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619 Possible Causes for Abnormal Reflex, Cerebrospinal Fluid Abnormality

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    reflexes, abnormal eye movements, muscle weakness, decreased sensation, and other changes.[] Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) does not necessarily help in establishing the diagnosis as there are no pathognomonic features.[] In newborns , symptoms resemble those of many other acute neonatal encephalopathies: Seizures Depressed mental status Poor feeding Abnormal tone and reflexes Among nonneonates[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Later in the course of the disease there may be extreme emotional lability, ataxia, abnormal reflexes, and difficulty in urinating.[] We report a 49-year-old woman with a history of progressive gait disturbance, white matter disease, and cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin abnormalities who met criteria for[] We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).[]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    reflexes Excessive sleep Lethargy Weak suck Fallen blood count It is recommended that infants born prematurely receive a routine cranial ultrasound between 7 and 14 days[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies disclosed mononuclear pleocytosis with elevated protein levels.[] […] sleep Lethargy Weak suck Seizures and other abnormal movements All babies born before 30 weeks should have an ultrasound of the head to screen for IVH.[]

  • Meningitis

    In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[] fluid abnormalities.[] In young infants, doctors may look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes, which can also be signs of meningitis.[]

  • Syringomyelia

    Symptoms of Syringomyelia Common symptoms of syringomyelia include: Weakness Pain Numbness (decreased feeling) Tingling, especially in the arms and hands Abnormal reflexes[] To the Editor: Syringomyelia is a condition with various causes in which fluid accumulates in an abnormal cavity within the spinal cord.[] […] pain & temperature sensibility, Asymmetric abdominal reflexes Radiographic Signs: Rapidly progressive scoliosis, Upper thoracic curve, Left thoracic curve, High double thoracic[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Typical Presentation: Gradual onset, progressive muscle failure weakness, fatigue, problems with swallowing, abnormal reflexes, cramping, fasciculations[] Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing revealed no abnormalities except for an elevated neopterin concentration at 143.17 pmol/mL (normal 30 pmol/mL).[] The physical exam may show: Weakness, often beginning in one area Muscle tremors, spasms, twitching, or loss of muscle tissue Twitching of the tongue (common) Abnormal reflexes[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    This may include: Abnormal nerve reflexes Decreased ability to move a part of the body Decreased or abnormal sensation Other loss of nervous system functions, such as vision[] Cerebrospinal fluid was tested extensively for infection and malignancy with no abnormal findings. She received five days of intravenous methylprednisolone.[] […] in the brain Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to determine if there are abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid, one of the signs of MS Evoked potentials test, which records[]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    Reflexes may be aggravated as well.[] Physical examination of the head area will reveal abnormal pupil dilation, light reaction and lack of eye movement on opposite side.[]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid may also be tested to check for substances secreted by tumors (called tumor markers) and for gene abnormalities that are characteristic[] 3 months; new parictal lesion. deficits and with mass effect abnormalities; Dx: MS BAEP Brain stem auditory evoked potential, CC corpus callosum, CSF cerebrospinal fluid,[] They begin in the ependymal cells that line the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain, where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is manufactured.[]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal.[] Reexamination of MRI and cerebrospinal fluid test also revealed clear improvement of the above abnormalities.[] The cerebrospinal fluid can also be analyzed for abnormal proteins, chemicals, and cells.[]

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