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831 Possible Causes for Abnormal Gait, Dementia, Extremity Ataxia

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    In later stages, spasticity, extensor plantar responses, greater loss of position and vibratory sensation in the lower extremities, and ataxia emerge.[merckmanuals.com] Neurologic signs and symptoms: Numbness—tingling Weakness of legs, arms, trunk Impaired vibration—position sense Abnormal reflexes Unsteady or abnormal gait Balance problems[b12awareness.org] A clinical diagnosis of dementia with delirium was made.[doi.org]

  • Stroke

    Ataxia, imbalance, unsteadiness, or disequilibrium. Vertigo, with or without nausea and vomiting. Diplopia (ophthalmoplegia). Dysphagia or dysarthria.[patient.info] Asymmetric step length is a common abnormal gait pattern in hemiplegic stroke patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    […] insomnia. 54 Less frequently reported effects in 1% to 5% of patients are depression, anxiety and irritability, hallucinations, confusion, anorexia, dry mouth, constipation, ataxia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] disturbance Abnormal gait Abnormal walk Impaired gait [ more ] 0001288 Hallucinations Hallucination Sensory hallucination [ more ] 0000738 Hyperreflexia Increased reflexes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] […] disease dementia (PDD), together known as the Lewy body dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    We describe a case of a young black woman with gradually progressive lower extremity paresthesias, weakness, and ataxia as the primary presenting symptoms of pernicious anemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurological symptoms may include muscular weakness and abnormal gait.[orpha.net] […] presentation mimicking a dementia of depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] oneself (see 11.00G3b(iv) ). 11.15 [Reserved] 11.16 [Reserved] 11.17 Neurodegenerative disorders of the central nervous system, such as Huntington’s disease, Friedreich’s ataxia[ssa.gov] He had difficulty walking due to poor movement of his right leg, and was diagnosed as having Parkinson's disease because of akinesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These syndromes range from frontotemporal dementia to behavioral or cognitive syndromes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Case Presentation: A 28‐year‐old nursing student with a history of bipolar disorder presented to Tucson Medical Center with symptoms of ataxia and bilateral lower‐extremity[shmabstracts.com] Numbness of the limbs and trunk is an early symptom; weakness, clumsiness and spasticity, abnormal reflexes, gait ataxia develop later.[neuroanatomy.wisc.edu] Mental changes range from mild forgetfulness to severe dementia or psychosis. Severe dementia is uncommon, but in some cases, it is the first symptom of the disorder.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    […] voice, inattention, ataxia, and binocular diplopia after a voluntary 59-kg weight loss over 5 months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) commonly presents with oculomotor abnormalities, gait ataxia and confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis was supported by abnormal serum thiamine and disappearance of the gait disturbance after administration of intravenous thiamine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Additional findings include ataxia, extrapyramidal signs, and dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HSP is a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders with progressive lower limb spasticity and weakness leading to abnormal gait as the principal clinical feature.[omicsonline.org] We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tabes Dorsalis

    The condition tends to present 15 to 20 years after the initial infection and is characterized by lightening-like pains in the lower extremities, URINARY INCONTINENCE; ATAXIA[connects.catalyst.harvard.edu] Prognosis If left untreated, tabes dorsalis can lead to paralysis, dementia, and blindness.[ninds.nih.gov] The condition tends to present 15 to 20 years after the initial infection and is characterized by lightening-like pains in the lower extremities, Urinary incontinence ; Ataxia[jove.com]

  • Huntington's Disease

    Muscles may become extremely rigid and gait may show signs of ataxia. Chorea may also be mixed with other movement disorders such as dystonia.[encyclopedia.com] Gait abnormalities: Gait abnormalities start developing in the intermediate stage of the disease. The gait is irregular and unsteady.[symptoma.com] Dementias: Advances in Neurology. 38 Vol. New York, NY: Raven; 1983. Meiser B, Dunn S.[web.archive.org]

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