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65 Possible Causes for Absence of Focal Neurologic Signs, Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    fontanelle when it is still open) Findings: enlarged lateral ventricles MRI (preferred for children) or CT Indication: older infants (when fontanelle is already closed, typically[] 6 months of age) or adults Features of acute hydrocephalus: enlarged ventricles Temporal horn dilation 2 mm Evans ratio 30% Sulcal enlargement Mickey Mouse ventricles Upward[] Changes in vital signs resulting from brainstem compression Ultrasonography Indication: clinical suspicion during antenatal period or in infants 6 months of age (through the anterior[]

  • Brain Concussion

    Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2018 Feb;28(1):15-29. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2017.09.006. Epub 2017 Oct 27. Author information 1 Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging Department, El Bosque University, Hospital Universitario Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota, Calle 119 # 7 - 75, Bogota DC 110111, Colombia. Electronic address:[…][]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Coma

    Abstract Guidelines for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) management and several grading systems or prognostic indices have been used not only to improve the quality of care but to predict also the outcome of these patients. Among them, the gold standards Fisher radiological grading scale, Hunt-Hess[…][]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Other signs of bacterial meningitis include the Kernig sign, the Brudzinski sign, focal neurologic deficit, seizures, and increased intracranial pressure.[] Absence of meningeal irritation in children with bacterial meningitis is more common in those younger than 12 months.[] Signs of meningeal irritation are present in about 75% of children with bacterial meningitis at the time of presentation.[]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy

    Physical examination after intravenous glucose supplementation revealed the absence of focal neurological signs, facial palsy, and tongue or eye deviations.[]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Cerebral Edema

    neurological signs.[] CONCLUSIONS —CE may occur in the absence of acute changes on head computed tomograms.[] Although initial computed tomograms were often normal, the findings also included diffuse CE and focal brain injury, the latter only in patients with an early onset of abnormal[]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Abstract Secondary metabolic encephalopathy is a diffuse disorder of the brain caused by an extracerebral process. Underlying causes include oxygen deprivation, systemic metabolic disease, and drug intoxication. Symptoms and signs usually suggest a generalized disturbance of brain function: alterations in the level[…][]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    BACKGROUND: In minimally invasive endoscopic port surgery, the medium is air, and the image is clearer than in fluid. The most commonly used port is a single-channel port, which accommodates the rod lens of the endoscope and 2 microsurgical instruments. This setup decreases the freedom of movement of the 3[…][]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Abstract A 12-month-old girl with occult bacterial meningitis presented with a simple febrile seizure. On examination, the patient was alert, interactive, and smiling responsively without meningeal signs, focal neurologic findings, or signs of extreme illness. Her parents were reluctant to allow a lumbar puncture, and the[…][]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    Abstract Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder exhibiting a wide clinical spectrum ranging from minimal anomalies to classic CCD. Mutations scattered throughout the entire CBFA1 gene have been related to this disorder. However, it seems that most of them affect the highly conserved[…][]

    Missing: Absence of Focal Neurologic Signs

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