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17 Possible Causes for Absent Bowel Sounds, No Mechanical Intestinal Obstructive Lesion

  • Ileus

    Ileus was defined if a child developed abdominal distension and had hyperactive or sluggish or absent bowel sound and a radiologic evidence of abdominal gas-fluid level during[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Called also paralytic, functional and adynamic ileus. dynamic ileus obstructive ileus. mechanical ileus obstructive ileus. obstructive ileus a physical lesion accounts for[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] FEATURES abdominal pain N V constipation abdominal distension intolerant of enteral feeding absent bowel sounds can produce: intestinal ischaemia, perforation and abdominal[litfl.com]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    ) Abdominal tenderness, rigidity (usually absent unless strangulation or peritonitis occur) Absent bowel sounds or high pitched bowel sounds above obstruction (upon auscultation[slideshare.net] RATIONALE: Paralytic ileus is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction but without any mechanical lesions in the intestinal lumen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His abdomen was grossly distended with absent bowel sounds. There was no palpable organomegaly.[thyroidresearchjournal.biomedcentral.com]

  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    obstruction with no identifiable mechanical lesion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , but absence of a mechanical obstructing lesion.[gut.bmj.com] The appearance of polyhydramnios and dilated bowel loops on prenatal sonographic examination usually implies mechanical obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Decreased Bowel Sounds

    One cause of absent bowel sounds could be ileus, a condition in which there is a lack of intestinal activity. Many medical conditions may lead to ileus.[belmarrahealth.com] Intestinal obstructions can be classified by the following three means: The type of obstruction. The obstructing mechanism. The part of the bowel involved.[cancer.gov] Constipation is a common cause of decreased or no bowel sounds. There may be a few cases wherein abdominal sounds may be completely absent.[healthhearty.com]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Examination reveals a markedly distended abdomen and absent bowel sounds. Lab studies show an elevated WBC count and a lactate of 4.3 mmol/L.[foamcast.org] Small intestinal pseudo-obstruction describes a clinical syndrome characterized by manifestations of mechanical bowel obstruction in the absence of an obstructive lesion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] absent bowel sounds Tender abdominal mass Closed loop Bowel Obstruction may be palpable Abdominal Distention and tympany on percussion Indicates distal obstruction Abdominal[fpnotebook.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    bowel sounds -tympany on percussion, dilated proximal bowel loops -Vitals: look for dehydration, tachycardia/ hypotension - sepsis/ strangulation -scars, hernias -bowel sounds[quizlet.com] […] dilation of the colon in the absence of an anatomic lesion (pseudo-obstruction).[emedicine.medscape.com] ) – absent or reduced bowel sounds, usually associated with other co-morbidities Large Bowel Obstruction.[learningradiology.com]

  • Abdominal Visceral Abscess

    , auscultation (absent bowel sounds indicate obstruction/volvulus).[patient.info] obstruction, mechanical or with paralytic ileus; copious amount Diarrhea most common with acute gastroenteritis or food poisoning, but it may occur with appendicitis or other[research.ece.ncsu.edu] Physical findings include abdominal distention, tenderness to palpation, high-pitched or absent bowel sounds, and a tympanic abdomen.[medical-institution.com]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    A stethoscope will be placed on your abdomen to listen for bowel sounds. Absent, or abnormal signs may suggest a bowel obstruction.[health.cvs.com] Functional bowel obstruction is characterized by signs and symptoms of a mechanical obstruction of the small or large bowel in the absence of an anatomic lesion that obstructs[aci.health.nsw.gov.au] […] or decreased bowel sounds.[www2.health.vic.gov.au]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    absent bowel sounds Tender abdominal mass Closed loop Bowel Obstruction may be palpable Abdominal Distention and tympany on percussion Indicates distal obstruction Abdominal[fpnotebook.com] It is commonly due to mechanical obstruction, intrinsic or extrinsic lesions. It may be partial or complete.[gpnotebook.co.uk] A stethoscope will be placed on your abdomen to listen for bowel sounds. Absent, or abnormal signs may suggest a bowel obstruction.[winchesterhospital.org]

  • Colonic Perforation

    Bowel sounds were absent and the rectum was full of faeces.[omjournal.org] intestinal wall.[elsevier.es] Bowel sounds are quiet to absent.[merckmanuals.com]

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