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22 Possible Causes for Abnormal Finger-to-Nose Test, Cerebellar Hypoplasia, Pendular Nystagmus

  • Dysequilibrium Syndrome

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia Other names Dysequilibrium syndrome, DES ; Nonprogressive cerebellar[en.wikipedia.org] cerebellar ataxia associated with cerebellar hypoplasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An autosomal recessive syndrome of nonprogressive cerebellar ataxia and mental retardation is associated with inferior cerebellar hypoplasia and mild cerebral gyral simplification[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    Examine arms for limb ataxia (see above): rebound of outstretched arms, finger-nose test for past pointing, check for dysdiadochokinesis.[patient.info] Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[dizziness-and-balance.com] Inherited metabolic disorders - eg, Leigh's disease and the mitochondrial disorders Congenital: Developmental anomalies - eg, cerebellar hypoplasia, Dandy-Walker syndrome,[patient.info]

  • Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration

    Other impairments on the neurologic exam that may raise suspicion for a cerebellar disorder include: impaired heel-shin test, impaired finger-nose-finger test (dysmetria),[mdedge.com] […] parallels peak BAC Stage of development not an important factor Cerebellar Hypoplasia 14.[slideshare.net] Examine arms for limb ataxia (see above): rebound of outstretched arms, finger-nose test for past pointing, check for dysdiadochokinesis.[patient.info]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    We report a case of fetal cerebellar hemorrhage and hypoplasia, identified by fetal MRI after intrauterine blood transfusion at 21 weeks' gestation for treatment of severe[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Postnatal MRI confirmed atrophy of bilateral cerebellar hemispheres and inferior vermis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration

    There were Romberg sign ( ), fingernose test ( ), and heel–knee test ( ). There was no obvious abnormality in sensory system.[journals.lww.com] Nystagmus, skew deviation, disconjugate saccades, and altered ocular pursuit can be present.[ajnr.org] Diffuse cerebellar atrophy can be difficult to distinguish from global cerebellar hypoplasia on a single study and can only be distinguished from the latter by demonstrating[radiopaedia.org]

  • Parenchymatous Cortical Cerebellar Degeneration

    Atrophy, Hereditary, NOS Congenital Vermian Hypoplasia (Mimic) ESSENTIAL INFORMATION Key Differential Diagnosis Issues Clinical history often more important in making diagnosis[neupsykey.com] Intoxication Radiation and Chemotherapy Hypothyroidism Less Common Cerebellitis, NOS Rare but Important Multiple System Atrophy Ataxia, Hereditary, NOS Ataxia Telangiectasia Cerebellar[neupsykey.com]

  • Cerebellar Disease

    Heel to shin test Have patient run their heel down the contralateral shin (this is equivalent the finger to nose test).[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu] Intention Tremor Scanning speech Eyes rebound for nystagmus Rebound for the rebound phenomenon Pendulum for pendular knee jerk and hypotonia Also remember the "4 Dys" of Cerebellar[medicowesome.blogspot.com] This report details the findings of an affected infant with cerebellar hypoplasia in the context of previously reported cases and supports the idea that the phenomenon typically[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    Examine arms for limb ataxia (see above): rebound of outstretched arms, finger-nose test for past pointing, check for dysdiadochokinesis.[patient.info] Nystagmus, skew deviation, disconjugate saccades, and altered ocular pursuit can be present.[ajnr.org] Inherited metabolic disorders - eg, Leigh's disease and the mitochondrial disorders Congenital: Developmental anomalies - eg, cerebellar hypoplasia, Dandy-Walker syndrome[patient.info]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia with Leukoencephalopathy

    […] excursion in movements and errors in reaching a precise target • Testsfinger-to nose, the finger-chase tests for the upper limbs – heel-to-knee and heel-to-tibia tests[slideshare.net] Nystagmus, skew deviation, disconjugate saccades, and altered ocular pursuit can be present.[ajnr.org] Related phenotypes are hyperreflexia and cerebellar hypoplasia[malacards.org]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Examine arms for limb ataxia (see above): rebound of outstretched arms, finger-nose test for past pointing, check for dysdiadochokinesis.[patient.info] […] and other Ocular Oscillations Unilateral nystagmus Acquired monocular pendular nystagmus Monocular downbeat nystagmus Bilateral nystagmus Opsoclonus Ocular flutter Saccadic[pedseyes.org] […] tremor), associated with cerebellar hypoplasia.[findzebra.com]

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