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197 Possible Causes for Absent Ankle Reflex, Chronic Alcoholism

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The clinical spectrum of chronic alcoholism is an unusual paradox for clinicians.[] Propranolol therapy decreased tremor more in the alcoholics than in essential tremor. The tremor of chronic alcoholism differs from essential tremor.[] Probably the whole spectrum of muscle disease in chronic alcoholism may be commoner than has been suspected.[]

  • Alcoholic Neuropathy

    Abstract Chronic alcoholism is a medical, economical and social problem.[] ; (IV) chronic alcoholics with both motor and sensory symptoms.[] These include activation of spinal cord microglia after chronic alcohol consumption, oxidative stress leading to free radical damage to nerves, activation of mGlu5 receptors[]

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    However, it is unclear whether alcohol alone is responsible for the neuropathic symptoms, because chronic alcoholism is strongly associated with malnutrition.[] Most people with PN have reduced or absent ankle reflexes (involuntary responses to a stimulus).[] Classically, ankle jerk reflex is absent in peripheral neuropathy.[]

  • Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy

    Causes linked with systemic diseases include: Diabetic autonomic neuropathies [ 5 ] Alcoholic neuropathy Subacute combined degeneration Liver disease Chronic kidney disease[]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    […] disease (COPD) chronic alcoholism folate (vitamin B-9) deficiency caused by poor diet or conditions that affect absorption Other vitamin B-12 deficiencies, such as those[] A complication of severe chronic PA is subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord, which leads to distal sensory loss (posterior column), absent ankle reflex, increased[] ankle reflex, increased knee reflex response, and extensor plantar response. [22] Other than anemia, hematological symptoms may include cytopenias, intramedullary hemolysis[]

  • Diabetic Polyneuropathy

    Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Paraneiplastic Neuropathy Metabolic Disease Uremia (including renal Failure) Hypothyroidism Nutritional Deficiencies Alcoholism[] The ankle tendon reflex was absent in almost half of our patients (40.4 %).[] A combination of other causal factors includes: High blood pressure Smoking Alcohol use Having chronic liver or kidney disease Vitamin B deficiency Certain medications, including[]

  • Arsenic-Induced Polyneuropathy

    Thalidomide Associated with neuropathy in 50% of cases but severe in less than 10%. 20 Chronic alcohol use Neuropathy affects 25-66% of patients with chronic alcoholism. 21[] Proximal lower limb muscles were affected in 40% patients, rare upper limb involvement and ankle reflexes were absent in all with evidence of axonal degeneration and reinnervation[] AP is known to be caused by chronic alcoholism, but vitamin deficiencies can be associated with development of AP.[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    […] idiopathic neuropathy, unspecified G61 Inflammatory polyneuropathy G61.0 Guillain-Barre syndrome G61.1 Serum neuropathy G61.8 Other inflammatory polyneuropathies G61.81 Chronic[] F waves implicates nerve root involvement delayed/absent H reflex correlates with decreased/absent ankle reflex MRI cauda equina gandolinium enhancement in acute cases DIfferential[] G61.89 Other inflammatory polyneuropathies G61.9 Inflammatory polyneuropathy, unspecified G62 Other and unspecified polyneuropathies G62.0 Drug-induced polyneuropathy G62.1 Alcoholic[]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Chronic alcoholism is the most common cause of a low serum magnesium owing to poor nutrition.[] Inadequate dietary intake of magnesium, often caused by chronic alcoholism or malnutrition , is a common cause of hypomagnesemia.[] Chronic alcoholism is the most common cause of hypomagnesemia, in part because of poor diet.[]

  • Spina Bifida

    Included in this category are disorders associated with increased membrane surface area, accelerated erythropoiesis, alcoholism, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[] reflexes, sensory impairments [5] [6] [8] [10] Musculoskeletal: hip dislocation, syringomyelgia, scoliosis, foot and ankle deformities [9] Medical Management (current best[] Macrocytosis, sometimes without associated anemia, is often evident in persons with chronic alcoholism. [7, 8] Although the macrocytosis of alcoholism may be secondary to[]

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