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664 Possible Causes for Abnormal Spikes, Occipital Focal Spikes, Progressive Action Tremor

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Usually, myoclonic tremor is the presenting symptom, characterized by tremulous finger movements and myoclonic jerks of the limbs increased by action and posture.[uniprot.org] .  Previously called early-benign childhood seizures with occipital spikes  Childhood onset (peak 5 years).  Focal autonomic seizures or autonomic status epilepticus, frequently[slideshare.net] Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Continuous Spike wave in slow wave sleep: The epileptiform abnormalities seen during sleep EEG in these children is markedly increased compared[epilepsyfoundationmn.org]

  • Epilepsy

    Rask and Fernando Torres, Clinical Manifestations in Children with Occipital Spike‐Wave Paroxysms, Epilepsia, 33, 4, (667-674), (2005). R. J.[doi.org] If you have epilepsy, the EEG may show abnormal spikes or waves in your brain's electrical activity patterns. Different types of epilepsy cause different patterns.[northshore.org] Epileptiform activity characteristic of people with epilepsy includes abnormalities such as spikes, sharp waves and spike-wave complexes, ( slides 21 & 22 ). IV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    The EEG signature of IGE is bisynchronous, symmetric, and generalized spike-wave complex; although focal, irregular, and so called "fragments" of discharges are not uncommon[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The abnormalities included generalized spike-wave and/or spike-polyspike morphology in majority.[annalsofian.org] Abstract Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have been used to quantitatively assess focal and network abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    We compared the occurrence and involvement of posterior electrodes for focal abnormalities and generalised spike-wave activity in the EEG outside photic stimulation between[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] discharges on electroencephalography, and a lack of focal abnormality on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neuroimaging typically reveals no abnormalities and EEG frequently reveals generalized spike-wave activity at a frequency of 4-6 hertz.[meddean.luc.edu]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    Jerk-locked premyoclonus spikes Hand tremor Neuronal loss in central nervous system Cutaneous photosensitivity Hyperreflexia Heterogeneous Weight loss Dystonia Splenomegaly[mendelian.co] Abnormal asymmetry in benign epilepsy with unilateral and bilateral centrotemporal spikes: a combined fMRI and DTI study.[frontiersin.org] EEG abnormalities are more likely or increased with sleep deprivation and during sleep.[epilepsy.com]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • West Syndrome

    Brain MRI revealed no abnormal findings although interictal EEG demonstrated left centro-parieto-temporal localized spike foci.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient was followed up to 13 years of age, and at the last examination was shown to have severe speech delay, seizures, and continuous spike-and-wave activity on EEG.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormality may only be seen in sleep or on wakening.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    Photic stimulation is a recognized cortical precipitant of GSW ( Niedermeyer, 1996 ) and focal occipital spike and slow wave ( Ricci and Vigevano, 1993 ).[academic.oup.com] Although focal spikes can occur, if they consistently arise in 1 area, consider structural brain abnormality. Caution . If slow spike-and-wave ( Imaging.[medlink.com] The electroencephalogram (EEG) can show focal and generalised abnormalities (sharp waves, spikes or spike and slow waves).[epilepsy.org.uk]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Encephalopathy

    *Frontal dominance (FIRDA) --non specific ,diffuse encephalopathy, if focal ?[slideshare.net] Structural abnormalities can often be seen on cranial MRI.[orpha.net] *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    Preterminally, the patient becomes immobile and mute. 43 Investigation of dialysis dementia Abnormalities in EEG may precede clinically overt symptoms by up to 6 months.[jnnp.bmj.com] Intermittent bursts of high voltage slowing and spike and wave activity are noted, particularly in the frontal leads. 44 The EEG may show an initial deterioration after treatment[jnnp.bmj.com]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Progressive Action Tremor