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41 Possible Causes for Abnormal Head CT Scan, Soft Tissue Swelling

  • Hemophilia

    If your child does not receive prompt treatment, extra blood can pool in the joint or soft tissue and cause pain and swelling that takes longer to go away.[ucsfbenioffchildrens.org] Bleeding into the skin (which is bruising) or muscle and soft tissue causing a build-up of blood in the area (called a hematoma).[web.archive.org] Once the blood clot is established and the bleeding has stopped, the body begins to reabsorb the blood that has leaked into the tissues and joints.[ucsfbenioffchildrens.org]

  • Acromegaly

    This leads to coarse facial features, soft tissue swelling (including the tongue), enlargement of the hands and feet, respiratory problems, hypertension, diabetes mellitus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Injections often improve symptoms of soft tissue swelling, headache, joint pains and sleep apnea. Patients require lifelong treatment with somatostatin.[pietromortini.com] Soft-tissue swellings generally decrease and acromegaly-associated facial features gradually return towards normal, although this may take some time.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Diagnostic studies X-ray of the spine showed prevertebral soft tissue swelling that was confirmed on the cervical spine (C/S) MR imaging [ Figure 1 ], along with an anterior[surgicalneurologyint.com] Overlying soft-tissue swelling is present in the right frontal aspect of the scalp.[emedicine.medscape.com] Figure 1 The lateral cervical spine X-ray shows significant prevertebral soft tissue swelling Figure 2 On admission emergency cervical MRI of this patient reveals severe CSF[surgicalneurologyint.com]

  • Epidural Abscess

    A computed tomography scan showed soft tissue swelling anterolaterally at intervertebral disc level T11/12 and a gas-containing epidural abscess that compressed her spinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Traumatic Pneumocephalus

    Computed tomography showed extensive subcutaneous emphysema in the right periorbital soft tissue through the right temporal and zygomatic areas to the right upper neck, and[traumaimpro.org] (There are six abnormalities) The primary goal of emergency CT scanning in a patient with head trauma is rapid identification of a surgically correctable lesion such as large[mhmedical.com] CT scan should be considered when there are focal neurological findings, persistent headache, vomiting, and age 60.[meddean.luc.edu]

  • Wilson Disease

    Edema - The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess water accumulation.[wilsonsdisease.org] X-ray examinations including MRI or head CT scan may show abnormalities, especially around the basal ganglia in the brain.[dermnetnz.org]

  • Sinusitis

    tissue swelling over the forehead (frontal sinus) may indicate an infection of the frontal bone, called Pott's puffy tumor or osteomyelitis.[emedicinehealth.com] A prospective analysis of incidental paranasal sinus abnormalities on CT head scans .Clin Otolaryngol. 1994 ;19: 287 - 9 Google Scholar Medline ISI East CA ,Annis JA..[doi.org] If your child has had sinusitis and has swelling around the cheekbone or eyelid, it may be facial cellulitis (bacterial infection of the skin and soft tissue) or periorbital[hse.ie]

  • Meniere's Disease

    Inflammation in those of with Meniere’s causes the sinuses, Eustachian tube and other soft tissues around the inner ear to swell.[cookingupclean.com] Laboratory tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scanning may be performed to rule out other conditions.[britannica.com] […] movements in persons with abnormal inner-ear function).[britannica.com]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Examine for alignment, soft tissue swelling, steps, or fractures.[emedicine.com] head CT scans.[emedicine.com] An abnormal CT scan is defined as one revealing hematomas, contusions, edema or compressed basal cisterns.[dx.doi.org]

  • Skull Fracture

    Associated soft tissue swelling is seen (white arrow). Imaging in Skull Fractures. AN Khan. eMedicine[learningradiology.com] Ultrasound examination was performed to evaluate the palpable soft tissue swelling.[appliedradiology.com] This splint is not circumferential like a cast, because a fracture has the potential for swelling of the surrounding tissues, and if a tight cast were in place, that swelling[medicinenet.com]

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