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21 Possible Causes for Abnormal Spine X-Ray, Paravertebral Muscle Spasm

  • Osteoporosis

    muscle spasms exacerbated by activity and decreased by lying supine Patients often remain motionless in bed because of fear of causing an exacerbation of pain Acute pain[] […] lumbar spine The pain is described variably as sharp, nagging, or dull; movement may exacerbate pain; in some cases, pain radiates to the abdomen Pain is often accompanied by paravertebral[]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis due to Salmonella

    There was tenderness on palpation along the lumbar spine posteriorly, associated with paravertebral muscle spasms. There were no neurological finding.[] X-ray of the lumbar spine was negative for any bony erosion or soft tissue abnormality.[] In terms of imaging modalities, the initial X-ray of thoracic/lumbar spine can help establish the presence of any abnormalities in the bone and soft tissue.[]

  • Spinal Tuberculosis

    Physical examination of the spine reveals localised tenderness and paravertebral muscle spasm.[] Non-contiguous infection is as high as 16% and a full length MRI scout is recommended.8 If not possible, full spine X-rays should be employed.[] CT and MRI are useful to further delineate bony destruction and soft tissue elements especially in the case of neurological abnormality ( Figure 4 ).[]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    One common sign visible on X-rays is vertebral bodies that have become deformed into an abnormal square shape.[] Diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis is usually through case history, x-ray, MRI, or CT scans, and tests for autoantibodies and inflammation.[] Doctors refer to this finding as a "bamboo spine" appearance. It gives the spine a very symmetrical and segmented appearance on the X-ray.[]

  • Lumbar Osteoarthritis

    These tests help make a diagnosis: X-rays of your lumbar spine. These may show bone growths called spurs that push on spinal nerves and/or narrowing of the spinal canal.[] These tests help make a diagnosis: X-rays of your lumbar spine.[] During the physical exam your healthcare provider will look for signs of spinal stenosis, such as loss of sensation, weakness, and abnormal reflexes.[]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    CONTEXT: For patients with lumbar disk herniation, the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) randomized trial intent-to-treat analysis showed small but not statistically significant differences in favor of diskectomy compared with usual care. However, the large numbers of patients who crossed over between[…][]

  • Cervical Osteoarthritis

    Patients in each group were investigated blindly in terms of pain and pain-related physical findings, such as increased paravertebral muscle spasm, loss of lordosis and range[] Neck or spinal X-ray. An X-ray may show abnormalities, such as bone spurs, that indicate cervical spondylosis.[] It shows if any abnormalities due to an advancing age are present in the spine Computerized tomography (CT): A CT scan takes a series of x-ray images from several different[]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Tenderness and spasms of the paravertebral muscles may be present at the level of the vertebral defect and surrounding segments.[] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[] Other causes of spondylolisthesis include congenital abnormalities of the spine, trauma, tumors, and surgical procedures.[]

  • Cervical Spine Disease

    The "stiffness" is usually the result of muscle spasm or tightness in the powerful paravertebral muscles that lie on either side in the back of the neck.[] abnormal areas of the soft tissues around the spine.[] When the paravertebral muscles contract, they reduce the amount of movement that the joints would ordinarily have.[]

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