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11 Possible Causes for Abdominal Pain, Onset at Age 5-10 Years, Periodic Lateralized Epileptiform Discharges

  • Migraine

    Condition: migraine (therapy-resistant; 18 migraine with aura, 7 vasomotoric headache, 5 common migraine; 2 had additional cluster headache) Demographics: mean age 39 years[] Long term follow up of children with recurrent abdominal pain: definition of recurrent abdominal pain was not applied.[] Background and objectives Abdominal pain is a well-known headache-associated symptom in migraine in children, but rarely in adults.[]

  • Epilepsy

    […] of onset of 5–20 years (peak 10–16 years ) characterised by myoclonic seizures that most commonly occur soon after waking a very rare epilepsy syndrome with an age of onset[] More severe liver injury can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, anorexia, jaundice and/or dark urine.[] The individual may also experience intense fear, abdominal pain or discomfort, or an awareness of increased respiration rate or heartbeat.[]

  • Behçet Disease

    The EEG showed generalized slowing in two cases, and periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges in one.[] Ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare cause of abdominal pain that should be considered in patients with Behçet disease.[] Onset is usually between 10 and 30 years of age, but may occur as late as age 45, and males are affected approximately 5 times more frequently than females.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    One week after the third cycle of rituximab (6 doses of 1000 mg), she experienced abdominal pain, fever, and severe bloody diarrhea; finally, she was diagnosed with ulcerative[] Female sex, relapsing-remitting subtype, optic neuritis or sensory symptoms at onset, few attacks in the initial years and especially early age at onset, are associated with[] The most common AEs included flushing, upper abdominal pain, nausea and diarrhoea.[]

  • Rasmussen Syndrome

    The EEG revealed frequent runs of periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) either at the vertex or broadly distributed over the left hemisphere, associated with[] Clinical context This epilepsy is associated with onset of seizures between 1-10 years of age (peak 5-6 years), later onset is exceptional.[] Seven years later, acute intermittent porphyria was diagnosed as she developed an acute episode of abdominal pain, dark urine, and hyponatremia.[]

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Type 6

    lateralizing epileptiform discharges) in comatose patients also are not necessarily epileptic, and their cause is usually not clearly defined.[] More severe liver injury can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, anorexia, jaundice and/or dark urine.[] […] lasting longer than 10 minutes; and (5) failure to respond to first-line antiepileptic drug therapy with continued seizures after 2 years of age.[]

  • Onchocerciasis

    […] were no periodic lateralizing epileptiform discharges suggestive of encephalitis from herpesvirus or other viruses.[] pain that occur within seven days of treatment of microfilariasis.[] Mazzotti reactions can be life-threatening, and are characterized by fever, urticaria, swollen and tender lymph nodes, tachycardia, hypotension, arthralgias, oedema, and abdominal[]

  • Non-epileptic Convulsion

    periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges’ are proposed to be replaced by ‘lateralized periodic discharges’.[] In gastroenterology, these include vomiting, dysphagia, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.[] Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) An epilepsy syndrome with an age of onset of 5–20 years (peak 10–16 years) characterised by myoclonic seizures that most commonly occur soon[]

  • Idiopathic Hemiconvulsion-Hemiplegia Syndrome

    ) Lateralized Epileptiform Discharges (PLEDs)Psychogenic (S)Psychomotor (S, E)Psychoses, Psychosocial (Problems)Psychotropic Medications, Pyknolepsy, Pyridoxine, Race, Ramsay[] Epidemiology Age of onset ranges between 1 and 15 years. Up to 75% of cases have onset of seizure between 7 and 10 years.[] Classically, it manifests with intestinal symptoms (diarrhea, steatorrhea, abdominal pain or discomfort) associated with weight loss and anemia.[]

  • Postinfectious Encephalitis

    The presence of periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) is associated with HSV encephalitis but may also be consistent with seizure activity, EBV encephalitis[] All 18 of the children were reported to have received measles vaccine (unspecified) between 12 and 18 months of age; the age of onset of optic neuritis ranged from 5 years[] Mild abdominal pain or cramping may occur.[]

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