Create issue ticket

31 Possible Causes for Abdominal Distension, Sunken Fontanelle

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Abdominal distension: 22% (44) cases had associated abdominal distension. 81.8% (36/44) of Hyponatremic children had distension of abdomen. 5.1% (8/143) of Isonatremic children[omicsonline.org] Severe dehydration—which is an emergency—can cause extreme thirst, extreme sleepiness, sunken fontanels, and fussiness in infants; irritability/confusion in adults; and dry[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[medlineplus.gov]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    fontanel (the soft spot on the top of an infant’s head) How is viral gastroenteritis diagnosed?[cedars-sinai.org] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[medlineplus.gov] […] appearance to the eyes Sunken soft spot on an infant's head (fontanelle) Prevention Most viruses and bacteria are passed from person to person by unwashed hands.[ufhealth.org]

  • Dehydration

    A 63-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and osteoporosis, was admitted to the emergency room with abdominal distension and vomiting for 24 h.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs of Dehydration Mild Thirst Dry lips Slightly dry mouth membranes Moderate Very dry mouth membranes Sunken eyes Sunken fontanelle (soft spot) on infant’s head.[quickcare.org] […] eyes, (in infant – sunken fontanel, the soft spot on the head), limited, very dark urine, cramps, stiff and/or painful joints, severe irritability, severe headache, few or[lecomhealth.com]

  • Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    Although the infant had not opened the bowel for two days prior to the onset of the illness, there was no abdominal distension at any point.[panafrican-med-journal.com] Physical examination is significant for sunken fontanelles and dry mucous membranes. A palpable, ball shaped mass is noted just to the right of the epigastrum.[medbullets.com]

  • Giardiasis

    Other associated symptoms were abdominal pain (100%), abdominal distension (70%), flatulence (50%), less consistent stools (50%), anemia (30%), and increased erythrocyte sedimentation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Head and neck: Infants may present with sunken fontanels during massive diarrhea. Tongue may appear dry and eyes will appear sunken with dehydration.[symptoma.com] Presentation is of chronic persistent, or recurrent diarrhoea with very offensive stools, abdominal distension and weight loss.[gpnotebook.co.uk]

  • Meckel Diverticulum

    The patients may present with abdominal mass, distension, pain, vomiting, melena, perforation or obstruction. [7], [8] We encountered a similar case in our study.[doi.org] The symptoms of dehydration may appear in phases and include lethargy, less frequent wet nappies and the soft spot (fontanel) on the top of the head may be sunken.[gosh.nhs.uk]

  • Meckel Diverticulitis

    […] guarding and distension, vomiting, obstipation Causes: Volvulus (with persistent fibrous band), torsion, foreign body, Littre’s Hernia (inclusion in hernia sac), inversion[learningradiology.com] The symptoms of dehydration may appear in phases and include lethargy, less frequent wet nappies and the soft spot (fontanel) on the top of the head may be sunken.[gosh.nhs.uk] Heterotopic gastric mucosa ulceration and hemorrhage Occult blood loss and iron deficiency anemia (adults) Small bowel obstruction ( 35%) Most common complication in adults Abdominal[learningradiology.com]

  • Volvulus

    The patient was admitted to the hospital with enormous abdominal distension and acute respiratory insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms of dehydration may appear in phases and include lethargy, less frequent wet nappies and the soft spot (fontanel) on the top of the head may be sunken.[gosh.nhs.uk] The most common presentation was abdominal distension (14/19 [74%]) and pain (11/19 [58%]).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rotavirus Infection

    distension, vomiting and bloody diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rotavirus infection in infants leads to the same symptoms, including severe diarrhea, vomiting, and fever; dehydration also leads to sunken fontanelles, a decreased production[symptoma.com] Symptoms of dehydration include lethargy, dry, cool skin, absence of tears when crying, dry or sticky mouth, sunken eyes or sunken fontanel (the soft spot on the head of infants[medicinenet.com]

  • Atresia of Small Intestine

    There will be vomiting and abdominal distension within 24 hours of birth, or these symptoms may be delayed somewhat if the obstruction is more distal.[pathologylearningcentre.uct.ac.za] Over time, the patient develops signs of hypovolemia (sunken eyes, sunken fontanel, dry skin and mucous membranes, and prolonged capillary refill time), which are due to vomiting[thehealthscience.com] These may include abdominal distension, vomiting bile, and failure to pass stool.[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms