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381 Possible Causes for Abnormal Reflex, Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Brain Neoplasm

    […] hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with frontal lobe tumors Brainstem and cerebellar tumors induce cranial nerve palsies, ataxia, incoordination, nystagmus[emedicine.medscape.com] Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[bestpractice.bmj.com] Brain stem Cranial nerve dysfunction, ataxia, papillary abnormalities, nystagmus, hemiparesis, autonomic dysfunction Table 3.[aafp.org]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] reflexes Excessive sleep Lethargy Weak suck Fallen blood count It is recommended that infants born prematurely receive a routine cranial ultrasound between 7 and 14 days[cerebralpalsy.org] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[doi.org]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    reflexes Tremors Vertigo —a feeling of spinning or whirling when you are not moving Nausea and vomiting Intense headache Speech problems and difficulty swallowing Problems[winchesterhospital.org] Remaining 8 patients were also symptomatic for vertigo, but they had spontaneous nystagmus. The latter group was called "disease control."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mezzadri JJOtero JMOttino CA Management of 50 spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhages: importance of obstructive hydrocephalus.[doi.org]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    […] is usually peripheral in nature, whereas vertical, pure torsional and/or bidirectional nystagmus, limb ataxia and pinprick sensation asymmetry are usually central Dix Hallpike[emergencymedicinecases.com] Acute obstructive hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar infarction: treatment alternatives. Surg Neurol. 1983 ; 20 : 13–19.[doi.org] Posterior circulation† Nystagmus Vertigo (spinning sensation) Disconjugate gaze If subtle, blurry or double vision Homonymous visual-field cut Inability to see well, especially[aafp.org]

  • Meningitis

    In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[cdc.gov] She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Less commonly, patients may develop cognitive impairment and gait ataxia due to obstructive hydrocephalus with ventricular dilatation.[doi.org]

  • Platybasia

    Bruns nystagmus in cerebellopontine angle tumor. JAMA Neurol. 2013 ; 70 : 646 - 647. 4. Kim, HJ, Lee, SH, Park, JH, Choi, JY, Kim, JS.[cambridge.org] Obstructive hydrocephalus or syringomyelia may also be seen because of direct mechanical blockage of normal CSF flow.[dizziness-and-balance.com] hydrocephalus.[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    reflexes Nerve problems, including paralysis How is a Chiari malformation type I diagnosed?[hopkinsmedicine.org] Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[orpha.net]

  • Syringomyelia

    (decreased muscle strength) in the arms or legs Painless burn or injury of the hand Difficulty walking or toe walking in children Uncontrollable movements of the eyes ( nystagmus[nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of Syringomyelia Common symptoms of syringomyelia include: Weakness Pain Numbness (decreased feeling) Tingling, especially in the arms and hands Abnormal reflexes[seattlechildrens.org] As such, syrinxes can be considered analogous to hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    Abstract A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Significant predictors of death were abnormal corneal and oculocephalic reflexes, a GCS score less than 8, motor response less than localization to pain, acute hydrocephalus[jamanetwork.com] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    This may include: Abnormal nerve reflexes Decreased ability to move a part of the body Decreased or abnormal sensation Other loss of nervous system functions, such as vision[nlm.nih.gov] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The following are some of the features and symptoms associated with MPS VI: Short stature Macrocephaly (large head) Progressively coarse facial features Communicating hydrocephalus[biomarin.com]

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