bleeding[] Constipation also requires an immediate assessment if it is accompanied by worrisome symptoms such as rectal bleeding, abdominal pain and cramps, nausea and vomiting, and[]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[] The virus is noninvasive of the colon; therefore, white blood cells (WBCs) are not seen in the stool, and hematochezia is rare.[] Most of the children having Hyponatremia also had associated hypokalemia, which may lead to abdominal distension.[]

  • Colitis

    The first sign is abdominal distension with retention followed by vomiting.[] Its major symptoms include diarrhea, rectal bleeding, the passage of mucus, and abdominal pain Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes ulcers in the lining of the rectum[] During a physical exam, the health care provider most often checks for abdominal distension, or swelling listens to sounds within the abdomen using a stethoscope taps on the[]

  • Mesenteric Infarction

    On the 14th hospital day, the developing abdominal distension and generalized tenderness suggested a mesenteric vascular occlusion.[] bleeding or bloody stools Rapid heartbeat Prevention of Mesenteric Ischemia As much as possible, observe heart-healthy behaviors, such as maintaining a healthy diet, engaging[] Clinical features Periumbilical pain that is disproportionate to physical findings Nausea and vomiting Diarrhea (bloody in later stages) Gangrenous bowel: rectal bleeding[]

  • Meckel Diverticulum

    The patients may present with abdominal mass, distension, pain, vomiting, melena, perforation or obstruction. [7], [8] We encountered a similar case in our study.[] RESULTS: (a) In 33 patients with rectal bleeding, MD was detected on RNMS in 32. Ten of these 32 had other imaging studies, all of which were negative.[] Nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, change in bowel habits, constipation or abdominal distension are the nonspecific symptoms and signs of intussusception 13) .[]

  • Clostridium Difficile

    Two days later he developed abdominal pain, distension, diarrhoea and leucocytosis.[] The patient experienced diarrhea and rectal bleeding and was diagnosed of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC).[] Clinically, diarrhea frequently occurs, but severe hematochezia is rarely seen with CDI.[]

  • Toxic Megacolon

    This report describes the occurrence of toxic megacolon in two young children with Salmonella colitis manifesting as abdominal distension, diarrhea and fever.[] While he was in Europe in June 1976, rectal bleeding, low abdominal cramping pain, and diarrhea developed. A diagnosis of ulcerative colitis was made sigmoidoscopically.[] The diagnosis TM was determined on the basis of clinical information (abdominal pain or tenderness, abdominal distension, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, and constipation), plain[]

  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    A 53-year-old man with a long history of primary myelofibrosis, presented with abdominal distension and inguinal mass.[] Gastrointestinal hemorrhages, hematochezia and melena, are commonly reported. Hepatosplenomegaly may cause upper abdominal pain, portal hypertension and ascites.[] distension/fluid retention (if portal hypertension or increased blood pressure within the portal vein is present) Compromised liver function Abnormal growth of blood forming[]

  • Volvulus

    The patient was admitted to the hospital with enormous abdominal distension and acute respiratory insufficiency.[] bleeding Failure to thrive Rapid heart rate Rapid breathing Bloody stools The symptoms of malrotation and volvulus may look like other conditions or medical problems.[] The most common presentation was abdominal distension (14/19 [74%]) and pain (11/19 [58%]).[]

  • Cytomegalovirus Infection

    ., 6-weeks-old, born small for gestational age, was admitted in our Hospital for gastrointestinal signs: diarrhea, abdominal distension, observed three days earlier.[] Patients with CMV enterocolitis most often present with diarrhea, fever and weight loss, abdominal pain and hematochezia 2 .[] Infection of the gastrointestinal tract can result in CMV colitis with symptoms of diarrhea, hematochezia, and abdominal pain that may progress to perforation of bowel.[]

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