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430 Possible Causes for Abnormal Involuntary Movement, Cognitive Defect

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    […] narrowing in a blood vessel Tremor Involuntary, somewhat rhythmic, muscle contraction and relaxation involving to‐and‐fro movements of one or more body parts Venogram An[] This disorder is characterized by normal cognition, coarse faces and dysostosis multiplex, hepatosplenomegaly, and cardiac valve disease.[] […] motor activity). 9 Thus, the term spasticity can also be used more generally to refer to the totality of the abnormal movement control caused by an UMN lesion, 10 and spasticity[]

  • Huntington's Disease

    Motor function was assessed by Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) and by Unified Huntington Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) presurgery and postsurgery for up to 4 years[] In addition to motor symptoms and cognitive deterioration, neuropsychiatric symptoms comprise part of the Huntington’s disease phenotype. 1 – 3 The genetic defect underlying[] Defective huntingtin protein leads to brain changes that cause abnormal involuntary movements, a severe decline in thinking and reasoning skills, and irritability, depression[]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    There were significantly more signs of central nervous system dysfunction in the OCD group, as shown by abnormalities in fine motor coordination, involuntary and mirror movements[] Common structural defects include birth defects, anencephaly, hypospadias, and spina bifida.[] Patients who come to medical attention during childhood but after the neonatal period may have congenital defects including intellectual disability, which is mild compared[]

  • Wilson Disease

    […] active hepatitis, cirrhosis, fulminant hepatitis Neurologic disease-dystonia, dysarthria, tremors, involuntary choreiform movements (e.g., features of cerebellar or extrapyramidal[] Table 3: Signs and Symptoms of Wilson's Disease Asymptomatic Symptomatic Biochemical abnormalities alone Biochemical abnormalities and Kayser-Fleischer rings Hepatic disease-chronic[]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale ( Guy 1976 ) allows rating of seven body areas and global judgements of the severity of abnormal movements, the degree of handicap and[] Case Western Reserve researchers discover FDA-approved drug rapidly clears amyloid from the brain and reverses cognitive defects.[] "presenile dementia"/ 11. exp "cognitive defect"/ 12. "wernicke korsakoff syndrome"/ 13. "korsakoff psychosis"/ 14. "binswanger encephalopathy"/ 15.[]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    […] eye movements.[] Wernicke encephalopathy is a medical emergency that causes life-threatening brain disruption, confusion, staggering and stumbling, lack of coordination, and abnormal involuntary[]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Early in the study, we became aware that some patients showed abnormal involuntary movements of a choreoarthrotoid type, associated with hypertension.[] These may include motor dysfunction (paralysis, balance or gait abnormalities), cognitive impairment (amnesia, disorientation, confusion), speech defects (aphasia, dysphasia[]

  • Stroke

    Sometimes abnormal movements merge imperceptibly into purposeful or semipurposeful acts that mask the involuntary movements. Chorea often occurs with athetosis.[] […] the CNS, rheumatic fever, tumors or infarcts of the caudate nucleus Pregnancy, often in women who had rheumatic fever Age 60 (as senile chorea) Drugs (eg, antipsychotics) Movements[]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    […] eye movements.[] […] or abnormal eye movements Diminished reflexes Rapid heart rate Lack of coordination Lowered body temperature Muscle atrophy and weakness Difficulties walking Mental confusion[] Wernicke encephalopathy is a medical emergency that causes life-threatening brain disruption, confusion, staggering and stumbling, lack of coordination, and abnormal involuntary[]

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